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Anatomy and Physiology of Human Movement

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Ankle and Foot Joint
Anatomy and Physiology of
Human Movement
420:050
Ankle and Foot Joints
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Complex
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26 bones
~ 30 joints
> 20 muscles
Simplification
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Tarsals
Extrinsic muscles only
9 joints
Objectives
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1. Be able to identify the bones of the ankle and foot
joints.
2. Be able to identify the joints of the ankle and foot
3. Be able to identify the landmarks of the lower tibia
and lower fibula
4. Be able to identify and describe the movements of
the ankle and foot joints
5. Be able to identify and describe the general
attachments (distal/proximal), and movements of the
ankle joint muscles
Ankle and Foot Joint Bones
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Tibia
Fibula
Talus
Calcaneus
Tarsals (5)
Metatarsals (5)
Proximal phalanges (5)
Middle phalanges (4)
Distal phalanges (5)
Calcaneus
Tibia
Tarsals
Fibula
Metatarsals
Interosseus
membrane
Talus
Proximal phalanges
Middle phalanges
Distal phalanges
Objectives
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1. Be able to identify the bones of the ankle and foot
joints
2. Be able to identify the joints of the ankle and foot
3. Be able to identify the landmarks of the lower tibia
and lower fibula
4. Be able to identify and describe the movements of
the ankle and foot joints
5. Be able to identify and describe the general
attachments (distal/proximal), and movements of the
ankle joint muscles
Ankle and Foot Joints
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Talocrural joint (ankle)
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Subtalar joint
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Transverse tarsal joints
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Intertarsal joints
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Tarsometatarsal joints
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Metatarsophalangeal joints
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Proximal interphalangeal
joints
 Little toes – Uniaxial
hinge
Distal interphalangeal joints
 Little toes – Uniaxial
hinge
Interphalangeal joint
 Big toe – Uniaxial hinge
Talocrural joint
Plantar/dorsiflexion
Sagittal, ML axis
Subtalar joint
Eversion/inversion
Frontal plane AP axis
Transverse tarsal joints
Intertarsal joints
Tarsometatarsal joints
Metatarsophalangeal joints
Proximal interphalangeal joints
Distal interphalangeal joints
Interphalangeal joint
Objectives
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1. Be able to identify the bones of the ankle and foot
joints
2. Be able to identify the joints of the ankle and foot
3. Be able to identify the landmarks of the lower tibia
and lower fibula
4. Be able to identify and describe the movements of
the ankle and foot joints
5. Be able to identify and describe the general
attachments (distal/proximal), and movements of the
ankle joint muscles
Bony Landmarks
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Lateral malleolus
Medial malleolus
Objectives
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1. Be able to identify the bones of the ankle and foot
joints
2. Be able to identify the joints of the ankle and foot
3. Be able to identify the landmarks of the lower tibia
and lower fibula
4. Be able to identify and describe the movements of
the ankle and foot joints
5. Be able to identify and describe the general
attachments (distal/proximal), and movements of the
ankle joint muscles
Ankle and Foot Joint
Movements
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Flexion/Extension
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Inversion/Eversion
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Talocrural joint (plantar/dorsiflexion)
Proximal interphalangeal joints
Distal interphalangeal joints
Interphalangeal joint
Metatarsophalangeal joints (Biaxial B+S)
Subtalar joint
Transverse tarsal joints
Abduction/Adduction/Circumduction
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Metatarsophalangeal joints (Biaxial B+S)
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