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Education I

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英语国家概况
Guide to English-Speaking Countries
The United
Kingdom of Great
Britain and
Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland
Chapter 5
Education, Media and Holiday
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CONTENT
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
I
Education
II
Media
III
Holidays and Festivals
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
I
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Education
Educational Policy
Educational System
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Educational Policy
пЃ¶ Compulsory education for all children between
the ages of 5 and 16
пЃ¶ Comprehensive schools introduced in the
1960s
пЃ¶ National Curriculum introduced in 1988
пЃ¶ Four stages:
primary
secondary
further education
higher education
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Educational System
пЃ¶Elementary and Secondary Education
Two parallel school systems:
• State system:11-year compulsory education
• Independent system—Public schools
 “sixth form” (2 years)
пЃ¶Higher Education
пЃ¶Famous Universities
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Elementary and Secondary Education
пЃ¶ Two parallel school system:
State system—local authority maintained 94%
•(Free to all children between the ages of 5—16)
Independent system—Public schools 6%
•(Parents pay for their children's education)
пЃ¶ National curriculum:
Compulsory in state school
Optional in independent school
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Elementary and Secondary Education
State System
 state system—11-year compulsory education
 5-11: primary schools (co-educational/ mixed
schools)
 11-16: secondary schools
(90% are comprehensive schools)
GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education)
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Elementary and Secondary Education
State System (Cont.)
 “sixth form” (2 years)
 A-levels (General Certificate of Education—Advanced)
—for universities admittances
 GNVQs (General National Vocational Qualifications)
—for vocational training
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Elementary and Secondary Education
Independent System
пЃ¶ the most famous
— Eton, Harrow and Winchester
пЃ¶ 6 percent of all British children
пЃ¶ A privilege for the rich
 Better funded
 Better teachers
 Better facilities
 Better chance to enter famous universities
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Eton
пЃ¶ The royal family thinks the school is
just the place for Wills. In this selfcontained world, titles confer no
privileges, and the prince is probably
not the only boy with a bodyguard.
Foreign leaders’ children and scions
(е­ђе­™) of Greek shipping magnates
bring them along too. "William is as
near to normal at Eton as someone in
his position wont to be. Many people
there are richer than he is. There are
many people whose family
relationships are even more complex
than his."
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
Prince William
Eton
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Higher Education
пЃ¶ Recruitment base on:
 Grades of AS, A-levels, GNVQs
 School references
 Interview
пЃ¶ Mostly funded by central government
grants
 Except Buckingham University
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Higher Education (Cont.)
пЃ¶ Buckingham University
is the only privatelyfinanced university in UK,
where students can finish
3 years’ courses in two
years, and its curriculum
changes flexibly according
to market demands
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Higher Education (Cont.)
Q. What’s the difference between time
range required for degrees in British higher
education system and the time range in
Chinese higher education system?
Degrees Awarded
Time range
required in UK
Time range
required in China
B.A. / B.S.
3 years
4 years
M.A. / M.S.
1 or 2 years
2 or 3 years
Doctoral degree
3 to 5 years
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
3 to 5 years
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Famous Universities
Top 10 Britain University in 2007
1. University of Cambridge
2. University of Oxford
3. Imperial College (London)
4. London School of Economics
5. University of St. Andrews
6. University College London
7. University of Bristol
8. University of Warwick
9. University of Bath
10. University of Durham
剑桥大学
牛津大学
帝国学院(伦敦)
伦敦政治经济学院
圣安德鲁斯大学
伦敦大学学院
布里斯�大学
华威大学
巴斯大学
达勒姆大学
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Famous Universities (Cont.)
пЃ¶ Oxford University and Cambridge University
are sometimes referred to collectively as
Oxbridge.
Oxford Crest
Cambridge Crest
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Famous Universities (Cont.)
The Mathematical Bridge
(at Queens’ College, Cambridge University )
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Cambridge’s contributions to Science
Many of the most important scientific discoveries and
revolutions were made by Cambridge alumni [ж ЎеЏ‹].
These include:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Understanding the scientific method, by Francis Bacon
The laws of motion, by Sir Isaac Newton
The discovery of the electron, by J. J. Thomson
The unification of electromagnetism, by James Clerk Maxwell
The discovery of hydrogen, by Henry Cavendish
Evolution by natural selection, by Charles Darwin
The Turing machine, the basis of modern computers, by Alan
Turing
8. The structure of DNA, by Francis Crick and James D. Watson
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
II
Media
Newspapers
Television and Broadcast
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Newspapers
пЃ¶ Long established industry
 The Observer (first appeared in 1791)
—still published every Sunday
—the world’s oldest national newspaper
 The Times (first published in 1785)
—the Britain’s oldest daily newspaper
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Newspapers (Cont.)
Two categories
 The “quality press” or “broadsheets”
 “Big Three”
• The Times—in-depth article, well-educated
audience
• The Guardian—left wing
• The Daily Telegraph
 The “tabloids”
 Scandal and gossip
• The News of the World
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Television and Broadcast
пЃ¶ The British Broadcasting Corporation
(BBC) 1936
пЃ¶ Independent Television (ITV) 1955
пЃ¶ Sky TV 1989
пЃ¶ British Satellite Broadcasting
BSkyB 1990
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
III
Holidays and Festivals
Trooping the Color
Easter
Christmas
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Christmas
пЃ¶ Celebration of the birth of
Jesus Christ
пЃ¶ Exchanging gifts and
Christmas cards
пЃ¶ Preparing holiday foods
пЃ¶ Decorating homes and
workplaces with colored
lights, Christmas trees and
ornaments
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Easter
пЃ¶ The oldest and most important Christian festival
пЃ¶ Commemorates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ
three days after his Crucifixion
пЃ¶ Falls on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25
пЃ¶ Easter eggs, Easter bunny
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Trooping the Color
пЃ¶ The second Saturday in June (the
Queen’s birthday is officially
celebrated)
пЃ¶ The ceremony of the Queen
inspecting her troops
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
Bonfire Night
пЃ¶ A national festival on
November 5
пЃ¶ Historical event celebrated:
In November 1605, the
gunpowder plot took place
in which some Catholics
plotted to blow up the
English Parliament and King
James I.
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
Bonfire Night
A Guide to
English-Speaking
Countries
пЃ¶Celebration:
Light huge bonfire
Let off fireworks
Burn an effigy (homemade
model of a man, like a scarecrow)
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press
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