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Great Britain

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Society and Cultures of Major
English-Speaking Countries
Yang Qian
College of Foreign Languages
Shenyang University
April 2012
Lead in --- Q&A
Royal
Family
Empire
Birth
place
Native
Language
taken
as
the
global
the
happy
ending
oflanguage
theHarry
fairy
tale
Shakespeare
and
Porter
Which
nation
we’re
going
to
talk
about?
on
which
the
sun
never
sets
spoken
Вј world
betweenbyprince
andpopulation
his princess.
Approaching the UK
Contents
1
Land & People
2
Education & Economy
3
Customs & Culture
Geographical Position
Great Britain is
situated in the
British Isles to
the North-West
of Europe.
Four Parts
Scotland
Northern Ireland
Wales
England
Official Names
The United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland.
The UK
English?
Scottish?
Welsh?
Irish?
England
Scotland
Great Britain
Wales
Northern Ireland
British/Britons
National Symbols
пЃ¶National flag: the
Union Jack.
пЃ¶Three crosses:
St. George
St. Andrew
St. Patrick
National Symbols
National Anthem:
God save the queen/king
God save our gracious
Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen:
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us:
God save the Queen.
National Emblem
God and my right
Climate
cool, wet, cloudy
temperate maritime
North Atlantic Drift
plenty of rainfall
humidity & fog
London: The Capital of GB
Swiss Re Tower
Tower Bridge
Lloyd’s building
Buckingham Palace
People
пЃ¶British Characteristics
 Gentleman Manners
 Six Senses
пЃ¶British Celebrities
A Typical British?
пЃ¶Ladies and Gentlemen
British Characteristics
Trust
Superi
-ority
Irony
A
Sense
of
Duty
Great
1/5
volunteer
and
charity
a empire
time
and
a
Tolerance
and
an
ToThere
manage
the
country
Good
forisbody,
mind
and
Class
system
place
for
everything
instinct
for
compromise
and
life
spirit
Example
They Stand
just know
they’re
in line
Example
no written
theConstitution
best
Gentlemen’s
agreement
Uniforms
Japan
Order
Fair
Play
Manners makyth man
Guess
Key Words For British
practical
superior
honest
polite
stubborn
tolerant
conservative
humorous
Education & Economy
пЃ¶Education
 The Purpose
 The definition of “Public Schools”
 Education System
пЃ¶Economy
 Currency
 Brief Introduction
 Three Sectors
Education
пЃ¶ The purpose
 The three R’s
пЃ® to socialise
writing
arithmetic
пЃ® practical skills
пЃ® the values and rules
пЃ® to participate in the community
пЃ® to contribute to the economic prosperity
reading
Public Schools
пЃ¶Compulsory Education
пЃ¶the ages of 5 to 16
пЃ¶State schools / Private schools
The famous boys’ public school
пЃ¶Eton / Winchester
Education System
пЃ¶Pre-primary schooling (up to age 5)
nursery schools пјЊday care or play groups
пЃ¶Primary schooling (5-11, 6 years)
mainly state sector
co-educational
mixed primary schools
3. Secondary Schooling (11– 19 )
Comprehensive schools
Then after graduated they can
1пј‰quit school
2пј‰prepare to sit university entrance exams
3пј‰concentrate on vocational training
Grammar schools
11-plus
4. Higher Education
пЃ¶only one privately funded university:
the University of Buckingham
пЃ¶oldest universities:
Oxford (12th C.) and Cambridge (13th C.)
* Bachelor Degree
Master Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
The university of Oxford
Academic Year
пЃ¶The school year is 39 weeks long and is
divided into three terms:
Sep , Jan , April
пЃ¶School Holidays:
The main summer holiday is from mid-July
to early September. Children also have 2
weeks holiday at Christmas and at Easter.
