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The Civil Service in Great Britain

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The Civil Service in Great Britain
Civil service
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The body of government officials who are
employed in civil occupations that are neither
political nor judicial.
In most countries the term refers to
employees selected and promoted on the
basis of a merit and seniority system, which
may include examinations.
Two meanings
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The term civil service has two distinct meanings:
– A branch of governmental service in which
individuals are employed on the basis of
professional merit as proven by competitive
examinations
–
The body of employees in any government
agency other than the military
Civil servant
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A civil servant or public servant is a civilian
public sector employee working for a
government department or agency
Civil servants in Great Britain
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Civil servants – servants of the Crown who
are permanent (they do not change with a
political change of government)
The Civil Service helps the Government of
the day to develop and deliver its policies as
effectively as possible.
Organisation
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The Civil Service incorporates three types of
organisations – departments, agencies, and
non-departmental government bodies
(NDPBs).
They work in a wide range of areas that
touch on everyone’s day-to-day lives, such
as education, health and policing.
Concerns
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Civil Service is concerned with the conduct of
government activities as they affect the
community
From formulating policy to carrying out dayto-day duties of public administration
Duties
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The duty of a civil servant is first and
foremost to the Minister in charge of the
Department concerned
The Ministers answer to Parliament
Duties do not involve political work
Civil servants are politically impartial
Staffing
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Recruitment and examination is carried out by the
Civil Service Commission
About half of all civil servants provide public services
(paying benefits and pensions, collecting taxes and
contributions, running employment services…)
A quarter of them is employed in the Ministry of
Defence
The rest in other services (central administration,
support services)
Recruitment and promotion
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Recruitment is based on the principle of
selection on merit by fair and open
competition
Individual government departments and
agencies are responsible for providing staff
training
Departments are responsible for promotion,
but promotion to the most senior positions is
approved by the Prime Minister
Equal opportunities
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The Government is committed to acheiving
equal opportunities – policies to develop
career opportunities for women, ethnic
minorities and the disabled
Executive Agencies
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Separate units or agencies that perform the
executive functions of government
A part of the Civil Service, but with more
independence
Headed by chief executives who are
accountable to ministers
The Diplomatic Service
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The Diplomatic Service has its own grade
structure
Staff in Foreign&Commonwealth Office and
at British diplomatic missions overseas
Special demands of the service (the duty to
serve abroad)
Political and private activities
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Civil servants must perform loyally the duties
assigned to them by the Government
regardless of their political or other beliefs
There are no restrictions on the private
activities of civil servants if there is no conflict
with official duties
Security
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Each department is responsible for their own
internal security
Civil servants cannot be associated with
activities that threaten national security
Whitehall
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Whitehall is the central London street on
which many ministries sit. Whitehall is
therefore often used as a by-name to refer to
the executive branch of Government, and
particularly the civil service
Thank you for your attention!
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