The Rise and Triumph of Robert Bruce: 1306вЂ“1314 Bruce before 1306 вЂў Robert Bruce was the grandson of the competitor who took part in the Great Cause in 1292. вЂў Robert BruceвЂ™s father, the Earl of Carrick and Lord of Annandale, held extensive lands in France and England. In 1292 he resigned Carrick to his son, the future king. вЂў Barrow has argued Bruce had been behind WallaceвЂ™s rebellion, hoping that Wallace would win and not putting his lands in jeopardy. вЂў Others have argued Bruce was not really interested in helping Wallace because he did not want to see Balliol returned to the throne. Scottish rivalry вЂў Robert surrendered in 1302 to Edward. вЂў Since the Battle of Falkirk, Robert had led the Scottish resistance along with his fellow guardian, John вЂ�the RedвЂ™ Comyn. вЂў However, Robert and John could not work together. вЂў After Balliol was discredited, his relatives the Comyn family believed they were next in line to the throne. The war, phase 2 вЂў Edward I believed he had settled the Scottish problem after the execution of Wallace. вЂў The brutal killing and dismemberment of Wallace was supposed to have quelled the Scottish people. вЂў But this seems to have had the opposite effect, as many Scots were angered by WallaceвЂ™s treatment. вЂў Bruce decided that with Edward returning to France it was now the right time to make his bid for the throne. вЂў But first he needed to gain the support of Comyn. Murder at Greyfriars вЂў Comyn, John BalliolвЂ™s nephew, practically ruled most of northern Scotland. вЂў Bruce controlled most of the south west and central lowlands of Scotland. вЂў Neither could effectively rule Scotland without the consent of the other. вЂў So Robert invited his rival to a meeting at Greyfriars Abbey in Dumfries in 1306 (10 February). вЂў Bruce hoped to convince Comyn to join forces under RobertвЂ™s leadership. Murder at Greyfriars (continued) вЂў What actually happened at the meeting is unclear, but at some point Robert lost his temper and stabbed Comyn. вЂў At the time this was a shocking event. вЂў It meant that Robert was an instant criminal. Worse, there was the possibility of excommunication. вЂў This caused Robert to lose a lot of support in the south and most of the north of Scotland. http://lochness1.hypermart.net/ scottish-history-heritage/1306the-real-braveheart.html Civil war вЂў Robert in one move had managed to cause what every Guardian of Scotland had tried to avoid since 1286 вЂ¦ civil war. вЂў In order to prevent himself from being arrested Robert rushed to get himself crowned at Scone. вЂў This was a political move: as king he could not be arrested for the murder of Comyn. вЂў He was inaugurated by Bishop Wishart and the Countess of Buchan. EdwardвЂ™s reaction вЂў Edward was by no means happy at hearing of yet another rebellion. вЂў By June 1306, BruceвЂ™s small army had been destroyed by Sir Aymer de ValenceвЂ™s English army at Methven, near Perth. вЂў The defeat scattered BruceвЂ™s party. Bruce fled west only to be routed near Loch Tay and defeated again by ComynвЂ™s cousin, John MacDougall of Lorn, at Dail Righ. вЂў Edward confiscated all of BruceвЂ™s lands, executed one of his brothers and captured his wife and sister at Kildrummy Castle, placing them in a wooden cage. Kildrummy BruceвЂ™s brother and family are captured after the castle is betrayed Defeat Dail Righ Bruce is defeated and flees Scotland Defeat Kirkintilloch Wishart pays for siege engines; Bruce captures the castle Kirkintilloch VICTORY Carrick Bruce and his two brothers try to win back their castle. His brothers are captured and executed Defeat Cupar Cupar captured by Bishop Wishart VICTORY Methven Woods Bruce is surprised and defeated Defeat Guerrilla warfare вЂў Bruce spent the winter travelling the islands of Scotland gaining support. вЂў He returned to Ayrshire and raised a new army. вЂў For the next seven years he engaged in a war with the supporters of Comyn in the north east and the English in the central belt. вЂў BruceвЂ™s victory in this civil war was a major achievement, considering how many Scottish nobles were against him. вЂў However, he was aided in 1307 by the death of Edward I. BruceвЂ™s successes вЂў In early 1307 Bruce returned to Scotland and captured Turnberry Castle (although two of his brothers were defeated in Galloway and executed by Edward I). вЂў He then defeated a small English force at Glen Trool. вЂў On 10 May 1307 at Louden Hill Bruce defeated the English, led by Aymer de Valence. вЂў Bruce then captured Inverlochy, Urquhart, Inverness and Nairn castles from the Comyns and their followers. вЂў In the battle of Inverurie in 1308 Bruce defeated his enemies in the north east. He then went on to devastate the area, burning crops and livestock. This was known as the Herschip of Buchan. вЂў At the same time, BruceвЂ™s brother Edward led a successful attack on Galloway. BruceвЂ™s successes вЂў By late summer 1308 Bruce was able to launch a successful campaign against Alexander and John MacDougall in Argyll, achieving victory in the battle of the Pass of Brander and capturing Dunstaffnage Castle. вЂў Bruce held his first official parliament at St Andrews in March 1309. вЂў The Declaration of the Clergy was written in 1309 to justify BruceвЂ™s kingship. вЂў BruceвЂ™s supporters captured Perth Castle from the English in 1309. вЂў Bruce went on to gain control of Dumfries (1313), the Isle of Man (1313), Linlithgow (1313), Roxburgh (1313) and Edinburgh (1314). вЂў By October 1313 Bruce felt confident enough to issue an ultimatum to his nobles; they had one year to accept his authority before they would face losing their lands. BruceвЂ™s successes вЂў By late 1313 only Berwick and Stirling remained in English hands. Reasons for RobertвЂ™s successes вЂў Death of Edward I вЂ“ Edward had been the driving force behind English opposition. вЂў Edward II had little or no interest in continuing the conflict. вЂў Robert proved to be an excellent commander . вЂў Robert rewarded his followers by giving them large grants of land taken from his enemies. вЂў Robert took the brave decision to destroy Scottish castles rather than risk them falling into the hands of the English. Reasons for RobertвЂ™s successes (continued) вЂў RobertsвЂ™s enemies in Scotland may have been powerful, but they were located in isolated areas. Thus, they couldnвЂ™t support each other. вЂў Bruce quickly controlled Moray, allowing him internal lines of communication. вЂў The Scottish Church supported him and Bishop Wishart claimed fighting the English was the equivalent of going on a crusade. вЂў Bruce gained important foreign aid through Aberdeen. вЂў As long as Bruce controlled the north he had a reservoir of manpower and a place to escape.