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Reforms in Great Britain

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24.1 Liberal Reforms in
Great Britian & Its
Empire
1800s - 1900s
Liberalism is Born
Industrial Revolution
Lots of money and power to Great Britain
Lots of problems and social inequalities
Belief that Enlightenment ideas and French
Revolution ideas are correct
Belief gov’t must support/protect individual
rights & civil liberties of individuals =
Liberalists are active!
Voting
as you know, since 1688 & the Glorious
Revolution, Parliment (not the monarchy)
ruled Great Britain.
Parliment made up of House of Lords and
House of Commons
House of Commons was supposed to
represent all British people
but, there were lots of restrictions on right to
vote and right to hold office
Liberalists are active!
Voting
voting was in the open (that is bad)
districts were not based on changes in
population (that is bad)
only men who owned lots of $ could be
elected into House of Commons (that is bad)
no Jews, Catholics, etc. could hold political
office (that is bad)
Liberalists are active!
Voting
voters protest - those in power don’t want to
reform or else it will end up like (gasp)....
French Revolution!
1829 Catholic Emancipation Act allows
Catholics to serve in Parliment (if they
recognize Protestantism is the religion of
England
Liberalists are active!
Voting
1832 Reform Bill -
took seats in House of Commons from less
populated areas and gave to industrial
areas
reduced property restrictions so now more
people could vote
middle class now had a voice in Great
Britain’s gov’t and in Parliment
Liberalists are active!
Voting
•resulted in birth of 2 major political parties
Liberal Party
Party
vs.
Conservative
Liberalists are active!
Social and Economic Change
Factory Act 1833 - reformed working conditions
of women and children
1833 Slavery abolished - no more slavery in any
British colony
1833 Public Education - beginnings of free
public education
1846 Corn Laws Repealed- lowered taxes on
corn - *first step towards free trade
Thanks to the liberal party!
Disraeli and Gladstone
Disraeli
Queen Victoria and Prime
Minister Benjamin Disraeli
(Conservative) now secret voting ballot
all men can vote (no more
property requirements)
salaries for members of
Parliment so now workers
can afford to enter politics
Disraeli
Queen Victoria and Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli (Conservative) got control of Suez Canal
secured control of India for Great Britain
Gladstone
Queen Victoria and Prime
Minister William Gladstone
(Liberal)
Education Act of 1870 public education for all
children
begin use of secret ballot
redrew districts so more
accurately represent
population
Gladstone
Queen Victoria and Prime
Minister William Gladstone
(Liberal)
Failed on “Irish Question”
1801 Act of Union made Ireland part of
Great Britain but they did not have
representation in Parliment
policies caused bad economics in
Ireland
famine
massive migration to US
Reforms of Early 1900s
1905 Liberal Party born in England. Want social reform
Want old age pensions, health insurance,
unemployment insurance.
need to tax the wealthy more to pay for this
Parliment Act of 1911 - took away right of veto from
House of Lords. Taxes raised. Some programs created
Reforms of Early 1900s
Women’s suffrage - right to vote. Emmeline
Pankurst began the mov’t
Right to vote won after World War I
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