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England’s Glorious Revolution

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England’s Glorious
Revolution
World History
Basic Idea: In the 1600s, the English people
begin to clash with their kings, who wish to have
unlimited (absolute) power. Through a series of
events, the British force their king to concede (give
in) to ruling alongside the Parliament (like the US
Congress)
Elizabeth I dies in 1603 with no
direct heir, the Stuarts of Scotland
are the closest relatives she has…
James I (1603-25)
Believed that he was divinely (by God)
chosen to rule Great Britain
пЃ° Did not get along with Parliament, who
liked Elizabeth I
пЃ° Religious tensions caused the migration of
Puritans to New England
пЃ°
Charles I (son of James I; 16251649)
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
Increased tensions with Parliament
Signed the Petition of Right (likely to please Parliament)
пЃ® King could not: keep a standing army, force martial (military)
law, imprison people for no reason, tax people without
Parliament’s consent, or dissolve Parliament without its
consent.
Continued fights with Parliament resulted in English Civil War.
Charles and Royalist Army lose, Charles is beheaded
This is a very dark time in England, when the people take the
power into their own hands.
Oliver Cromwell (1649-1658; 16581660 son reigns)
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
Military leader of the Parliament
Establishes a commonwealth
Became “Lord-Protector” of England
Advanced religious tolerance
Very severe lifestyle – “Spartan” (took away fun
stuff – games, plays)
Son rules after his death, but is a poor leader
Charles II (son of Charles I; 16601685)
Parliament is disbanded and reelected;
invite Charles II (Charles I’s son) to be
king
пЃ° Much rejoicing, all the fun stuff returns
Church of England restored, P. passes
Habeas Corpus Act, which prevents unjust
or wrongful imprisonment of persons.
пЃ°
James II (brother of
Charles II; 1685-1688)
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
пЃ°
James’s second wife was Italian and Catholic and tried to
restore Catholicism in England
Had a son, which would ensure an heir to the throne and
possibly a reign of Catholic Kings, which makes Parliament
and English nervous!
Parliament invites his daughter, Mary and her husband
William of Orange (Holland).
James abdicates (steps down) and flees to France (to
buddy Louis XIV)
Dubbed the Glorious Revolution for
the bloodless overthrow of the
monarchy.
Effects
пЃ°
Later, Enlightenment thinkers would look
back on these events, like the English Civil
War and Glorious Revolution and comment
on how they thought government should
work and does work. They would write
books and essays about the nature of man
and his relationship with government.
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