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The system of secondary education in Russia and in the Great Britain.

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THE SYSTEM OF
SECONDARY EDUCATION
IN RUSSIA AND IN THE
GREAT BRITAIN.
The theme of my project is called:
"The system of secondary
education in Russia and in the
UK." Now this is a very hot topic.
Each student and his parents are
thinking, where to learn better and
where more opportunities to be
successful in future . I wanted to
sort out this problem and to
understand where the education is
better and how children learn
abroad.
The project leader : Avdeeva Tatiana Petrovovna.
The project did : Sheina Elizaveta 8 «А».
The urgency of my theme.
Now this theme is very up-to-date because one day
every child has to go to school to become clever
and well-educated. Growing up we began thinking
about our future life and what type of school would
be better for us. I am fond of learning languages
especially English. One day the question was set for
me where to go to study: to continue my education
in Russia or to go abroad in Great Britain. To decide
it I need to find out and compare these two
educational systems.
 .
The purpose of the project:
•Conduct a comparative analysis of the content
of secondary education in Russia and in the UK.
The project’s problems:
•Description of the structure of secondary
education in the UK.
•Description of the structure of secondary education
in Russia.
•Identify the advantages and disadavantages of
education in Russia and in the UK.
•Conclusion.
27%
59%
14%
What good sides of Russian
education can you name?
 Don’t know exactly.
пЃ¶ Having passed the entrance
exams well you’ve got an opportunity
to have free high education.
 There are no good sides, I’m
going to continue my education
abroad.
4%
32%
64%
The modern system of
education in the UK.
Divided into:
�Pre-school education.(3–5 years)
пѓ�Primary education.( 5-11 years)
пѓ�Secondary education(11-18 years)
пѓ�Higher education.(after 18 )
Primary education.
 At the age of 5 to 11 years children study at
primary school. All subjects are taught by one
teacher. The lesson lasts 15 to 45 minutes.
What subjects do they study?
33%
15%
12%
40%
Manual labor
and art
Physical
education
English
Other
пЃ¶
пЃ¶
95% of 5-11years-old go
to state-funded primary 1 0 0
schools,many of which
are still run by churches. 9 0
Like secondary students 8 0
they follow a National 7 0
Curriculum with
standardised tests at key6 0
stages every 2 years. 5 0
5% go to independent 4 0
free-paying school. Here
30
pupils may take the
20
Common Entrance
Examination set by the 1 0
independent secondary
0
schools.
Prim ary schools.
95%
Independent freepaying school.
5%
Secondary education.
Grammar School.
Combined School.
They are most widespread
In these schools children
schools. 90% of the students
receive general upper
study there. Combined schools
secondary education. The
basis of academic work on the were established with the aim of
creating equal opportunities for
principle of differentiated
education.
curriculum.
п‚ћ
п‚ћ
п‚ћ
п‚ћ
85% of 11-16 year –olds
go to Comprehensive
schools, which do not
select pupils by ability.
8% go to independent
fee-paying schools
which are also known as
public schools.
5% who pass go to
grammar schools.
2% who fail go to
secondary modern
schools and the rest to
comprehensive schools.
90
80
70
60
50
Table
40
30
20
10
0
8%
85%
2%
5%
Public schools.
Public schools - secondary
educational institutions that accept
children aged 8 to 18. Education is
free.
Private schools.
Private schools - well-equipped
school, owning several hundred
acres of land in the territory of
which the academic buildings are
located. Training is paid.
Secondary education in the UK.
The UK education system in
accordance with the
administrative division and
traditions is divided into three
subsystems:
• England and Wales,
• Northern Ireland
• Scotland.
Legislatively compulsory free education was
introduced for pupils to 16 years.
A system of compulsory education
covers children and adolescents from
5 to 16 years. The school year - 38
week. The year is divided into
trimesters, which are separated by
vacation:
• Summer (6 weeks)
• Christmas and Easter (2-3 weeks).
In the mid-trimester week break is
provided. School week usually lasts 5
days. The school day from 9:00 to
15:30 with lunch break and morning
prayers. There is a minimum number
of hours per week. School has the
discretion to increase the training load
week.
