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Inter-Group Conflict

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Inter-Group Conflict
Presented by:
Corina Popa
Nathan Thiel
Wenona Scott
Zhiwei Wu
INTERGROUP CONFLICT
A circumstance in which groups take
antagonistic actions toward one another
to control some outcome important to
each.
An overt expression of tensions
between the goals or concerns of one
party and those of another.
Sources of Intergroup Conflict
Competing Goals
Competition for Resources
Cultural Differences
Power Discrepancies
Assimilation Versus Preservation of MicroCultural Identity
Examples ?
South Africa
Highest inequality of wealth distribution
in the world:
20% of the population owning
75% of the wealth
South Africa Apartheid
History
Stakeholders
Manifestations
South Africa History
Portuguese, Dutch, British since 1652
Apartheid - 1948 -1994
Racial Segregation
– Separate but Equal
– Reservations or “Homelands”
– No Vote
South Africa History
African National Congress (ANC)
– Under ground resistance
– Nelson Mandela imprisoned
US & UK economic pressure 1980’s
Botha resigns 1989
South Africa History
Stakeholders
White
Non-White
– Black South Africans
– Indians
– Coloured
Truth & Reconciliation Commission
– Bilateral Conflict
– Apartheid vs ANC
Manifestations ?
In cages, blow-ups of the hated “passbooks”
121 nooses recall political prisoners
hanged during apartheid
Core
Concerns
Structural
Interest
Cognitive Emotional
Distribution of
power &
resources
Interests
Goals
Objectives
Beliefs
Schemas
Frames
Fear
Loss & grief
Rage
Pathology
Integration or
Compromise
Reframing
Healing
Negotiation
Mediations
Compromise
Bargaining
Win-Win
Facilitated
Contact
Truth-Telling
Public
Acknowledgement
Forgiveness
Built-in structural
inequalities
Goals
Justice
Revolution
Conflict
Management Redistribution
Techniques Deconstruction
Conflict Management Strategy
Moment for Decision
– Amnesia
– Criminal Trials
– Negotiated Restitution and Compensation
– Political re-education
– Truth Commission
Core
Concerns
Structural
Interest
Cognitive Emotional
Distribution of
power &
resources
Interests
Goals
Objectives
Beliefs
Schemas
Frames
Fear
Loss & grief
Rage
Pathology
Integration or
Compromise
Reframing
Healing
Negotiation
Mediations
Compromise
Bargaining
Win-Win
Facilitated
Contact
Truth-Telling
Public
Acknowledgement
Forgiveness
Built-in structural
inequalities
Goals
Justice
Revolution
Conflict
Management Redistribution
Techniques Deconstruction
Conflict Management Strategy
The Decision
– Truth & Reconciliation Commission
Reasons
– Collective Emotion - Chosen Trauma
– Collective Identity
– Collective Healing
Collective Emotion
Chosen Trauma
Failure to Mourn
Collective Regression
Identity Theory
Individual Identity “An abiding sense of
the self and of the relationship of the self to
the world. It is a system of beliefs or a way
of construing the world that makes life
predictable rather than random.” (Northrup)
Collective identity Identification with a
particular culture, class, sexual orientation,
nationality, religion, regional affiliation, etc.
and with the narratives / stories internalized
in that group’s experience
Collective Healing
1. Expose Guilt
2. Public Record of Truth
3. Provide Acknowledgement
4. Dismantle Old Institutions
5. Deterrent of Further Human Rights
Violations
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