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Reform in Great Britain 11 - Geary County Schools USD 475

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Cornell Notes:
World History: Unit 6: Title
Your
Notes from PowerPoint
Reaction:
Questions
Explanations
Ideas
Summary of Lecture:
Reform in Great
Britain
The Luddites: 1811-1816
Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].
The Luddite Triangle
Ideas: Utilitarianism
пЃ®
пЃ®
Individual Freedom
Jeremy Bentham
пЃ®
пЃ®
“the greatest
happiness for the
greatest number”
John Stuart Mill
пЃ®
пЃ®
Votes for women &
working class
Government should
help working class
Peterloo Massacre, 1819
British
Soldiers Fire
on British
Workers:
19 dead,
700 wounded
Let us die like
men, and not
be sold like
slaves!
Reform Act of 1832
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Rotten Burroughs – Members of Parliament
not representative of population
lowered property qualifications
Redistributed votes in House of Commons
to represent cities
British Reform Bill of
1832
Chartist Movement
 1830’s
пЃ® Wanted
…
пЃ® Universal
Adult Male Suffrage
пЃ® Salaries for Parliament
пЃ® Secret Ballot
The Chartists
A female Chartist
A physical force—
Chartists arming for
the fight.
Impact of Chartists
•
Abolition of slavery in the colonies
in 1832.
•
Sadler Commission to look into
working conditions
• Factory Act [1833] – child labor.
•
New Poor Law [1834] – indoor
relief.
• Poor houses.
Anti-Corn League, 1848
Wanted to end tariff on imported
grain—hard on factory workers
пЃ® First modern protest group
пЃ®
Demonstrations
пЃ® Lectures
пЃ® Posters
пЃ® pamphlets
пЃ®
Ireland
Controlled by England &
Immigrant English Protestants
пЃ® Discrimination against Catholics
пЃ® Potato Famine 1845-50
 Demand “Home Rule”
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Charles Parnell
1921 – Ireland became independent
пЃ®
Except Northern Ireland
Education Reform
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
Ragged Schools –
religious schools for
poor
1881 – public
schools &
mandatory
education from 5-10
years old
1918-public
secondary schools
The Socialists:
Utopians & Marxists
пѓ— People as a society would operate and own the
means of production, not individuals.
пѓ— Their goal was a society that benefited
everyone, not just a rich, well-connected few.
пѓ— Tried to build perfect communities [utopias].
Queen Victoria
пЃ® 18
yrs old
пЃ® Reigned from
1837-1901
пЃ® Height of
British Empire
William Gladstone
Liberal
пЃ® Prime Minister
пЃ® Supported social reforms
пЃ®
Education
пЃ® Anti-Poverty
пЃ® Suffrage
пЃ®
Benjamin Disraeli
Conservative
пЃ® Prime Minister
пЃ® Preserve Aristocracy
пЃ® Supported moderate
reform
пЃ®
Suffragettes—Women’s
Rights
Emmeline Pankhurst
пЃ® Demonstrations & marches
пЃ® When jailed went on hunger strikes
 Women’s Property Acts 1882
пЃ® Women over 30, Right to Vote 1918
пЃ®
Other Reformers
Fabian Society—Socialism by
gradual reform
 Labor Party—Trade Unions
пЃ®
Manchester,
England
пЃ®
пЃ®
пЃ®
1750: 17,000
1850:300,000
2010:480,000
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