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Contributions of Byzantium

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Contributions of
Byzantium
Standard 7.1.3
A Unique Culture
•
Constantinople was a city which combined Greek and
Roman ideas with traditions of the East.
- Crossroads between Asia and Europe
Preserving Roman Law
• Thanks to Justinian, the
traditions of Roman Law were
revived. He created a unified
code of law , Justinian’s Code,
that combined individual,
local, and imperial law.
Art and Architecture
• The Hagia Sophia – would be the largest
church ever built for over 1,000 years
• Mosaics – typical art form, designed with
colored stones and small pieces of glass,
covered walls and domes of churches
Education and Literature
• Government supported
schools
• Libraries contained
manuscripts, or hand-written
documents from Greece and
Rome. Homer’s epics and
Roman philosophies were
saved because of this.
Spread of Byzantine Culture
• Visitors from Africa, Europe, and
Asia were lured to Constantinople.
and were amazed by the wealth of
the city, as seen in clothing,
jewelry, and elaborate
ceremonies.
• Merchants came for trade,
scholars came to study, and
artists came to work. As people
worked, traded, and traveled,
Byzantine ideas, religion, and
culture spread throughout the
region.
Missionary Work
• Missionaries, those
who are sent to other
countries to spread
their faith, traveled
throughout Eastern
Europe in the late
800s. The Eastern
Orthodox church was
adopted by Slavic
kingdoms, such as
Russia, Serbia, and
Moravia.
The Russians
Convert
• Inspired by Cyril and
Methodius, Eastern
Orthodox missionaries
travel north to what is
now Russia and the
Ukraine. In 988, the
Prince of Russia
converts, or changes
religions, to the Eastern
Orthodox religion.
The End of the Byzantine Empire
•
•
•
•
•
To the west, Germanic
tribes regained lands
conquered by Justinian
The Persians threatened
borders on the east,
Arabs from the south,
Slavs from the north
Constantinople held
strong until 1204 when
Crusaders sacked the
city.
Civil wars followed, and
the Turks, Serbs,
Bulgarians rise to power.
In 1453, the Ottomans
destroy Constantinople
for the last time.
Constantine XI was the
last representative of an
unbroken line of
emperors stretching
back to Augustus, the
first emperor of Rome.
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