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Chapter 14, Education

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Chapter 14, Education
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What Is Education?
Illiteracy in the United States
Insights From Foreign Education Systems
Historical Factors Shaping The U.S. System of
Public Education
Chapter 14, Education
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Fundamental Characteristics of Contemporary
American Education
A Close Up View: The Classroom Environment
The Social Context of Education
Illiteracy in the United States
Project in 1993 revealed that 35 to 38% of those
studied could not:
пЃ¬ Write a brief letter explaining an error on a
credit card bill.
пЃ¬ Identify information from a bar graph.
пЃ¬ Use a calculator to find the difference between
the regular price and the sale price of an item.
High U.S. Dropout Rate: Factors
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A college education is open to anyone
regardless of previous educational failure.
Only 1/3 of college graduates see a connection
between their degree and their job description.
Inequalities in learning opportunities affected
by tracking, funding, family background and
self-fulfilling prophecies.
Why U.S. Is Not a World Leader in
Education
Compared with 30 countries in Organization for
Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD):
пЃ¬ U.S. teachers earn less in all but 3 countries,
but spend more time in the classroom.
пЃ¬ U.S. produces fewer college graduates with
degrees in math and science.
Why U.S. Is Not a World Leader in
Education
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American 8th graders have lower scores and
spend 66 more hours in the classroom.
The U.S. college graduation rate at 33% is
number five behind Finland, The Netherlands,
New Zealand and Great Britain.
Characteristics of Contemporary
American Education
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Availability of college
Lack of a uniform curriculum
Funding that varies by state and community
Belief that schools can be the vehicle for
solving a variety of social problems
Ambiguity of purpose and values.
Rationales for Grouping Students
by Ability
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Students learn better when they are grouped
with those who learn at the same rate.
Slow learners develop more positive attitudes
when they do not have to compete with more
academically capable students.
Groups of students with similar abilities are
easier to teach.
Effects of Grouping Students by
Ability
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Poor and minority students are placed
disproportionately in the lower tracks.
Overall, the average and low achieving
groups, suffered low self-esteem, higher drop
outs and more misbehavior.
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