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A Critical View on Peer Reviews

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A Critical View on Peer
Reviews
Anni Koubek
FH JOANNEUM
Experiences with Peer Reviews
• Institutional reviews of the university
• External Study Programme reviews
Mechanism of Peer Review
• Self-evaluation report
• Review-Team composed of
– Expert from professional field
– Pedagogical expert
– Expert from Higher Education in corresponding field
Critical Remarks on Peer
Reviews
• Peer Review is based on self-evaluation
report:
– The art of designing review reports
– The danger of honesty and self-critical statments
Critical Remarks on Peer
Reviews
• On-site visits:
– Visits Last 1 to 3 days (depending whether
institutional or programme evaluation)
– How to prepare your team for the evaluation process?
– Do you know the review team members well enough?
Critical Remarks on Peer
Reviews
• Review Report:
– Review results cannot be objective and comparable
between institutions
– Amount of improvement potential will strongly depend
on self-criticality of the team
– Summative results, based on process are dangerous
– Missing culture of formative evaluation procedures
How to make peer review more
effective?
• Scenario 1 – Formative Evaluation Process
– Cut summative elements
– Strictly quality improving view, to support institution
– Do not base accreditation decisions on peer review process
• Critics: depends on will of institution: as often
good institutions will use instrument well
How to make peer review more
effective?
• Scenario 2 – Comparability
– Base evaluation on clearly formalised and
measureable quality criteria
– Define regulations that quality criteria are defined the
same precise way in all institutions
• Critics: Over-regulation, limiting
institutional autonomy
How to make peer review more
effective?
• Scenario 3 – Evaluate Quality System
– Review whether Quality system of institution
comprises necessary elements
– Check whether improvement cycles are in place
• Critics:
• No common understanding of QAelements and standards
• Only applicable to mature organisations
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