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The Purpose of
Educational Technology
Larry Harmon
CECS 5800
August 5, 2000
What is Technology?
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Origins: Greek technologica meaning systematic
treatment.
“It is a means to an end; it is a human activity.”
(Norton, 1998)
Perhaps no greater technological tool exists than
the question.
Technology as Art
Technology as History
The Purposes of Technology
Three Narratives
пЃ¬
Economic Utility
пЃ¬
Problem-Solving
пЃ¬
Democratic Ethos
Economic Utility
The purpose of schooling is to prepare
children for competent entry into
the economic life of a community.
It follows from this that any school
activity not designed to further this
end is seen as a frill or an ornament
– a waste of valuable time.
Neil Postman (1995)
Economic Utility
If you will pay attention in school, and
do your homework, and score well
on tests, and behave yourself, you
will be rewarded with a well-paying
job when you are done.
Neil Postman (1995)
Problem - Solving
If the generic benefit of technology is
problem solving, its sets up a
perspective of life as a set of
problems; it establishes a
psychology that is negative rather
than optimistic and potentially
feeds youthful cynicism and
alienation.
William Pretzer (1997)
Problem - Solving
Further, it implies that technology can
solve all problems – though war,
famine, and racism still plague
civilizations today.
William Pretzer (1997)
A Democratic Ethos
Can a society be formed, maintained, and
improved on the principle of continuous
argumentation?
Neil Postman (1995)
Democratic Ethos
The ethos rests upon the values of:
пЃ¬ Justice
пЃ¬ Honesty
пЃ¬ Self-discipline
пЃ¬ Due process
пЃ¬ Majority rule with respect for
individual liberties.
Democratic Ethos
This narrative provides youth with the
knowledge and will to participate in
the great experiment, to teach them
how to argue, and to help them
discover what questions are worth
arguing about, and to make sure
they know what happens when
arguments cease. No one is
excluded from the story.
Method of Analysis
Macro: The efforts of nation-states
Meso: The efforts of Non-Governmental
Organizations
Micro: Curricular Efforts
Macro - Analysis
United States
пЃ¬ Great Britain
пЃ¬ Australia
пЃ¬
United States
U.S. Department of Education. (1996).
Getting America’s students ready for
the 21st century: meeting the
technology literacy challenge
пЃ¬ An alarm based upon economic
utility
пЃ¬
Great Britain
пЃ¬
The National Curriculum (1990)
– Technology presented as
trade/vocational education
– classroom practice is driven by national
tests used to measure student and
program success.
Australia
Technology moving away from
British model toward the American
model.
пЃ¬ Rationales/practices in Western
Australia approach inquiry-based,
multi-disciplinary designs.
пЃ¬
Meso - Analysis
пЃ¬
International Technology
Organizations
пЃ¬
International Baccalaureate
International Organizations
пЃ¬
Society for Information Technology
and Teacher Education
пЃ¬
International Society for Technology
Education
пЃ¬
International Technology Education
Association
Technology Journal Analysis, 1997-2000
Internationalism
25%
20%
15%
10%
5%
0%
JTE
JTTE
Journal
JRCE
ISTE Standards
пЃ¬
Teacher standards: described as
professional behaviors as opposed
to student outcomes.
пЃ¬
Student standards: skill-based not
concept-based
FOR MORE INFO...
Visit
http://www.iste.org
International Baccalaurate
Mission
пЃ¬ Rigorous, intellectual coursework
пЃ¬ Curriculum inquiry-based and
infused with learner choice
пЃ¬ Emphasis on international
understanding and responsible
citizenship.
Micro – ITGS
The Portfolio
Four pieces focusing on the social
significance of IT and the ethical
considerations arising from IT
Micro – ITGS
The Project
пЃ¬ Emphasizes solving a contemporary
problem through technological
means.
пЃ¬ Process: collaborative research,
test/retest solutions, keeping project
log for reflective exercises.
Conclusion
Level of Analysis
Narrative
Macro: Nations
Economic Utility
Meso: NGOs
Problem-Solving
Micro: Integrated
Curriculum Efforts
Democratic Ethos
The Role of
Internationalism in
Educational Technology
Larry Harmon
CECS 5800
August 5, 2000
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