close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

higher history

код для вставкиСкачать
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
ISSUE 4
The reasons for the ultimate success of
Bruce in maintaining Scotland’s independence
Sub issue
The opposition of many Scots to Robert Bruce
Sub issue
Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader
Sub issue
The methods used by Bruce to attain the peace
settlement made with England in 1328
ISSUE 4 The reasons for the ultimate success of
Bruce in maintaining Scotland’s independence
Activity 1: Timeline of Events (70 minutes)
In order to understand the chronology you are going to create an accurate, detailed
and imaginative timeline that will help you to understand the issue.
This timeline should include:
•Agreement with Bishops Lamberton and Wishart- Cambuskenneth, 11th of
June 1304
•The murder of Comyn-10th Feb. 1306
•Inauguration as King of Scots-Scone, 25th March 1306
•The defeat at Methven Woods, 19th June 1306
•Escape from Edward and family troubles, Winter of 1306-07
•Civil war in Scotland, 1307-1309
•Bruce’s tactics 1309-14
•Battle of Bannockburn, 1314
•Declaration of Arbroath, 1320
•Treaty of Edinburgh 1328
ISSUE 4 The reasons for the ultimate success of Bruce
in maintaining Scotland’s independence
•Support of Clergy (Wishart and Lamberton) determined to regain
independence
•Winning of the Civil War and defeat of English Garrisons up to 1314
•Decisive victory over English at Bannockburn led to the recognition of
his legitimacy as King of Scots in Scotland.
•Bannockburn was a huge financial boost for Kingdom (£200,000 +
ransoms)
•Declaration of Arbroath convinced Pope of legitimacy of Bruce and
Scots independence.
•After Edward II deposed by his Barons led by his wife Isabella and Lord
Mortimer raids into North of England increased pressure on English to
recognise separate Scottish Kingdom
•Treaty of Edinburgh, 1328, official recognition of Bruce as King of Scots
and Scotland as a separate kingdom.
MARKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR
CONTEXTUALISATION QUESTIONS
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Source E explains the reasons for the ultimate success of Bruce in maintaining
Scotland’s independence by stating that the Scots victory at Bannockburn inflicted
heavy casualties upon the English mounted Knights and ensured that the English
king could not launch another invasion of Scotland in the following years.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Academic Task:
You are going to have 30 minutes to gather evidence to
answer one of the following questions.
1.
Explain the opposition of many Scots to Robert
Bruce.
2.
Describe Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader.
3.
Explain the methods used by Bruce to attain the
peace settlement made with England in 1328.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Academic Task:
You now have 20 minutes in your expert groups to
consolidate and check your information for relevance
and accuracy.
Social Task:
Sharing information; coming to a consensus; equal
participation
1.
Explain the opposition of many Scots to Robert Bruce
2.
Describe Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader
3.
Explain the methods used by Bruce to attain the peace
settlement made with England in 1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Academic Task:
You now have 15 minutes back in your home groups to
deliver your sub-topic review to the other 2 members.
Social Task:
Sharing information; explaining succinctly
1.
Explain the opposition of many Scots to Robert Bruce
2.
Describe Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader
3.
Explain the methods used by Bruce to attain the peace
settlement made with England in 1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Academic Task:
You are going to write 3 short essays (8 marks).
Each essay will have an introduction, 5 developed points
and a conclusion.
1.
Explain the opposition of many Scots to Robert
Bruce.
2.
Describe Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader.
3.
Explain the methods used by Bruce to attain the
peace settlement made with England in 1328.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Academic Task:
You are going to create a group response to the 3
questions you have worked on.
1.
Explain the opposition of many Scots to Robert
Bruce.
2.
Describe Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader.
3.
Explain the methods used by Bruce to attain the
peace settlement made with England in 1328.
You will complete this exercise for each of the 3 questions
You will have 15 minutes per question=45 minute exercise
Directions:
1. Explain the
opposition of
many Scots to
Robert Bruce.
Each group has one sheet of paper
divided into 4 (or 3) individual areas
and 1 common area.
2. Describe
Robert Bruce’s
abilities as a
military leader.
Each person writes responses to the
question on their own within a time
limit.
