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The Role of Road Transport in Servicing International Trade

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E2A return shipments:
Problems and Solutions
Tampa, 26 January 2011
Igor Rounov,
IRU Under Secretary General
Page 1
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
IRU Initiatives
Page 2
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
MHI Central Asia section
19,7%
(234 km)
China
0,0
10,0
10,4%
(220 km)
40,1%
(846 km)
Kyrgyz Republic
20,0
30,0
20,0%
(422 km)
Tajikistan
40,0
50,0
Uzbekistan
60,0
70,0
18,4%
(389 km)
Afghanistan
80,0
90,0
100,0
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
IRU cooperation with UN MAS
IRU allocates
funds to UN
for demining
activities in
Northern
Afghanistan
Page 4
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Return Shipments
Return shipments transportation of goods,
produced in Afghanistan, for the
markets in Europe, America and
Asia, using the containers and
vehicles which deliver
shipments of non-lethal goods
to the US forces in Afghanistan
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Traditional Afghan Export Goods
пѓ� 40%
- skins and leather, wool, cotton
and some types of fruit, including
pomegranates and pomegranate juice ;
пѓ� 10% - carpets
пѓ� Building materials (in particular,
marble slabs), etc.
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Consumers of Afghan Export
пѓ� 50% - neighboring Pakistan, Iran,
Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
пѓ� 26% - USA
пѓ� 16% - EU
2009
Export
Import
547 mln
USD
5330 mln
USD
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Afghan Foreign Trade Imbalance
REASONS
o Untapped transport potential;
o Weak marketing of Afghan goods in developed
countries;
o Absence of export incentives for Afghan
agricultural producers.
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Afghan Export
MAIN OBSTACLES
No opportunities for consolidating shipments within the country
No logistical link between export and import streams of cargoes
Closed market of international haulage for foreign hauliers
Poor condition of roads
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Afghan Export
PROSPECTS
Investment projects in the country
Restoration of olive tree plantations
Production of saffron, soya, sunflower oil
Construction of citrus and pomegranate farms
Expansion of production of dried fruit
Gradual renovation of Afghan roads
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
E2A return shipments
possible routes
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
A2E via Turkmenistan
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
A2E via Uzbekistan
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
A2E via Tajikistan
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Main Challenges for E2A
return shipments of
traditional Afghan
exports goods
Page 15
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
• Road safety
• Customs security
• Prevention of drugs trafficking
Page 16
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
Construction of
warehouses –
for
consolidation
of Afghan
exports goods
from different
regions of the
country
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
Crossing the Afghan border
Afghan hauliers - absence of modern vehicles
Lack of English or Russian speaking Afghan drivers
Difficulties with issuance of Afghan visas for foreign
drivers
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
Export of empty containers
from Afghanistan
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
Integration of
Afghanistan into
the regional legal
system of
international road
haulage
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
Creation of exportoriented zones
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Challenges
Accession of
Afghanistan to the
main UN
conventions and
agreements, as
well as significant
modernization of
the legal base in
the country
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
Afghan Transit Caravan
DLA/IRU caravan;
Route: Stuttgart – Kandahar;
Via the territory of 12
countries;
20 containers;
Pilot return delivery of 2
containers
Outcomes:
• Establishment of most favorable conditions for road
shipments along the Silk Road;
• Encouragement for institutional reforms and economic
cooperation between the transit countries;
• Establishment of return shipments of export cargoes from
Afghanistan to Europe, using imported containers.
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
IRU Analytical Report
Currently IRU is preparing an Analytical Report
on the possibilities and prospects for
developing return shipments from Afghanistan.
It will include specific recommendations for the
Afghan Government, as well as for international
organisations, for the expansion of
international road haulage of export shipments
and the integration of Afghanistan into the
international transportation system.
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
6th Euro-Asian Road Transport
Conference
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
www.iru.org
Page 26
В© International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2011
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