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Democratic Reforms of the 19th Century

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Agenda 12-10
• BW – Vocab IN NOTES - Constitutional
Monarchy, Suffrage, Parliament, Zionism
• Housekeeping.
• CW – Notes Democratic Reforms
• CW 2 – Democracy Chart
• TOTD – Answer EQ in detail
• HW –Finish Chart, do CH 26 recap
• Quote of The Day - All wealth is the
product of labor. - John Locke
Housekeeping
• DO NOT ASK ABOUT MARKING PERIOD
GRADES. THEY WILL BE SHARED
WEDNESDAY
• New Tardy Policy
• Presentations – Feedback given
Wednesday, students present FRIDAY
EQ: What were some of the
Democratic Reforms of the
19th Century?
Britain Expands Democracy
Traditional Government
• Const. monarchy since -1662
A Severely Limited Democracy
• In the early 1800s, vote limited to men with
substantial property
• Women could not vote at all; upper
classes (5%) run the government
Democratic Progress
• The Enlightenment, industrialization, and
political revolutions encouraged political
reform in Great Britain
• The increase in education during
industrialization forced a change in gov’t.
• Working class, women, & colonists all
wanted a voice in gov’t
• British land owners feared rebellion so
they decided to share the power
Britain Enacts Reforms
The Reform Bill of 1832
• 1832 bill gives middle class suffrage—
the right to vote
• gave urban areas representation in
Parliament
Also gives thriving new industrial cities
more representation
Reforms Chartist Movement
• Chartist movement—expands suffrage
and reform politics
• Suffrage for all men, secret vote,
• Parliamentary reforms
– no land requirement
– salaries for Members of Parliament
• Parliament at first rejects, but eventually
adopts, Chartist goals
The Victorian Age
• Queen Victoria—rules for 64 years at
height of British power
• Loses power to Parliament, especially
House of Commons
• Government run almost completely by
prime minister, cabinet
France
• The Third Republic
• emerges after the Franco-Prussian War
• France changes governments repeatedly
after Franco-Prussian War
• Formed in 1875, lasts 60 years
The Dreyfus Affair
• Dreyfus affair—spy controversy over
Jewish officer in French army
• Anti-Semitism—prejudice against Jews,
strong in much of Europe
• Government eventually declares Captain
Alfred Dreyfus innocent
• The Rise of Zionism—movement for
Jewish homeland—grows after Dreyfus
affair
EQ: What were some of the
Democratic Reforms of the
19th Century?
Britain Expands Democracy
British Colonies
• Canada, New Zealand, & Australia all
were made dominions (given home rule)
because culturally they were very similar
to the British
• Ireland, South Africa, & India also had
movements for home rule but the British
refused to give them independence,
ETHNOCENTRISM/RACISM
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