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Aurelio Peccei Lectures & Dialogues
In collaboration with the European Support
Center of the Club of Rome
Thursday 23 February 2012
Heraclites and the Four Fold Flow
of Civilization Serenity
by Dr. Jean-Philippe CornГ©lis
Heraclites the genius
(EPHESE,550 TO 480 B.C.)
Heraclites must be considered as the
forerunner of intersystemics
with his first concept :
PANTA REI
Everything is changing and in close interaction
And his second principle:
THE BALANCE OF THE OPPOSITES
IMAGE RAPHAEL: HГ©raclites
Hurricane
QuickTim eв„ў et un
dГ©compresseur
sont requis pour visionner cette image.
Complexity diagram by Raoul
Weiler
EPISTEMOLOGY IS THE SCIENCE
OF KNOWLEDGE
-In my view, the science of knowledge describes and
tries to understand four fields and rules of behaviour of:
-THE SCIENCE OF BEHAVIOUR OF THE OBJECTS:
science of nature, in what I call a new term for objectivity
-THE SCIENCE OF BEHAVIOUR OF THE SUBJECTS:
in the psychology of the person and the deep self, in
what I call subjectivity
-THE RULES OF INTERSUBJECTIVITY: The science of
behaviour of the subjects between each other
(f.i. languages,culture,sociological and political rules)
-TRANSCENDANCE: Religious beliefs claim f.i. a special
understanding of the laws of their gods
THE FOUR FEEL GOOD
PRINCIPLES OF CIVILIZATIONS
-So, to В« feel good В» in a civilization, human
beings have to respect THEIR OWN balance
of power between those four epistemological
principles and problem solving techniques,
that they consider as being GOOD:
-TO FEEL GOOD WITH NATURE
-TO FEEL GOOD WITH THEMSELF
-TO FEEL GOOD WITH THE OTHERS
-TO FEEL GOOD WITH THEIR GODS OR
THEIR FOUNDATION MYTHS
EVERY CIVILIZATION MAKES HER OWN
BALANCE OF PRINCIPLES AND PROBLEM
SOLVING TECHNIQUES
HOW DID OUR ANCESTORS
SOLVED THOSE PROBLEMS?
THE FIGURES OF
В« THE GOOD GOVERNMENT В»
IN THE TOWN HALL OF SIENNA,ITALY,
(LORENZETTI,1315-1340)
PROVES THAT
THEY OBEYDED TO THOSE FOUR
FUNDAMENTAL RULES
A GENERAL VIEW ON THE
FRESCOES
THE FIGURE OF PEACE
AND SERENITY
THE FIGURE OF THE
WHEATFIELDS
THE FIGURE OF THE BALANCE OF JUSTICE
THE FIGURE OF JOY
THE FIGURE OF
AUTHORITY
THUS SOLVING PROBLEMS MEANS
FINDING SOLUTIONS IN THE FOUR
APPROPRIATE EPISTEMOLOGICAL
CATEGORIES WE DESCRIBED
-EVERY EPISTEMOLOGICAL CATEGORY MUST FIND HIS
APPROPRIATE SOLUTION
-BUT WE KNOW THAT THOSE SOLUTIONS WILL INTERFERE
WITH THE OTHER FIELDS AND
INDUCE SWITCHES AND CHANGES
THE NATURAL
INTERACTIONS
OF THE OBJECTS
• In this first category, we try to understand the
rules of behaviour of the objects in natural
sciences, managing sometimes terrific forces
like atoms.
• Francis Bacon: The only way to submit nature
is to obey her.
• That’s what we are doing in technologies and
power labyrinths with the answer: It works!
Eureka: The rules of nature are under power!
But sometimes, those forces of nature are
overwhelming us, like f.i. nuclear disasters.
QuickTim eв„ў et un
dГ©compresseur
sont requis pour visionner cette image.
The snub of the forces of nature to
mankind:
Is that a piece of natural art?