The group then shares
individual responses.
their
The group comes to a consensus on
the answer(s) to the question and
records their response in the
common area.
COMMON
AREA
3. Explain the
methods used
by Bruce to
attain the peace
settlement
made with
England in
1328.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Comyn family opposed to
him because of murder of
John Comyn of Badenoch
Bruce had killed
Comyn in a
church. This was
an offence against
God himself
Many nobles still
supported Balliol’s claim
to the Scottish throne and
see Bruce as a usurper
Explain the
opposition of many
Scots to Robert
Bruce
Bruce’s brutality during the
civil war led to loss of
support, Herschip of
Buchan
Bruce had changed sides on
a number of occasions and
had given allegiance to
Edward and acted as a
Guardian of Scotland
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Use of guerrilla tactics
meant he could
outmanoeuvre larger
English forces and
force them to retire for
lack of supplies
Winning of duel against
De Bohun showed his
skill as a warrior and
further inspired his men
Knew that he had to
destroy castles rather than
hold them during the civil
war to stay mobile
Describe Robert
Bruce’s abilities as
a military leader
Prepared the ground and
trained the Scottish army to
fight together and win against
superior English forces at
Bannockburn
Able to draw the English
forces into land that he
had prepared for battle at
Loudon Hill , 1307
Managed to mastermind
the defeat of the powerful
Comyn family in Scotland
and win the Civil war
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
Winning of Battle of
Bannockburn
Further raids and
avoidance of all out
battle with English in
the field 1327-28
Retaking of all Scots
castles and then
Berwick by 1318
Declaration of Arbroath
used to get political
support from papacy
Explain the methods used
by Bruce to attain the
peace settlement made
with England in 1328
Opening of a second
front in Ireland led by
Edward Bruce to put
pressure on Edward II
Invasion attempts by
Edward II in 1322 and
1323 hampered by
Scots invading
Northern England and
attacking Carlisle
Regular raids and
destruction of the North
of England to force a
settlement-1315, 16
and 18
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
The source illustrates that Bruce raised a large army to attack the North of England to
force the English to make peace. This put pressure on the English king to make
peace with the Scots to stop these attacks.
The source further illustrates the methods used by Bruce to attain the peace settlement
with England as it shows how Bruce’s forces besieged Norham and Alnwick Castles
to try and capture them and take control of the surrounding areas.
The source further illustrates the methods used by Bruce to attain the peace settlement
with England as it states how Bruce gave lands in Northumberland to his followers.
This ensured that these men were loyal to Bruce and caused other English nobles
to swear allegiance to Bruce to keep their lands.
Finally, the source illustrates the methods used by Bruce to attain the peace settlement
with England as it tells us how Bruce continued to destroy and ravage the North of
England, estate by estate, until the English were forced to make peace.
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HIGHER HISTORY: The Wars of Independence 1286-1328
HOLIDAY HOMEWORK! You are going to write 4 detailed reports on the Scottish
Wars of Independence. Each report will have 3 sections (the Sub Issues).
The Reports will be clearly titled and written in paragraphs.
Remember. Without this knowledge you will fail Paper 2!
Question 1: Explain the succession problem in Scotland from 1286-92.
I.
The problems caused by the death of Alexander III
II. The reasons for the Scots’ appeal to Edward.
III. Edward’s resolution of the Great Cause
Question 2: Describe the relationship between John Balliol and Edward I.
I.
John Balliol’s difficulties in ruling Scotland
II. Scottish responses to Edward’s overlordship
III. Edward’s subjugation of the Scots in 1296
Question 3: Describe Scottish resistance to Edward I, 1296-1305.
I.
The growth of Scottish resistance to Edward, 1296-7
II. The changing military balance between Scotland and England, 1298-1301
III. The crushing of Scottish resistance by Edward, 1301-5
Question 4: Explain the reasons for the ultimate success of Bruce in maintaining Scotland’s independence.
I.
The opposition of many Scots to Robert Bruce
II. Robert Bruce’s abilities as a military leader
III. The methods used by Bruce to attain the peace settlement made with England in 1328
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
13
Размер файла
1 212 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа