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Byzantium and Islam

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Byzantium and Islam
M a p 7 .4
T h e B y z a n tin e E m p ire , c a . 6 0 0
I.
Formation
a. Evolved from the Eastern Roman Empire
while west disintegrated
b. Maintained Roman legal and political
forms
c. Greek became predominant language
and culture
d. Religion seen as branch of government
e. Separation from the western culture
based upon social and political perceptions of
Christianity
I. Influence on West Europe
a. Served as a bulwark against
eastern invasions
i. Persians
ii.
Slavs
iii.
Muslims
b. Spread Christianity and civilization to
eastern Europe
St Cyril Christianized Russians and
invented Cyrrilic alphabet
I. Reign of Justinian 527 to 565
A. Had problems early in reign
i. Wife Theodora not of Noble blood
ii.
Nike riots – Almost abdicates –
Theodora influences him to stay and
regain control
B.
Attempts to reconquer west
i. Gen. Belisarius leads campaigns
into N. Africa and Italy
ii. Very devastating1.
пЃ¬ 2.
пЃ¬ 3.
пЃ¬
Italy Ravaged
Ostragoths destroyed
Byzantine resources depleted
iii.
N. Africa left weak to Islamic
invaders
C. Code of Justinian
пЃ¬
i. Roman legal system 1000years old
ii. Justinian has experts sort and and
organize law
iii. Result is Corpus Juris Civils
Codified Roman jurisprudence
Islam
I. Foundations
a. Middle east dominated by Byzantium and Sasinid
a. Arabia inhabited by Beduins and Hejazi
b. Mecca religious center
i.
Kaaba
c. Mohammed – Caravan merchant as young man
i. Marries wealthy widow
ii.
Has visions ofGabriel
iii.
Chased out of Mecca
1. Hejira 622
пѓ�
i.
1 Foundation is 5 pillars
пѓ� 2 Mohammed dies in 632
пѓ� 3 most of Arabia United
пѓ�4
Islam spreads out over N Africa,
Persia Spain by 732
M a p 7 .5
T h e E x p a n s io n o f Is lam to 7 3 2
a.
Contributions
i. Mathematics
ii. Medicine
iii.
Agiculture
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