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Chapter 22: Nationalism and Imperialism (1840

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Chapter 22:
Nationalism and
Imperialism
(1840 - 1914)
22.6 – The Effect of
Imperialism on Africa
British Control in Africa
• Controlled nations of Sudan, Nigeria,
Ghana, Kenya, and Uganda
• 1900 – took over Nigeria; 1909 – took
over South Africa
• Controlled the Suez Canal, which
connected the Mediterranean and Red
Seas
• Egypt was a British protectorate
– Protectorate - An independent country whose
foreign policy is controlled by a major power
French Empire in Africa
• Had largest European empire in Africa
–Gained the respect of other countries
that admired imperialism
German Empire in Africa
• Colonies far apart and not rich
–However, their military strength worried
other European countries
African Control from Other
European Countries
• Spain and Portugal had oldest
colonies
• Belgium had large empire in middle of
Africa
• Italy tried to take over Ethiopia, but
was defeated
–Eventually controlled Tripoli (now Libya)
in 1912
Imperialism Good or Bad?
• Europeans said good
–Brought great improvements in
health, transportation, and
education to Africa and Asia
–Introduced ideas of constitutional
government
–Brought jobs and industry to the
colonies
• Colonial people said bad
–Felt Europeans got more out of
imperialism than them
–Factories in Africa and Asia
supplied cheap goods to Europe
–People had no control over their
government or natural
resources
European Treatment of Native
People
• No respect – tried to change
religion, language, and way of life
– Led to a wave of nationalism among the
people of Africa and Asia
• Europeans thought they were better than
the native people of Africa and Asia
• Tried to take away the natives’ heritage –
traditions passed down by ancestors
1. What colonies did Britain have in Africa?
2. What did France gain from its African empire?
3. What other European countries besides
Britain, France, and Germany had colonies in
Africa?
4. In what ways did imperialism help the
colonized people in Africa?
5. Why did colonized people in Africa dislike
imperialism?
C.T.) Why would Europeans want Africans to give
up their language, religion, and customs?
Chapter 22 Review – Identifying Facts
Bismarck
Cavour
Garibaldi
Great Britain Japan
Mazzini
Meiji Napoleon III Prussia
William I
___ was an Italian nationalist and the “soul” of Italian unity.
___ was a skilled politician and the “brain” of Italian unity.
___ was fine soldier and the “sword” of Italian unity
___ was the Prussian prime minister who wanted to unite
all the German states under Prussia’s leadership.
5. The strongest German state was ___.
6. In the Battle of Sedan, Prussian soldiers captured ___ and
100,000 other prisoners.
7. The first kaiser of a united Germany was ___.
8. Emperor ___ began to make Japan a modern and powerful
nation.
9. ___ controlled the colony of India.
10. ___ defeated Russia in 1904 and won control of Korea.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Chapter 22 Review – Comprehensive Review
A nation’s warlike policy or practice is called ___.
The love people have for their country is ___.
Another name for a German emperor is ___.
The control by a powerful nation of a weaker on is ___.
Bismarck believed in ___ for Germany.
What is imperialism?
Which countries became imperial powers during the
nineteenth century?
8. Do you agree or disagree with Bismarck that leaders
must decide problems with “blood and iron?” Explain
your answer.
9. Do you believe imperialism was more a force for good
or a force for evil? Explain your answer.
10. Why do you think Europeans gained control over Africa
so easily?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
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