Duryog Nivaran: Networking for Disaster Risk Reduction in South Asia Presentation at Preliminary Consultative Meeting Building a вЂњGlobal Network of NGOsвЂќ for Community Resilience to Disasters Geneva, 25-26 October, 2006 --Amjad Bhatti, Regional Coordinator, Duryog Nivaran Secretariat, Islamabad, Pakistan What Duryog Nivaran stands for? вЂў Duryog Nivaran is a Sanskrit phrase meaning вЂў disaster mitigation. Duryog Nivaran, established in 1995, is a network of individuals and organisations from South Asia who are committed to promoting the вЂ�alternative perspectiveвЂ™ on disasters and vulnerability as a basis for disaster mitigation in the region. Objective вЂў The overall aim of Duryog Nivaran is to reduce the communitiesвЂ™ susceptibility to disasters and conflicts. This is achieved by incorporating the вЂ�alternative perspectiveвЂ™ at conceptual, policy and implementation levels of disaster mitigation and development programmes in South Asian region. Dominant Perspective Alternative Perspective вЂў Disasters and conflicts вЂў Disasters and conflicts are viewed as an isolated event вЂў Less analysis on linkages in society during normal times вЂў are part of the normal process of development Analysing linkages in society during normal times is fundamental to understanding disasters and conflicts Dominant Perspective Alternative Perspective вЂў Technical and law and вЂў Emphasis is on solutions вЂў Centralised state вЂў Decentralised institutions order solutions are adhered institutions dominate the intervention. Less people participation. People are regarded as вЂњvictims.вЂќ that change the relationships and structures in society. The objective being to strengthen peopleвЂ™s capacity and reduce their vulnerability play the main role. Participation of people is paramount. People are treated as вЂњpartnersвЂќ in development. Dominant Perspective Alternative Perspective вЂў Implementing agencies вЂў Accountability and вЂў Interventions come after вЂў Interventions aim at вЂў The objective is to return вЂў are rarely accountable and their processes are less transparent the event to the situation prior to the event transparency are paramount in this strategy preparing communities and mitigating the impact of disasters Disasters and conflicts are viewed as opportunities for social transformation DN Themes вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Understanding linkages with society Myths of science and technology Accountability Regional cooperation Understanding vulnerability and capacity Risk and Livelihoods Principles for Advocacy вЂў Disasters should be looked at as a part of ecology and they should be managed rather than controlled. вЂў Disasters should be treated as issues of development and governance; and states should be made responsive, sensitive and accountable to the demands, needs and rights of disaster-prone communities and areas. вЂў Disaster management policies should be redirected towards poverty and vulnerability reduction instead of mere compensation and relief response. Principles for Advocacy вЂў Disaster management strategies should integrate structural measures (construction of embankments, dykes, resistant buildings, etc.) with non-structural measures such as enhancing the entitlements and negotiating power of the most vulnerable communities and subordinate social groups. вЂў Disaster-prone communities should be engaged equitably into the process of disaster-related decision-making and development planning, implementation and monitoring. Highlights of DN Activities вЂў Research and publications related to disaster preparedness and mitigation, вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў regional cooperation, gender and risk and livelihoods. Initiate a process of building awareness of media on issues related to the alternative perspective on disasters and community capacity building, and on effective disaster reporting. Policy discussions and debates on institutionalizing and mainstreaming the вЂ�Alternative perspectiveвЂ™ in South Asia Community-based initiatives in partner countries to demonstrate the вЂ�alternative perspectiveвЂ™ in practice through the Livelihood Options for Disaster Risk Reduction project Developing the CBDM- Community-Based Disaster Management training methodology, and training the stakeholders in the region to apply the concepts Highlights of DN Activities вЂў Conducting Localised CBDM training programmes in India and Sri Lanka вЂў Art and Poster Competition in the region on вЂњSeeing Disasters DifferentlyвЂќ in 1998 and publishing the booklet by the same name. вЂў Workshops to discuss the issue of better regional cooperation вЂў Building up a network of partnerships through the region, which includes governmental organizations, NGOs, academic institutions and community members Current Initiatives вЂў South Asia Policy Dialogue led to the Delhi Declaration вЂў The first SAARC-level policy conference on Disaster Risk Reduction at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on August 21-22, 