Education in Russia.
пЃ±Pre-school пЃ± Primary education.
пЃ±Incomplete
education.
Begins with the age
secondary
Gives children the basic
knowledge. Children
attend a garden with 2
years and 6 years.
of 6 and lasts for 4
years.
In secondary schools, high
schools, secondary schools
within 5 years.
пЃ±Complete secondary education.
On completion of training
in 10-11 grade, students
receive a Certificate of
Secondary Education and
have the right to enter a
university.
education.
пЃ±Higher Education.
Training in Russian schools in light
of the new reform begins at 6 years
and up to grade 11.
Primary education.
Primary education - the first stage of
general education. In Russia, primary
education is compulsory and available to
everyone. The priority of primary education
is the formation of skills, level of
development which largely involves the
success of all subsequent learning.
The main objectives of primary education:
•The development of the students, their
creative abilities.
• Educating moral and esthetic senses.
• Development of systems of knowledge
and skills.
• Protection and promotion of physical and
psychological health.
Secondary education.
At the age of 10, children
go to secondary school, in
which training lasts 5
years.
At 15 years they finish this
level and receive a
certificate of general
secondary education.
Lyceum education.
Lyceum - the type of secondary
or higher education institution.
The name "Lyceum" take some
high schools with in-depth study
of the subject of a specific
profile.
Today lyceum education
develops first of all at schools
with the physical and
mathematical bias which activity
is initiated by universities and
technical high schools.
Gymnasium.
Gymnasiums in
Russia are mainly
state schools for
children of 6 till 18 who
have a grate
motivation for getting
knowledge, as well as
other types of schools
represent an
opportunity to continue
education at
universities.
The system of secondary
education in Russia.
Today's education system in Russia –
federal, centralized.
The school education maintenance in Russia
is a basis of educational system, and it is the
basic object of reforms and updating.
A system of compulsory
education covers children and
adolescents from 7 to 18 years.
The school year - 34 weeks. The
year is divided into trimesters and
quarters, which are separated by
vacation:
• Summer ( 3 month)
• Christmas and Easter (2 weeks)
• Spring (1 week )
• Autumn (1 week)
School week usually lasts 5 - 6
days. The school day from 9:00 to
14:50 or from 8:30 to 14:30 with
lunch break.
Differences of education in
Russia and in the UK.
Russia
Modern system of
•Pre-school education. education include:
•Primary education.
•Incomplete secondary education.
•Complete secondary education
Year divided into:
•Higher education.
Great Britain
•Pre - school education
•Primary education.
•Secondary education.
•Higher education.
Trimesters and quarters, which are
Trimesters, which are separated by
separated by vacation:
vacation:
Summer ( 3 month)
Summer (6 weeks)
Christmas and Easter (2 weeks)
Christmas and Easter (2-3 weeks).
Spring (1 week )
Autumn (1 week)
Compulsory education starts:
7 years old.
5 years old.
School year:
38 weeks.
34 weeks
School week lasts:
5 days.
5-6 days.
School days lasts:
From 9:00 to 14:50 or from
8:30 to 14:30 with lunch
break.
Primary education.
From 9:00 to 15:30 with lunch break
and morning prayers.
The lesson lasts:
40-45 minutes
15-45 minutes
Type of schools:
Grammatical
Combined
-
After graduation primary schools children:
Pass exams .
Don't pass exams.
Similarities of education in
Russia and in the UK .
Russia.
Great Britain
The system of free secondary education for all children,
regarding to social status, national origin, operates throughout
the country.
Schools:
Municipal and private.
Primary education.
All subjects are taught by one teacher.
Secondary schools.
Public schools and Private schools
After graduation students pass exams
GCSE
RSE
Conclusion.
Comparing these two very different structures of education, I
realized that education in the UK it is better only because
after 9 of his class in British schools introduced the division
into specialized education. But at the present time in Russia,
some schools introduce specialized education after high
school.
That's why I think it's better to learn where you want and like,
because everything in our hands.
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