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Union Station Precinct Study

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UNION STATION PRECINCT STUDY – PHASE 2
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Union Station Precinct Study – Phase 2
Phase 1 Summary
Phase 2 Work
• Heritage
• Trainshed Development
• Transportation
-Licence Plate Trace Survey Results
-Taxi and Pick up/Drop off Strategy
• Front Street Options
• Next Steps
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Study Schedule
Timing
• Phase 1 Research:
- July to September 2005 COMPLETED
• Phase 2 Design Exploration:
- September to December 2005 ONGOING
• Phase 3 Synthesis:
- January to March 2006
Public Forums
• October 25, 2005
• December 13, 2005
• February 21, 2006
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
SUMMARY PHASE 1
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diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Goals
Transportation
provide recommendations concerning throughtraffic, taxi queuing, and other transportation issues
to make Front Street more accessible to pedestrian
traffic
Heritage
protect and enhance the historical context
Urban Design
create an enhanced and integrated public realm
through a design that coordinates the findings of
the transportation and heritage components of the
study
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Importance of Front Street
•
•
Four Big Moves (Union Station Master Plan, 2004)
1.
An Integrated Public Realm
2.
A Modern Station, Accommodating Change
3.
Revitalization of Underutilized Spaces
4.
Maximized Porousness through Extended Pedestrian Connections
Front Street is a key part of the first Big Move
•
“one of the great places to linger in the City of Toronto”
•
Accommodate pedestrian hustle – proportionately the most significant users of
the street
•
High quality urban design standards
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Urban Analysis
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
At-Grade Proposed Improvements to the Public Realm
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
PHASE 2
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
H E R ITAG E
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Proposed Precinct Boundary – Phase 1
Lakeshore
Walks and Gardens
Rail Corridor
Union Station
Lyle Plan - Area of Influence North
Railway lands
Harbourfront
Harbourfront
Area of influence south
Union Station Pedestrian Area of Influence
Proposed Precinct
Study Boundary
Proposed Precinct Boundary
Lake/City Connections
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Proposed Precinct Boundary – Phase 2
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Heritage Character
18 Yonge St.
Construction of Royal York Hotel
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Beaux Arts Toronto
Dominion Public Building
Royal York Hotel
Union Station
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Modern Post-War
BCE Place
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CN Tower
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Rail History
Round House
Toronto Club
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TRAINSHED DEVELOPMENT
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Why Consider the Potential
Development of the Trainshed?
Ownership
1. When the City purchased Union
Station, the legal development rights
above the trainshed were preserved
(would require a rezoning)
• GO Transit owns from the tracks to
27 feet above
2. As a source of financing to fund a
major transportation upgrade
• GO Transit undergoing Union
Station Rail Corridor Infrastructure
Improvement Program including a
major investment in the trainshed
3. Alternative private access to the
tracks
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Chronology
1989: Council adopts report; Steering
Committee struck; Technical
Subcommittee formed to
consider potential to
develop/overbuild trainshed
1990: – “Review of Possible
Overbuilding of Union
Station and Corridor”
– Railway Lands East Part II
Plan (now Railway Lands East
Secondary Plan)
2005:
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Union Station Precinct Study
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Key Considerations
Major Issues with Development over
the Trainshed
• View Corridors
• Structural feasibility - not possible to
thread structure and service core
through the trainshed without losing
tracks
• Building Size & Scale
• No street address - because main
floor would be approximately 60 feet
in the air
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Future Conditions
Long Term Future Conditions
• Not a viable option in the near future
due to the current investment by GO
Transit and in the interests of
supporting the expected doubling of
ridership in this timeframe
• Redevelopment would have to
consider:
– Burying tracks in order to
provide a street address to the
building
– Possible changes in train
technologies that could permit
required space
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
TRAN S PO RTATI O N
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
NorthWest PATH Connection
•
Integrated with findings from concurrent Pedestrian Study by Arup Napa
•
Phase 1 – Part 2 of Arup Napa’s study recommended a tunnel north from
Union Station under York Street
•
Ongoing considerations:
•
Create legible space
•
Pedestrian-friendly
•
Animated by retail activity
•
Clear wayfinding
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Activity on Front Street West (Bay to York Streets)
•
Existing pedestrian-to-auto ratio is almost 10:1
•
Future pedestrian activity is expected to more than double
•
Example: Weekday Morning Peak Hour
•
Current (approximately): 10,000 pedestrians; 1,100 vehicles/hour
•
2021 estimate: 25,000 pedestrians
•
At adjacent intersections, weekday morning peak hour pedestrian
movements outnumber vehicles, in some cases by a ratio of nearly 3:1
•
Example: Weekday Evening Peak Hour
•
Current (approximately): 5,000 pedestrians; 1,600 vehicles/hour
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Front Street Licence Plate Trace Survey Results
•
Conducted at 3 peak times
•
Taxis: 20% to 30% of traffic
•
1 lane of lane of “through” traffic in the peak direction
•
1/3 of traffic is destined to Front Street corridor (Simcoe St. – Church St.);
•
1/3 of traffic: areas north of Front St.;
•
10% - 15% of traffic: areas south of Front St.
