World History Unit 3 An Age of Exchange and Encounter: 500 to A.D. 1500 Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 2 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500вЂ“1500 CHAPTER 11 Time Line 850s Byzantine culture spreads to Russia. 500 1240 Kiev destroyed by Mongols. 1500 527 Justinian becomes ruler of Byzantine Empire. 1054 Christianity splits into Roman Catholic and Orthodox branches. 1480 Ivan III ends Mongol control of Russia. Byzantium Becomes the New Rome вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Objectives To describe Byzantine politics and the rise of Emperor Justinian. To describe JustinianвЂ™s achievements, and life in Constantinople. To characterize Byzantine education. To identify the causes of the Byzantine EmpireвЂ™s collapse To explain why the Eastern and Western churches created two traditions. Vocabulary: Justianian Code, Hagia Sophia, patriarch, icon, iconoclast, excommunication, schism, Cyrillic alphabet The New Rome Capital вЂ“ Constantinople вЂ“ Constantine - 330 AD Justinian - 527 AD вЂ“ Belisarius вЂў recovered most of empire вЂ“ вЂ�NewвЂ™ Caesar вЂў ruled state and church вЂў absolute power New Rome вЂ“ Greek not Latin вЂ“ Justinian Code вЂў single, uniform civil law code вЂ“ 4 parts вЂў serves for 900 years Life in Constantinople Rebuilding a New Rome вЂ“ rebuilt fortress-like city вЂў palace вЂ“ intensive church-building вЂў church and state вЂў Hagia Sophia вЂ“ ChristianityвЂ™s most splendid вЂ“ law courts, schools, hospitals вЂў Hippodrome вЂ“ chariot races вЂ“ riots (Theodora) Education вЂ“ Greek and Roman literature вЂў Homer, Euclid, Herodotus вЂ“ girls home schooled Byzantine Decline JustinianвЂ™s Plague - 542 AD вЂ“ bubonic plague вЂў 8-12 years вЂ“ 10,000 deaths a day Attacks вЂ“ Germanic tribes in west вЂў Crusades in 1204 вЂ“ Slavs in the north вЂў Russians вЂ“ Sassanid in east вЂ“ Islam from the south Fall вЂ“ Ottoman Turks in 1453 A Church Divided Eastern Orthodox вЂ“ patriarch вЂў heads church with bishops вЂ“ icons вЂў religious images; banned in east by Leo III вЂў iconoclasts - icon-breakers вЂў restored by Theodora Roman Catholic вЂ“ excommunication вЂў Byzantine emperor over icons вЂў 1054 вЂ“ pope versus patriarch вЂ“ schism вЂў split in two churches вЂў Cyrillic alphabet вЂ“ Saints Methodius and Cyril Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Section 1 Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List JustinianвЂ™s accomplishments as emperor of the New Rome. Rebuilt ConstantinopleвЂ™s fortifications Conquered most of Italy and parts of Spain Rebuilt the Hagia Sophia Established Justinian Code Justinian Built aqueducts, courts, schools, hospitals Encouraged trade, education Enlarged his palace Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 2 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture вЂў вЂў вЂў вЂў Objectives To summarize the Slavic, Greek, and Viking roots of Russia and Russian culture. To describe the rise and fall of the principality of Kiev. To explain how the Mongol invasions united Russia and empowered Moscow. Vocabulary: Slavs, boyars, Olga, Vladimer, Yaroslav the Wise, Alexander Nevsky, czar Slavic and Greek Cultures Slavs вЂ“ people from Black Sea forests вЂ“ farmers and traders Varangians (Rus) вЂ“ Vikings from Scandanavia вЂ“ boyars - nobles вЂ“ Novgorod вЂў 1st important city вЂ“ Kiev вЂў trade with Byzantines Christianity вЂ“ Princess Olga вЂў 1st to convert вЂ“ Vladimir - 989 вЂў Kievan Christian conversion Kievan Russia Yaroslav the Wise - 1019-54 вЂ“ VladimirвЂ™s son вЂ“ legal code for property / commerce Kievan Decline вЂ“ division of empire вЂ“ CrusadeвЂ™s impact Mongol Rise - 1200s вЂ“ Genghis Khan вЂ“ rule southern Russia 200 years вЂ“ Khanate of the Golden Horde вЂў Slavic obedience вЂў massive tribute вЂ“ Alexander Nevsky Moscow Saint Alexander Nevsky вЂ“ military hero; church defender Moscow вЂ“ founded 1100 вЂ“ Iine of Ivan princeships вЂў Ivan III - 1462-1505 вЂ“ 1st czar; Caesar вЂў married Byzantine princess вЂ“ Ugra River вЂў bloodless standoff Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture Section 2 Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the effects of Mongol rule in Russia. Nobles Collected tribute; put down revolts Church Tolerated by Mongols; acted as link between Mongols and Russians People Paid high taxes; developed a devotion to icons Moscow Princes Became tax collectors for Mongols; gained control of small states around Moscow Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500 - 1500 A.D. Section 3 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia Objectives вЂў To describe the rise of the Seljuk Turks and their impact on Persian culture. вЂў To explain how internal problems and foreign attack ended Seljuk power. вЂў Vocabulary: mamelukes, Seljuks, vizier, Malik Shah Rise of the Turks Turks вЂ“ nomadic herders, horsemen вЂў fierce warriors вЂ“ mamelukes вЂў Turkish military slaves вЂ“ Abbasid Empire (Persian) вЂў after 945, religious leader only вЂў Seljuks вЂ“ migrated into Abbasid вЂў Islamic conversion (ShiвЂ™a) вЂ“ capture Baghdad вЂ“ Anatolia вЂў Battle of Manzikert (1071) вЂ“ courting of Persians вЂў strong support; influence Seljuk Turks Malik Shah - (1055-1092) вЂ“ last great Seljuk sultan вЂў vizier вЂ“ prime minister вЂ“ collection of minor kingdoms Crusades вЂ“ 1095 Edict вЂў Pope Urban II вЂ“ 1099 вЂў capture Jerusalem вЂ“ 1187 вЂў Saladin recaptures Jerusalem Mongols вЂ“ 1200 (Genghis Khan) Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia Section 3 Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List several events in the last 200 years of the Abassid Empire. 756 Spain breaks away. 788 Morocco breaks away. 800 Tunisia breaks away. 809 Parts of Persia are lost. 868 Abbasids lose control of Egypt. 945 Baghdad falls to Persians.