Chapter 14, Education пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ What Is Education? Illiteracy in the United States Insights From Foreign Education Systems Historical Factors Shaping The U.S. System of Public Education Chapter 14, Education пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Fundamental Characteristics of Contemporary American Education A Close Up View: The Classroom Environment The Social Context of Education Illiteracy in the United States Project in 1993 revealed that 35 to 38% of those studied could not: пЃ¬ Write a brief letter explaining an error on a credit card bill. пЃ¬ Identify information from a bar graph. пЃ¬ Use a calculator to find the difference between the regular price and the sale price of an item. High U.S. Dropout Rate: Factors пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ A college education is open to anyone regardless of previous educational failure. Only 1/3 of college graduates see a connection between their degree and their job description. Inequalities in learning opportunities affected by tracking, funding, family background and self-fulfilling prophecies. Why U.S. Is Not a World Leader in Education Compared with 30 countries in Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD): пЃ¬ U.S. teachers earn less in all but 3 countries, but spend more time in the classroom. пЃ¬ U.S. produces fewer college graduates with degrees in math and science. Why U.S. Is Not a World Leader in Education пЃ¬ пЃ¬ American 8th graders have lower scores and spend 66 more hours in the classroom. The U.S. college graduation rate at 33% is number five behind Finland, The Netherlands, New Zealand and Great Britain. Characteristics of Contemporary American Education пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Availability of college Lack of a uniform curriculum Funding that varies by state and community Belief that schools can be the vehicle for solving a variety of social problems Ambiguity of purpose and values. Rationales for Grouping Students by Ability пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Students learn better when they are grouped with those who learn at the same rate. Slow learners develop more positive attitudes when they do not have to compete with more academically capable students. Groups of students with similar abilities are easier to teach. Effects of Grouping Students by Ability пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Poor and minority students are placed disproportionately in the lower tracks. Overall, the average and low achieving groups, suffered low self-esteem, higher drop outs and more misbehavior.