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Introduction to Anatomy

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Course Introduction
пЃЉ Syllabus
пЃЉ Textbook, some special features:
 Concept checks
 Clinical briefs
 Glossary of key terms (p.826)
 Related clinical terms at EOC
 EOC Review questions: 3 levels
 Textbook website
пЃЉ Lab
book / ADAM
пЃЉ Lecture notes / class website
First Homework
пЂЄ
Send me an email!
bzingg@laspositascollege.edu
In Your Email:
Worth 3 pts.
1.
Name (if it doesn’t fully appear in your email
address)
2.
Phone number(s) for when I need to reach in
case of an emergency
3.
Level of computer use
•
•
Beginner, intermediate, expert
Computer at home - with or without Internet access?
4.
Professional goal(s)
5.
What grade you want
6.
Nickname to be used for posting grades
Ch 1: Introduction to Anatomy
Chapter Objectives
Define study of Anatomy
Identify the levels of organization
Understand anatomical and directional terminology to
be used during course
Review body cavities and lining membranes
Immerse yourself into the language of Anatomy
Anatomy (= to cut open)
Gross Anatomy
Microscopic
Anatomy
Developmental
Anatomy (study of first
2 months of development:
_?_)
Comparative
Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
Surface Anatomy (Ch 12)
Regional Anatomy (superficial and internal
features in specific area of body, e.g. head and neck....)
Systemic Anatomy (11 organ systems)
11 Organ systems
different organs work together to provide specialized functions

Body Coverings

Support & Movement

Integration & coordination

Transport

Absorption / Excretion

Reproduction
Microscopic Anatomy
Cytology (mostly EM pictures)
SEM
TEM
Histology
Anatomy at Different Scales (Metric Scale)
Fig 1.1
Levels of Organization:
COHN – 99.5%
99.9% =
See figs. 1.3 & 1.4
Anatomy & the Importance of a
Precise Vocabulary
Language of
Anatomy
based mostly
on . . . ?
Also Eponyms
(= ?)
Superficial Anatomy
Generally consider body in
Anatomical Position while studied
Two other positions: supine and prone
Anatomical Directions
Anterior vs. ?; medial vs. ?; superior vs. ? . . . Etc.
...
Proximal vs. distal
Anatomical
Regions:
Take words
apart!
In the clinic: Abdomino-pelvic Regions
Sectional Anatomy
3 sectional planes:
transverse ( or cross) section
frontal (or coronal) section
sagittal section (mid- and para-)
Fig 1.14
Body Cavities
Dorsal
Ventral
Clinical Discussion: Sectional
Anatomy and
Clinical Technology
Avoid “cutting open”
Computers integrate raw data
transmitted by electrical signals
Radiological procedures:
В» X-rays
В» CT
В» MRI
Traditional: X-rays
Since 1895
X-ray of skull
Radiodensity of
different tissues
Varies: Denser tissues
absorb more radiation
Disadvantage?
Best for bones and
some tumors and
tuberculosis nodules in
lungs
X-rays and
Contrast Medium
Use of
•heavy
elements
such as
_______,
•iodinated
molecules
etc.etc.
Clinical Discussion:
The visible Human
Produce series of sections in one
sectional plane at small intervals
Combine to reconstruct the 3-D object (serial reconstruction)
Allows for very exact analysis of complex structures
Male sectioned at 1 mm intervals,
female at 0.33 mm intervals.
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