•
6% of traffic: entire Front Street corridor (Simcoe St. – Church St.)
•
U-turns: approximately 150 U-turns (AM) and 250+ in the PM
•
200 or more vehicles making pick-ups / drop-offs
•
70% of these are taxis
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
FRONT STREET OPTIONS
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Importance of Front Street
•
First impression of the City
•
Civic prominence
•
Integration: major transportation hub and key part of city’s public realm
•
For the near future, draw is still movement north of Union Station – making
Front Street even more important as the number of commuters increase
•
City is taking an opportunity to make this an amazing space, within a
thoughtfully designed and planned Precinct
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Taxi, and Pick up/Drop off Strategy – Option 1
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Taxi, and Pick up/Drop off Strategy – Option 2
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Evaluation Criteria
•
Expand Pedestrian Realm – Increase Sidewalk
•
Expand Pedestrian Realm – Make Front Street “one of the great places to
linger”
•
Expand Pedestrian Realm – Improve Street Crossings
•
Enhances Heritage Qualities of Front Street
•
Accommodates Cyclists
•
Accommodates Taxi Waiting Areas and Pick-up/Drop-off Facilities
•
Accommodates Traffic
•
Accommodates Maintenance and Emergency Vehicle Access
•
Roadway Design Elements
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 1 – Status Quo
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 2 – Bicycle Lane
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 3 – Layby (Two Lanes)
Bay St.
York St.
Option 4 – Layby (Four Lanes)
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 5 – Layby (Two Lanes & Median)
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 6 – Median (Two Lanes)
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 7 – Median (Four Lanes)
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 8 – One Way (One Lane)
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 9 – One Way (Two Lanes)
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Option 10 - Closure
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Union Station Precinct Study
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 11 – Centre (Two Lanes)
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 12 – Centre (Four Lanes)
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 13 – Narrowed Road (Two Lanes)
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Bay St.
York St.
Option 14 – Narrowed Road (Four Lanes)
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 9 - One Way (Two Lanes)
This option includes two lanes of eastbound traffic, and taxi queuing and pick-up/drop-off activity accommodated
in laybys. It would also be necessary to implement this scheme from Bay Street to Yonge Street, at which point
Front Street is an existing one-way street in the eastbound direction.
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 11 - Centre (Two Lanes)
This option includes an at-grade centre median, used partially to accommodate taxi queueing, and one
lane of through traffic in each direction. The curb lane is used for brief pick-up and drop-off activity,
opening up the street between Union Station and the Fairmont Royal York Hotel.
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 13 - Narrowed Road (Two Lanes)
This option includes one lane of through traffic in each direction, and taxi queuing and pick-up/drop-off
activity accommodated in laybys.
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Bay St.
York St.
Option 14 - Narrowed Road (Four Lanes)
This option includes two lanes of through traffic in each direction, and taxi queuing and pick-up/drop-off
activity accommodated in laybys.
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diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Public Realm Surface
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
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diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
architectsAlliance. / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
architectsAlliance / e.r.a. architects / entra consultants
diana gerrard landscape architecture / bruce mau design inc. / mki
Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Clean up the Street
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Paving Pattern - Precedent
Streets - Washington
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Union Station Precinct Study
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Paving Pattern - Precedent
Streets - Paris
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Paving Pattern
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Union Station Precinct Study
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Push The Pedestrian Agenda
Scale up the pedestrian signage on Front Street – create bold
crosswalks, graphics and timed crossing signals so that its
importance is enhanced.
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Push The Pedestrian Agenda
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
PRECINCT MARKERS
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Union Station Precinct Study
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Protect the Public Realm
Install markers in and around Union Square to delineate its boundaries.
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Union Station Precinct Study
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Create an Attraction
Bring new signage attractions into the area. Develop the design of all
graphic components to draw people to the area – the signs become
an attraction themselves.
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Welcome to Toronto
Announce to the visitor that they have arrived.
Make the PATH, GO, VIA, TTC systems evident above grade through
better entrance signage, better map directories and better wayfinding.
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Welcome to Toronto
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
Next Steps
•
Union Plaza
•
NorthWest PATH Connection
•
Bicycle & Taxi operation strategies
•
Continue to consult with stakeholders
•
Next public forum: February 21, 2006
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
COMMENTS
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Union Station Precinct Study
TORONTO, CANADA
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