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chapter 11 25

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Chapter 11: Industry
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
See website for work due
3/26 Library Work on project
3/27 half band lecture
other Half of the band meet with
your team
Take out your notebooks for 3 slides
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
How did the Industrial Revolution
Usher in dramtic change for
Society?
• Industry: Brainstorm :
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Where is Industry Distributed?
• Origin of industry
– From cottage industries to the Industrial
Revolution
– Impact of the Industrial Revolution
especially great on iron, coal,
transportation, textiles, chemicals, and
food processing
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Diffusion of the Industrial Revolution
Close to railways and Waterways
How did transportation impact WesternEurope?
Figure 11-2
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why did the I.R begin In Great
Britain ?
• The Agricultural Revolution discussed earlier resulted
in increased food production and increased population
in England first.
• Population Growth, also discussed earlier, resulted in
more people from the countryside being freed up to
work for wages in the new cities,— and eventually
increased demand for products such as clothing.
• Financial Innovations—such as central banks, stock
markets, and joint stock companies—encouraged
people, especially in Northern Europe, to take risks with
investments, trade, and new technologies.
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
• The Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution encouraged
scholars and craftspeople to apply new scientific thinking to
mechanical and technological challenges
• Navigable Rivers and Canals in Great Britain quickened the pace
and cheapened the cost of transportation of raw materials and
finished products
• Coal and Iron deposits were plentiful in Great Britain and proved
essential to the development of all new machines made of iron or
steel and powered by coal—such as the steam-powered machinery
in textile factories, and the locomotive
• Government Policies in England toward property and commerce
encouraged innovation and the spread of global trade
• World Trade gradually increased in the centuries before the
Industrial Revolution and provided European countries access to
raw materials and a market for goods
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Open your note books Aim How does Industry affect our
Global Society?
Answer the question in your books
Why are MOST Industrial Regions located North of the
Equator?
Figure 11-3
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why is the Assembly Line a
Turning Point in History?
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Based on the Video Clip from
Yesterday
Positive and Negative effects of the
Industrial Revolution/ Assembly Line
on the Production of Food?
Pros
CONS
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why Are Situation Factors Important?
• Ship, rail, truck, or air? When would
we use these factors? Ex:
– The farther something is transported, the
lower the cost per km/mile
– Cost decreases at different rates for
each of the four modes
•
•
•
•
Truck = most often for short-distance travel
Train = used to ship longer distances (1 day +)
Ship = slow, but very low cost per km/mile
Air = most expensive, but very fast
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Banksy is a pseudonymous United Kingdombased graffiti artist, political activist, film
director, and painter. His satirical street art and
subversive epigrams combine dark humor with
graffiti executed in a distinctive stenciling
technique.
Sirens of the Lambs
Street Artist
Court St Brooklyn
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Food Incorporated
Meat/Agriculture Industry
• As you view the film bullet point the gist
• ( main ideas)
• Paper due 4/7 Food Incorporated : At least a
one page essay ( single spaced) What should
an individual/ or government or collective
action be taken to improve our food system?
• Choose a topic to discuss, slaughtering of
animals, fast food demand, deaths from
contaminated food, misleading labels, GMO
patents, Industrialization of the Food Industry
• USE YOUR AP HUMAN GEO TERMS
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Industrial Regions
Figure 11-3
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Industrial Areas in Europe
Figure 11-4
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Industrial Areas in North America
Figure 11-5
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Why Are Situation Factors Important?
• Proximity to inputs
– Bulk-reducing
industries
– Examples:
• Copper
• Steel
Figure 11-8
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why Are Situation Factors Important?
• Proximity to markets
– Bulk-gaining
industries
– Examples:
• Fabricated metals
• Beverage production
– Single-market
manufacturers
– Perishable products
Figure 11-10
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why Are Situation Factors Important?
• Ship, rail, truck, or air?
– The farther something is transported, the
lower the cost per km/mile
– Cost decreases at different rates for each
of the four modes
•
•
•
•
Truck = most often for short-distance travel
Train = used to ship longer distances (1 day +)
Ship = slow, but very low cost per km/mile
Air = most expensive, but very fast
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why Are Site Factors Important?
• Labor
– The most important site factor
– Labor-intensive industries
• Examples: textiles
– Textile and apparel spinning
– Textile and apparel weaving
– Textile and apparel assembly
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Cotton Yarn Production
Figure 11-16
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Woven Cotton Fabric Production
Figure 11-17
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Production of Women’s Blouses
Figure 11-18
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Why Are Site Factors Important?
• Land
– Rural sites
– Environmental
factors
• Capital
Figure 11-20
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why Are Location Factors Changing?
• Attraction of new industrial regions
– Changing industrial distribution within
MDCs
• Interregional shift within the United States
– Right-to-work laws
– Textile production
• Interregional shifts in Europe
– Convergence shifts
– Competitive and employment regions
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Changing U.S. Manufacturing
Figure 11-21
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Manufacturers of Men’s and Women’s
Socks and Hosiery
Figure 11-22
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European Union Structural Funds
Figure 11-23
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Why Are Location Factors Changing?
• Attraction of new industrial regions
– International shifts in industry
• East Asia
• South Asia
• Latin America
– Changing distributions
– Outsourcing
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
World Steel Production
Figure 11-24
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Global Production
Figure 11-25
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Apparel Production and Jobs in the
United States
Figure 11-26
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Why Are Location Factors Changing?
• Renewed attraction of traditional
industrial regions
– Proximity to skilled labor
• Fordist, or mass production
• Post-Fordist, or lean production
• Just-in-time delivery
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Electronic Computing Manufacturing
Figure 11-28
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Women’s and Girls’ Cut and Sew
Apparel Manufacturing
Figure 11-29
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
The End.
Up next: Services
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
Today
• Complete Food Inc
• See LMGHS Website for assignment due dates
• Due 4/7 Food Incorporated : At least a one page essay
( single spaced)) What should an individual/ or
government or collective action be taken to improve our
food system? Discuss one topic in detail animal rights,
legislation, GMO’s , Fast Food Demands, Food
Production Industry
** USE YOUR AP HUMAN GEO TERMS
Remainder of Band Meet with your team: Final research,
emailing each other your chosen topics, Your resolution is
YOUR OWN Point of View Power point with PICTURES
/captions
8-12 SLIDES PER GROUP
В© 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.
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