Chapter 22: Nationalism and Imperialism (1840 - 1914) 22.6 вЂ“ The Effect of Imperialism on Africa British Control in Africa вЂў Controlled nations of Sudan, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda вЂў 1900 вЂ“ took over Nigeria; 1909 вЂ“ took over South Africa вЂў Controlled the Suez Canal, which connected the Mediterranean and Red Seas вЂў Egypt was a British protectorate вЂ“ Protectorate - An independent country whose foreign policy is controlled by a major power French Empire in Africa вЂў Had largest European empire in Africa вЂ“Gained the respect of other countries that admired imperialism German Empire in Africa вЂў Colonies far apart and not rich вЂ“However, their military strength worried other European countries African Control from Other European Countries вЂў Spain and Portugal had oldest colonies вЂў Belgium had large empire in middle of Africa вЂў Italy tried to take over Ethiopia, but was defeated вЂ“Eventually controlled Tripoli (now Libya) in 1912 Imperialism Good or Bad? вЂў Europeans said good вЂ“Brought great improvements in health, transportation, and education to Africa and Asia вЂ“Introduced ideas of constitutional government вЂ“Brought jobs and industry to the colonies вЂў Colonial people said bad вЂ“Felt Europeans got more out of imperialism than them вЂ“Factories in Africa and Asia supplied cheap goods to Europe вЂ“People had no control over their government or natural resources European Treatment of Native People вЂў No respect вЂ“ tried to change religion, language, and way of life вЂ“ Led to a wave of nationalism among the people of Africa and Asia вЂў Europeans thought they were better than the native people of Africa and Asia вЂў Tried to take away the nativesвЂ™ heritage вЂ“ traditions passed down by ancestors 1. What colonies did Britain have in Africa? 2. What did France gain from its African empire? 3. What other European countries besides Britain, France, and Germany had colonies in Africa? 4. In what ways did imperialism help the colonized people in Africa? 5. Why did colonized people in Africa dislike imperialism? C.T.) Why would Europeans want Africans to give up their language, religion, and customs? Chapter 22 Review вЂ“ Identifying Facts Bismarck Cavour Garibaldi Great Britain Japan Mazzini Meiji Napoleon III Prussia William I ___ was an Italian nationalist and the вЂњsoulвЂќ of Italian unity. ___ was a skilled politician and the вЂњbrainвЂќ of Italian unity. ___ was fine soldier and the вЂњswordвЂќ of Italian unity ___ was the Prussian prime minister who wanted to unite all the German states under PrussiaвЂ™s leadership. 5. The strongest German state was ___. 6. In the Battle of Sedan, Prussian soldiers captured ___ and 100,000 other prisoners. 7. The first kaiser of a united Germany was ___. 8. Emperor ___ began to make Japan a modern and powerful nation. 9. ___ controlled the colony of India. 10. ___ defeated Russia in 1904 and won control of Korea. 1. 2. 3. 4. Chapter 22 Review вЂ“ Comprehensive Review A nationвЂ™s warlike policy or practice is called ___. The love people have for their country is ___. Another name for a German emperor is ___. The control by a powerful nation of a weaker on is ___. Bismarck believed in ___ for Germany. What is imperialism? Which countries became imperial powers during the nineteenth century? 8. Do you agree or disagree with Bismarck that leaders must decide problems with вЂњblood and iron?вЂќ Explain your answer. 9. Do you believe imperialism was more a force for good or a force for evil? Explain your answer. 10. Why do you think Europeans gained control over Africa so easily? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.