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Industrial Revolution - Center Unified School District

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Industrial
Revolution
Industrial Revolution begins in
Britain
пЃ® Agricultural Revolution
пЃ® Enclosures
пЃ® Crop
Rotation
 Jehthro Tull’s Seed Drill
пЃ® Livestock Breeding
пЃ® All lead to a population growth
Industrial Revolution begins in
Britain
 Great Britain’s advantages
пЃ® Large
Population
пЃ® Natural Resources
Water Power / Fuel
пЃ® Iron Ore
пЃ® Rivers
пЃ® Harbors
пЃ®
пЃ® Expanding
пЃ®
Economy
Banking system / loans for investment
пЃ® Political
Stability
Britain’s Factors of Production
Factor of
Production
Definition
Example from
textile industry
Inventions / Discoveries
The Flying Shuttle
Inventions / Discoveries
The Spinning Jenny
Inventions / Discoveries
Water Frame
Inventions / Discoveries
Spinning Mule
Inventions / Discoveries
Power Loom
Inventions / Discoveries
Rise of Factories
Inventions / Discoveries
Cotton Gin
Inventions / Discoveries
Steam Engine
Inventions / Discoveries
Steamboat
Inventions / Discoveries
Roads / Turnpikes
Inventions / Discoveries
Rocket
Inventions / Discoveries
Railroad Effects
1. Spurred further Industrial Growth
2. New Jobs created
3. Boosted agriculture and fishing
industries
4. People able to take distant city jobs
5. People able to travel further
distances
Inventions / Discoveries
Thomas Edison
Inventions / Discoveries
Alexander Graham Bell
Inventions / Discoveries
Guglielmo Marconi
Inventions / Discoveries
Henry Ford
Inventions / Discoveries
Wright Brothers
Inventions / Discoveries
Louis Pasteur
Inventions / Discoveries
Joseph Lister
Inventions / Discoveries
Charles Darwin
Inventions / Discoveries
Gregor Mendel
Inventions / Discoveries
Pierre an Marie Curie
Industrialization
пЃ® By1800s people could earn higher
wages in factories than on farms
 1800’s balance shifted from rural
(farms) areas to urban (cities)
пЃ® 1800-1850 large cities more than
doubled
пЃ® Period known as urbanization
Industrialization
пЃ® Factories developed in Clusters
пЃ® London was most important city
Industrial living conditions
пЃ® No development plans, sanitary codes
or building codes
пЃ® Lacked adequate housing, education,
and police protection
пЃ® Unpaved streets, no drains
пЃ® Dark, dirty shelters. Families living in 1
bedroom
пЃ® Sickness widespread (cholera)
пЃ® City life span 17 years
пЃ® Merchants/Factory owners lived in
suburbs
Industrial Working Conditions
пЃ® Average work day 14 hours 6 days a
week
пЃ® Dangers of not well lit, Machine injuries
пЃ® Coal Mines most dangerous
пЃ® Many Women/Children worked in Coal
Mines
Class Tensions
пЃ® New Middle Class formed
пЃ® Upper
Middle Class= government
employees, doctors, lawyers, factory
managers
пЃ® Lower middle class=skilled workers
пЃ® The Working Class
пЃ® Laborers
пЃ® Saw
little improvement in their living and
working conditions
пЃ® Luddites
Positive Effects of
Industrialization
пЃ® New Jobs
пЃ® Added Wealth to Nation
пЃ® Technological Progress and invention
пЃ® Raised standard of living
пЃ® Hope of improvement
пЃ® Life of laborers eventually improved with
labor unions
пЃ® Long-Term Effects?
Industrialization Spreads
пЃ® US follows England
пЃ® Begins
with Textiles
пЃ® Railroads
пЃ® Use of Corporations (Rockefeller,
Carnegie)
пЃ® Continental Europe
пЃ® Belgium
leads the way
 By late 1800’s Germany becomes a
military and industrial giant
пЃ® Not all European nations industrialized
Impact of Industrialization
пЃ® Widened the wealth gap between
industrialized and nonindustrialized
countries
пЃ® Exploitation of overseas colonies
пЃ® Gave Europe tremendous economic
power
пЃ® Hardships of early urban workers
пЃ® Eventual rise of population, health and
wealth
пЃ® Development of a middle class
Philosophers of Industrialization
Adam Smith
пЃ® Laissez-Faire Economics
пЃ® Law of Self-Interest
пЃ® Law of Supply and Demand
пЃ® Laid Foundation for Capitalism-
Factors of Production are privately
owned and money is invested business
ventures to make profit
пЃ® Supported by works of Thomas Malthus
and David Ricardo
Rise of Socialism
пЃ® Utilitarianism- Jeremy Bentham , John
Stuart Mill
пЃ® Utopia- Robert Owen
пЃ® Socialism- Charles Fourier
пЃ® Factors
of Production owned by
government
пЃ® Government ownership would end poverty
and promote equality
Marxism: Radical Socialism
пЃ® Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels write
The Communist Manifesto
пЃ® Society
divided into haves (bourgeoisie) or
have-nots (proletariat)
пЃ® Predicted eventual overthrow of
bourgeoisie
пЃ® Classless society would develop
(Communism)
пЃ® Elimination of Private Property
Labor Unions and Reforms
пЃ® Union spoke for all workers and
engaged in collective bargaining
пЃ® If factory owners refused demands,
union members could strike, or refuse to
work
пЃ® Reform Laws
пЃ® Factory
reform act of 1833 (child labor)
пЃ® Hours Act of 1847
Revolutions in the Arts
Romanticism
пЃ® Reaction against Enlightenment and
Classicism
пЃ® Key ideas of Romanticism
пЃ® Emphasize
inner feelings, emotions,
imagination
пЃ® Focused on mysterious
пЃ® Cherished folk traditions
пЃ® Promoted radical change and democracy
Revolutions in the Arts
Romanticism
пЃ® Romantic Literature
пЃ® William
Wordsworth
пЃ® Lord Byron
пЃ® Victor Hugo
 Marry Shelley “Frankenstein”
пЃ® Music
пЃ® Ludwig
Van Beethoven
пЃ® Robert Schuman
пЃ® Frederick Chopin
Revolutions in the Arts
Realism
пЃ® Tried to show life as it really was
пЃ® Photography
пЃ® Literature
пЃ® Emile
zola
пЃ® Charles Dickens
Revolutions in the Arts
Impressionism
пЃ® Reaction against realism
пЃ® Use of pure shimmering colors
пЃ® Famous Painters
пЃ® Calude
Monet
пЃ® Edgar Degas
пЃ® Pierre-Auguste Renoir
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