Economy --- brief introduction
dominant
By the 1880s
overtaken
By 1900
second to the US
From 1945 until the present
by the US
&Germany
Three Sectors
Primary industries: agriculture, fishing, and mining
Secondary industries: manufacture complex goods
from primary products
Tertiary industries: banking, insurance, tourism and
selling of goods
often described as services
Agricultural Sector
Britain’s agricultural sector is small but efficient,
Producing 58% of the UK’s food needs with only 2%
of its workforce.
Energy production is an important part of the UK
economy, accounting for 5% of The national wealth.
Great Britain has abundant supplies of coal, oil, and
natural gas. The country is self-sufficient in
petroleum.
Secondary Sector
manufacturing industry
producing 22% of national wealth
(Rolls—Royce)
Tertiary industries
70% of the UK’s workforce are employed in the service sector
London is one of the top three financial centers in the world
The London Stock Exchange
Currency : Great British pound (GBP)
A 20 pound note
Head
Queen Elizabeth II
Tail
The Statue of Shakespeare
New PennyпјЊ1пїЎ=100 new pence
1 penny Head
Tail
Customs and Culture
пЃ¶Culture
 Dos & Don’ts
 Typical Food & Drink
пЃ¶Customs
 Public Holidays
 Main Events
Dos & Don’ts
пЃ¶Greeting
пЃ¶Weather talk
пЃ¶Space invader
пЃ¶Thank you & sorry
пЃ¶First name
пЃ¶Lady first
The ox and the cow are in the field.
A Lady First Quiz
пЃ¶Enter a room or restaurant
пЃ¶Get off a car or taxi
пЃ¶Go out of a concert hall
пЃ¶Walk along the street
пЃ¶Seat
пЃ¶In danger
Dos & Don’ts
пЃ¶Drive on the left
пЃ¶Smoking ban
пЃ¶Jump the queue
пЃ¶bargain
Dos & Don’ts
пЃ¶Superstition
 Sneezes & “God bless you”
 Never walk under ladders
 thirteen / Friday the thirteenth of March
 Opening an umbrella inside the house
Typical Food & Drink
No.1 Fish and Chips
Potato is the main dish
пЃ¶
No.2 Tea
пЃ¶The entire British empire build up on tea.
“I’ll put the kettle on.”
пЃ¶Milk or sugar?
Afternoon Tea
First plate: tea sandwich
Second plate: scone
Third plate: cakes and
pastries
Eating habits
пЃ¶Breakfast-fast
пЃ¶Lunch-simple
 Brunch= breakfast + lunch on weekends
пЃ¶Supper/dinner-formal
пЃ¶Pasta & Pizza
Things you should do
пЃ¶If you are a guest, it is polite to wait until your
host starts eating or indicates you should do so.
It shows consideration.
пЃ¶You may eat chicken and pizza with your
fingers if you are at a barbecue, finger buffet or
very informal setting. Otherwise always use a
knife and fork.
пЃ¶When you have finished eating, and to let others
know that you have, place your knife and folk
together, with the prongs (tines) on the fork
facing upwards, on your plate.
Things you should not do
пЃ¶Never lick or put your knife in your mouth.
пЃ¶It is impolite to have your elbows on the table
while you are eating.
пЃ¶It is impolite to put too much food in your mouth.
пЃ¶Never blow your nose on a napkin (serviette).
Napkins are for dabbing your lips and only for
that.
Public Holidays & Special Events
Bank holidays
 New Year’s Day
 Easter Monday
 Christmas Day
 Boxing Day
Christian Festivals
Christmas: the biggest and the most
popular British holiday celebrated on
December 25th each year to commemorate
the birth of Jesus Christ.
Three typical British traditions on Christmas
are: the Christmas Pantomime, the Queen’s
speech over the television and radio, and
the Boxing Day.
Decorating a Christmas tree
Remembrance Day in Britain
пЃ¶on 11 November / Poppy Day
пЃ¶Two minute silence
пЃ¶at war memorials and churches
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