PSYCHOLOGICAL
INTERACTIONS
IN THE SUBJECTIVITY
• In this is second epistemological
category, we try to understand and
humanize the rules of behaviour of the
subjects
THE FIGURE OF THE SPA CLOWN
Sigmund Freud : Where id is, there shall ego be
To stay human we, as persons, have to refrain and
sublimate brutal instinctive forces in cultural behaviour
BUT WE ARE BLIND
LOVERS OF LIFE
AND WE ARE THE THREE APES
DENYING REALITY
I can’t get no satisfaction
WE HAVE ENDLESS DESIRES,
BUT CAN WE ESCAPE THIS
REALITY THROUGH MEDITATION?
THE BALANCE BETWEEN TWO
CHARACTERS WE HAVE IN US:
-THE SELF CENTERED NARCISSUS
(HOBBES:Homo homini lupus)
-THE OTHER CENTERED SOCIUS
(LEVINAS: In front of the face of the other)
-EVERYDAY, EVERY PERSON MAKES A
BALANCE BETWEEN BOTH CHARACTERS
-SELFACCOMPLISMENT IS THE KEY OF THE
FIRST, AND LOVE, COMPASSION AND
SOLIDARITY THE ONE OF THE SECOND
-SOME RELIGIONS ADVISE TO LOVE YOUR
NEIGHBOUR AS MUCH AS YOURSELF
PRINCIPLES OF LIFE
IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF
THE SELF
Two basic principles of Freud (1856-1939):
Principle of reality
Principle of pleasure
Two more principles of Leopold Szondi
(1898-1986):
Principle of freedom, but socialy constructed
Principle of humanization
Is man the measure of everything?
WE ARE DENYING
CLIMATE CHANGE
This is our living planet
A CULTURAL SWITCH:
WE HAVE TO BECOME
A NEW TREE MAN
A PLANET INHABITED
BY HUMANIZED TREE-MEN
TODAY WE ARE
CONFRONTED
WITH FIVE MAJOR
CIVILIZATION CRISISSES
In order of dramatic importance,we have:
-The climatic and biodiversity crisis
-The Demographic explosion crisis
-The World employment crisis
-The Financial and economical crisis
FINANCIAL AND
ECONOMICAL CRISIS
-Money is the most powerfull social regulator of
rights and duties of citizens ever invented
-In a civilized society this regulation-tool must
be in the hands of the political power and not
in the hands of the market or ivory-tower
gourous.
-Is money an overstock of power for capitalists,
or a vital nurturing flow to give to everybody
who is working the possibility of a good life?
-Do we have to invent new controlled moneys?
-A sound balance of exchange of wealth (doux
commerce) between nations is the basic rule
of prosperity
WORLD EMPLOYMENT
CRISIS
If you take the point of view of an inhabitant of
an other planet, called Sirius, you could say:
Those guys have invented, by understanding
the laws of nature, lots of tools like robots and
computers to work less, and now they
complain?
A stupid market and warlike hypercompetition
has turned this victory of mankind in an
Pyrrhus defeat
We have to switch to the society of cultural
emancipation, but forces refuse this evolution
DEMOGRAPHIC
EXPLOSION CRISIS
-This is a kind of tabou question where we
have to invent humanized solutions
-Education is a good answer, but very
slow in results
-This remains an open democratic
question!
THE MOST DRAMATIC ONE
IS OUR CLIMATIC CRISIS
-Because of the В« No Pavlov effect of direct
punishment В», like the three blind apes, we
don’t want to see reality, creating real dangers
to the survival of our planet and humanity
-Following the IPCC/GIEC,we have to diminish
our CO2 emissions by 80%
-Therefore, we have to switch from stocks
energy (oil, coal) to flow energy (solar)
-Powerfull lobbies, influencing politicians, want to
stay in the В« business as usual В»
-We have the solutions at hand, but the battle
will be long, dangerous and uncertain
WE HAVE PLENTY OF
ENERGY
TO SAVE THE PLANET
SOLAR ENERGY IS THE
FUTURE
-Solar energy provides us everyday with 8000
times more C02 free energy than all what we
consume as realy energy gluttonous today
-We have to invent more new tools for a better
capture and storage and use of this energy
-In front of this dramatic U turn of our consumer
patterns SMALL IS BEAUTIFULL devices are
important, but bigg devices like Solar Power
Plant will be VITALY ESSENTIAL to succeed
in the switch in such a short time
HOW CAN WE NOW TAKE
THOSE FIVE U-TURNS
TO PRESERVE OUR CIVILIZATIONS?
