Anatomy of a Citation Or Everything You Need To Know About Citation In One Easy Lesson вЂњThe central function of a legal citation is to allow the reader to efficiently locate the cited source .вЂќ BLUEBOOK (18th ed.), p. 2 When to use citations пЃ¬ To point to authority for a legal or factual argument or proposition пЃ¬ To point to the source of a quotation пЃ¬ When restating holdings, facts, or ideas пЃ¬ To provide supplementary material Citations to Cases вЂ“ Rule 10 пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Name of the parties Published source(s) in which case appears Page on which the case begins Pinpoint citation, if needed Court Date Subsequent history, if any (Rule B5.1.5) Party Names (T.6 & T.10) пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Roe v. Wade, Heard v. Herald Newspapers, State v. Thompson, Jackson v. Metropolitan Edison Co., In re Winship, Volume Number & Reporter Abbreviation (T.1 & T.2) пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ 410 U.S. (United States Reports) 132 F.2d (Federal Reporter) 45 F. Supp. (Federal Supplement) 380 S.E.2d (South Eastern Reporter) 21 U.S. (8 Wheat) (early US reporter) Pinpoint cites пЃ¬ 369 U.S. 186, 195 пЃ¬ 784 F.2d 1209, 1215-16 пЃ¬ 769 F.2d 195, 196, 199 n.4 пЃ¬ 492 F.2d 150, 150 Case citations in the text пЃ¬ In Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York, 366 N.E.2d 1271 (N.Y. 1977), the court applied a version of the diminution in value rule. Parenthetical Date and Court пЃ¬ Date is the year of decision. вЂ“ пЃ¬ No court designation is given if the court is clear from the name of the reporter . вЂ“ пЃ¬ (1978). 410 U.S. 113 (1973). Add court designation if not clear from name of the reporter. вЂ“ 132 F.2d 1059 (5th Cir. 1996). Short Forms вЂ“ Rule 10.9 пЃ¬ Once a full citation is given, short forms may be used IF вЂ“ it will be clear to the reader; вЂ“ the full citation is in the same general discussion; and вЂ“ the reader can locate the full citation quickly. Examples of Short Forms пЃ¬ United States v. Calandra, 414 U.S. 338, 343 (1974). вЂ“ Calandra, 414 U.S. at 343. вЂ“ 414 U.S. at 343. вЂ“ Id. at 343. Use of Id. - Rule 4.1 пЃ¬ Use id. when citing the immediately preceding authority. пЃ¬ Only use id. if there is no possibility of confusion. That is, if there are two sources in the preceding reference, donвЂ™t use id., use a short form that identifies the source. Citations to Statutes вЂ“ Rule 12 пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Volume, title or chapter number Abbreviation of code or compilation Section number Publisher, editor or compiler Date Supplements Abbreviations (T.1 & T.2) пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ U.S.C. - United States Code U.S.C.S. - United States Code Service U.S.C.A. - United States Code Annotated S.C. Code Ann. - South Carolina Code Annotated Section Numbers пЃ¬ 12 U.S.C. В§ 1455 пЃ¬ Tex. Fam. Code Ann. В§ 5.01 пЃ¬ S.C. Code Ann. В§ 16-3-220 пЃ¬ Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 5, В§ 37 Publisher, Editor or Compiler пЃ¬ No publisher needed for official codes published by governmental entity. вЂ“ пЃ¬ 42 U.S.C.В§ 300a-7 (2000). Provide publisher for official and unofficial codes published commercially. вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ 42 U.S.C.A. В§ 300a-7 (West 1998). 42 U.S.C.S. В§ 300a-7 (Lexis 2002). S.C. Code Ann. В§ 26-1-10 (West 2000) . Date пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Year that appears on the spine Year that appears on the title page Latest copyright year Year of replacement volume, not original Material found in supplement вЂ“ пЃ¬ 42 U.S.C.A. В§ 300a-7 (West Supp. 2005). Material found in main volume & supplement вЂ“ 42 U.S.C.A. В§ 300a-7 (West 1998 & Supp. 2005). Preferred sources for statutes пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Current official code - 42 U.S.C. В§ 1983 (2000). Current unofficial code - 5 U.S.C.A. В§ 101 (West 2004). Official session laws - 83 Stat. 852 (1970). Privately published session laws вЂ“ пЃ¬ 2004 Minn. Sess. Law Serv., ch. 162, art. 1 (West). Secondary source вЂ“ Social Security Amendments of 1983, Pub. L. No. 98-21, 51 U.S.L.W. 203 (1983). Court and litigation documents - Rule B10 (BT.1) пЃ¬ Plaintiff was driving a blue, late-model sports car. (Compl. В¶ 21.) пЃ¬ (Trial Tr. Vol. 2, 31, June 19, 2004) Books & Treatises вЂ“ Rule 15 пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Author Editor or translator Title Page, section or paragraph Edition Publisher Date Examples пЃ¬ Harold W. Fuson, Jr., TELLING IT ALL: A LEGAL GUIDE TO THE EXERCISE OF FREE SPEECH 57-58 (1995). пЃ¬ Charles Dickens, BLEAK HOUSE 50 (Norman Page, ed., Penguin Books 1971)(1853). 4 Charles Alan Wright & Arthur R. Miller, FEDERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE В§1006 (2nd ed. 1987). пЃ¬ Consecutively paginated journals - Rule 3 (T.10 & T.13) пЃ¬ Richard A. Epstein, The Supreme Court, 1987 Term вЂ“ Foreword: Unconstitutional Conditions, State Power, and the Limits of Consent, 102 HARV. L. REV. 4 (1988). пЃ¬ Stephen D. Sugarman, Using Private Schools to Promote Public Values, 1991 U. CHI. LEGAL F. 171. Electronic media & non-print sources вЂ“ Rule 18 пЃ¬ Cases available only online вЂ“ пЃ¬ Statutory material вЂ“ пЃ¬ Gibbes v. Frank, No. 02-3924, 2004 U.S. App. LEXIS 21357, at *18 (3rd Cir. Oct 14, 2004). Wis. Stat. Ann. В§ 19.43 (West, Westlaw through 1995 Act 26). Internet вЂ“ Am. Mining Cong. v. U.S. Army Corps of EngвЂ™rs, No. CIV.A. 931754 SSH (D.D.C. Jan. 23, 1997), available at http://www.wetlands.com/fed/tulloch1.htm. вЂњThe index is your friend.вЂќ S. Etheredge пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Less than half of the Bluebook is devoted to rules & examples. Use the aids provided. вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ Table of contents Index Tables Deciphering a strange citation пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Bluebook tables BeiberвЂ™s Dictionary of Legal Citations BeiberвЂ™s Dictionary of Legal Abbreviations When all else fails, ask the author for a copy. Finally пЃ¬ пЃ¬ The Bluebook doesnвЂ™t cover everything. Analogize. вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Issue: You need to cite an unusual source. Rule: There is no rule that applies exactly. Application: Synthesize a rule by analogy. Conclusion: Construct your own citation. Remember the central function of citation. Be consistent. How does one cite this? пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ The Detainee Treatment Act of 2005 has been passed twice, apparently, in two different defense appropriations bills Pub. L. 109-148, 119 Stat. 2680 (Dec. 30, 2005) Pub. L. 109-163, 119 Stat. 3136 (Jan. 6, 2006) вЂ“ I would just cite the most recent version.