2006. вЂў This meeting paved the way for a Road Map for Regional Cooperation as part of the South AsiaвЂ™s response towards the growing threat of natural disasters and the challenge of their management. вЂў The main organizers are, National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) in New Delhi, Practical Action South Asia Programme based in Colombo Sri Lanka and Duryog Nivaran the South Asian network for disaster mitigation with its secretariat in Islamabad, Pakistan. South Asia Disaster News Service (SADNS) вЂў South Asia Disaster News Service (SADNS) is an information pool on disaster risk related news, views, comments, analysis, interviews, articles, editorials, reportorial and case studies from across South Asia. The core objective of SADNS is to track pre-disaster risk, report occurrences and subsequent responses in member countries. Moreover, SADNS aims to serve as a ready reference on disaster risk reduction in South Asia. SADNS can be accessed at www.duryognivaran.org South Asia Disaster Report 2005: Tackling with Tides and Tremors вЂў This is the first report on disasters on South Asia by Duryog Nivaran. The report contests the stereotyping вЂў вЂў вЂў of disaster at policy, planning and implementation level and seeks to understand, How hazards turn into disasters; What were the consequences of the Indian Ocean Tsunami (December 2004), the Himalaya earthquake (October 2005); and Mumbai floods (July 2005) on people, infrastructure, and development; How did state and non state actors including local and international communities respond to these major natural disasters; ContinuedвЂ¦ вЂў Why some disasters are reported prominently and some remain invisible; вЂў What are the existing institutional arrangements addressing complex emergencies in South Asia; and вЂў What could be an alternative framework for effective disaster risk reduction in the region? Disaster Dispatch вЂ“ An Occasional Newsmagazine Disaster Dispatch is a Newsletter aimed at collecting, indexing, and disseminating news, views and research updates on natural disasters and social conflicts in South Asia . It intends to serve as a backgrounder for policy, media and disaster related organizations in the region. Previous copies of Disaster Dispatch can be accessed at http//www.duryognivaran.org and http/www.syberwurx/jrc DN Book Shelf вЂў Gender Dimensions in Disaster Management: A Guide for South Asia (2003) вЂў Livelihood-Centered Approaches to Disaster Management: A Policy вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Framework for South Asia Disaster Communication- A Resource Kit for Media (2002) Traditional Wisdom of Rainwater Harvesting: An Overview from South Asia (2001) Assessing Participation (1996) South Asian Women: Facing Disasters, Securing Life (1997) Understanding Vulnerability South Asian Perspectives (1998) DN Book Shelf вЂў Defeating Disasters: Ideas for Action (1999) вЂў Seeing Disaster Differently: Visions and Suggestions (1999) вЂў South Asian Series on Vulnerability Reduction: No.2 Food Security Strategies Under Drought Hazard: A Case Study of Milamperumawa (1997) вЂў South Asian Series on Vulnerability Reduction: Impact of Drought on Livelihood and Food Security of Farmers in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka: The Case of Vegetable Farmers in Yodakandiy (1998) DN Book Shelf вЂў Nine booklets on Food and Water Security: South Asia Case Study Series. вЂў Craft in the Aftermath of Disaster: Generating Independence as well as вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Incomes, India. Harvesting Rainwater: A Means of Water Security in Rural Sri Lanka. Fallows and Village food security in rain fed areas, a case study from India. Food and water security in times of malaria emergency, case study from Gujarat. Floods and desserts - a case study from Rajastan , India The Vulnerability of invisible workers, India. Strengthening vulnerable communities from natural disaster reduction, India. Technical briefs on tsunami and earthquake recovery and rehabilitation Way Forward вЂў Recently established disaster management cell by SAARC and hosted by вЂў National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) India has engaged DN in advisory capacity to develop a roadmap for regional disaster risk reduction in South Asia. Keeping in view the wealth of knowledge and experience pooled by the DN members, it is timely to develop and deploy and expand DNвЂ™s resources and learning with an aim to inform, influence, strengthen and streamline ongoing initiative on national and regional disaster management in South Asian countries. These initiatives can also be taken as a strategic reference point to the Hyogo Declaration issued at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction held in January 2005 in Kobe, Japan. The Hyogo Declaration underscores the importance of strengthening cooperative and synergistic interactions among various stakeholders and promoting voluntary partnership for disaster risk reduction. Struggle continuesвЂ¦ Thank you!