• A new volontarist World Governance must
urgently be at stake
• We must be aware of sabotage of powerful
lobbies influencing politicians
• We must allow every civilization to find her
own balance of choices, provided she
answers those vital questions
• Ecology is not a bible in the hands of a few,
but a steering work to find solutions together
The Role of the European
Commission
-The European project is one of the most
beautifull we ever invented
But in latin: Qui bene amat, bene castigat:
The one who loves also reprimand
-The role of the European Parliament must be
enhanced and prevail like in every democratic
structure
-The only market economy as steering project for
Europe is not enough anymore, and we have
to invent a Cultural Emancipation Project as
corner stone for our European civilization,to
give new dynamic visionary impulses
-Hubert Reeves: To see far is to see soon!
CAN MARKET ECONOMY STEAR
OUR CIVILISATIONS?
-MARKET ECONOMY LAYS GOLDEN EGGS,
BUT IS A CHICKEN WITHOUT A HEAD (SUBPRIMES)
AND WITHOUT A HEART( F.I. IN GREECE)
-TODAY,THE POWER OF GREED OF A FIEW
DESTROYS NATURE AND HUMAN BEINGS
-IN MARKET ECONOMY, NOR MEN,
NOR NATURE ARE IN THE CENTER OF THE
PREOCCUPATIONS (SCHUMPETER)
-A STRONG POLITICAL POWER MUST
STEER THIS GREEDY CHICKEN
-IT’S THE ECONOMY, STUPID!
NO: IT’S A STUPID ECONOMY WE HAVE TO CHANGE!
ITГ•S THE EC O NOMY,
STU P ID !
BI L L C LI N TON, wr iting in th e Fi n an cial T im es, in th e Press
se c tio n un d er the t itle : C a p ita lis m in cri s is, of Jan u ary, 2 1 th, 20 1 2 :
W H EN FINA N CI A L IN TE RE S TS A RE A LIG N ED W ITH SOCI A L
ONES, W E W ILL B E C LO S ER TO T H E KIND OF W OR LD W E
WA N T A L L O U R CH ILD R EN TO L IVE IN.
FIR S T, FROM C EN T R A L PARK T O TAHIR SQ U A R E, PEO PL E
ARE S TAND ING UP AND SAYIN G THAT F O R TOO M A NY
CI T IZ ENS, T H E C U R R E N T SY S T E MS ARE N O T WORK INGÉ
SEC O ND, T H E FINAN C IAL CRIS IS HAS MADE CL EAR TH A T
T H E PATH W E A R E ON WAS UN S TA BL E AND
UNSUST A INA BL E :
WH IL E OUR G LOB A L E CON O M IC SYS T EM HAS B ROUG H T
BE N EF ITS T O MANY, IT HAS AL SO EXA C E R B AT ED
INEQU A L IT IES, B O TH W IT H IN A ND AMONG COU N T R IES.
TO MU C H INE Q UA L IT IY NOT O N LY HU R TS T HE PO O R AND
STI F L E S T H E D R EAMS OF T HE M IDD L E C LASS, IT A LSO
HIND E RS PROD UC TIV ITY AND GR O WTH.
WH A T W E N E E D IS INNOV A TI O N, IMAGINA
COMM IT M E N T.
T ION AND
BI L L C LI N TON, FO R M E R P R ESI D E N T OF T H E US,
Let’s boost the Noosphere
in order to save the Biosphere!
I THANK YOU FOR YOUR
ATTENTION
-Sorry, but those problems can’t of course
be solved in 40 minutes and a debate
-I propose to organize some more
democratic seminars about those
questions in our Civic Forum Creatopia
at the University of Louvain La Neuve
-Join us to give your democratic answers
to those demanding problems
-eMail : jeanphilippecornelis@gmail.com
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