The French Revolution and Napoleon NapoleonвЂ™s Europe Preview вЂў Main Idea / Reading Focus вЂў NapoleonвЂ™s Rise to Power вЂў Emperor Napoleon вЂў Faces of History: Napoleon Bonaparte вЂў Map: NapoleonвЂ™s Empire вЂў NapoleonвЂ™s Policies Section 3 The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 NapoleonвЂ™s Europe Main Idea Napoleon Bonaparte rose through military ranks to become emperor over France and much of Europe. Reading Focus вЂў How did Napoleon rise to power? вЂў How did Emperor Napoleon come to dominate Europe? вЂў What were NapoleonвЂ™s most important policies? The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 NapoleonвЂ™s Rise to Power Napoleon Bonaparte, ruthlessly ambitious, rose from army captain to ruler of France in a very short time. He took advantage of the turmoil of the French Revolution. Opportunities for Glory вЂў Napoleon, brilliant military leader вЂў In charge of French interior at 26 вЂў Invaded Italy and Egypt вЂў Defeat by Admiral Horatio Nelson kept from newspapers вЂў Became national hero Napoleon Seizes Power вЂў Directory weak and ineffective вЂў Fear of royalists and of European opposition вЂў November 1799 coup dвЂ™Г©tat вЂў France to be led by Consulate вЂў Napoleon voted first consul, in effect a dictator Napoleon promised order and stability, pledging to uphold key reforms. The French gave up some freedoms for peace and prosperity. The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Summarize What events led to NapoleonвЂ™s rise to power? Answer(s): stopped royalists from regaining power, defended French interior, won battles in Italy, kept borders secure, won territory for France, covered up Battle of Nile, coup d'Г©tat The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Emperor Napoleon Once France under control, Napoleon turned to Europe вЂў Napoleon crowns himself вЂ“ Submitted a plebiscite before voters вЂ“ Emperor Napoleon I вЂў Desire for empire вЂ“ Wanted to rule Europe and the Americas вЂ“ French expedition to Saint Domingue (Haiti today) failed вЂ“ Napoleon sold Louisiana Territory and turned his focus to Europe The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Quest to Conquer Europe Napoleonic Wars Begin вЂў Extension of wars fought during the French Revolution, would last a decade вЂў France dominant power in Europe вЂў French empire grew rapidly, but fell apart more quickly вЂў Nelson and British navy won Battle of Trafalgar off coast of Spain вЂў Napoleon defeated Russian and Austrian troops at Austerlitz The French Revolution and Napoleon Continental System вЂў вЂњNation of shopkeepers,вЂќ Great Britain continued to defy Napoleon вЂў Blockade prohibited French or allied ships from trade with Britain вЂў Britain required ships from neutral countries to stop in British ports вЂў War of 1812 one result Section 3 The Peninsular War вЂў Troops to Portugal and Spain вЂў Spanish people revolted in 1808 вЂў Great Britain stepped in to help вЂў Guerrilla war with Spanish kept French busy вЂў Napoleon finally pulled out of Spain The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Napoleon Dominates Europe Mastered Most of Europe вЂў Through treaties, alliances, and victories in battle вЂў Controlled much of Europe by 1812 Free of Control вЂў Great Britain remained an enemy вЂў Sweden, Portugal, and the Ottoman Empire escaped BonaparteвЂ™s grip Rewarded Relatives вЂў Relatives put in power; brothers on thrones of Holland, Naples, and Sicily вЂў Sisters and stepson held powerful positions The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Summarizing What regions of Europe did Napoleon dominate? Answer(s): all nations except Great Britain, Sweden, and the Ottoman Empire The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 NapoleonвЂ™s Policies Church-State Relations Economic Reforms вЂў Antireligious nature of French Revolution over вЂў Established the Bank of France to regulate economy вЂў Concordat recognized influence of Roman Catholic Church вЂў More efficient tax-collection system Legal and Educational вЂў Napoleonic Code developed вЂў Order and authority over individual rights вЂў Schools for government and military positions LegacyвЂ”Age of Napoleon вЂў Democratic ideas вЂў Equality before law, representative system вЂў Spread of nationalism The French Revolution and Napoleon Section 3 Identify Cause and Effect How did NapoleonвЂ™s reforms affect French society? Answer(s): Napoleon made some basic revolutionary ideas part of the French government.