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Imperialism in Southeast Asia

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Imperialism in
Southeast Asia
What affect do the Dutch, British &
French have on SE Asia?
Dutch Imperialism in Indonesia
Late 1700s: Dutch East India Company controlled the 3,000 mile long
Indonesia island chain (competing with Portugal)
These islands were perfect for plantations (sugar, bananas, rubber,
coffee, coconuts, and pineapples)
Late 1800s: Discovery of oil in the region causes the Netherlands to
take direct control of the islands (Dutch East Indies colony)
Dutch used the direct method of governing the islands, including a
rigid class system and cash crops
British Imperialism in SE Asia
To compete with the Dutch, the
British colonize Singapore,
Malaysia & Burma
British need a port in Singapore
plus tin & rubber for the Suez canal
Encourage Chinese to migrate to
SE Asia causing cultural tensions
Gray
Dark
Green
French Imperialism in SE Asia (Mid 1800s)
France sends missionaries to SE Asia to convert Asians to Christianity
Anti-Christian Vietnamese Emperor accused of killing 7 Missionaries
Napoleon III invades Southern Vietnam
Wanting the vast resources France colonizes the whole region
Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos would form French Indochina
Siam remains independent
As its neighbors fell to
Imperialism, Siam (Thailand)
remained independent
King Mongkut began promoting
the fact that Siam could be a buffer
Red
between French & British colonies
Mongkut began reforming &
Yellow
industrializing Siam
Impact of SE Asian Imperialism
+ Schools, Health, Roads
- Cash crops, racism, religious
conflict
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