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Exploring New Jersey - Toms River Regional Schools

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4th Grade Social Studies
New Jersey
• This power point presentation is to be used
in conjunction with the 4th grade Social
Studies book. It is to be used after
completing the section on “Exploring Your
State… Colorado.”
• Research done by: Ms. M. Cox, Mrs. K.
Ferlsan, and Mrs. K. Rettino
• Power Point by: Mrs. K. Rettino
Here we are!
Capital : Trenton
State Bird: Eastern Goldfinch
State Tree: Red Oak
State Animal: Horse
State Insect: Honeybee
State Flower: Purple Violet
State Motto: “Liberty and Prosperity”
Environment
• New Jersey is the 47th
largest state. From North to
South it covers 167 Miles.
From East to West it is 57
miles.
• It covers 7,836 square miles.
• Its highest point is 1,803 ft
in High Point, NJ.
• It has a population of
8,484,431.
• New Jersey has 4 major land
regions: Atlantic Coastal
Plains, Piedmont, New
England Upland, and
Appalachian Ridge and
Valley Region.
Major Highways:
Garden State
Parkway
New Jersey
Turnpike
Interstate 195
Did you know that our
state is located half way
between the North Pole
and the Equator?
Due to its location the
climate tends to be wet,
dry, hot and very variable.
There are 5 climate
regions in the state.
The “prevailing westerly”
also cause dramatic
changes to the climate
across the state.
The temperature differences
between the north and south are
greatest in the winter and the
least in the summer.
The average rainfall is 43 –47
inches.
Snowfall occurs in the
highlands between October 15
and April 30.
In the southern counties
snowfall occurs on the average
between November 15 and
April 15.
On the average, the state has
25 – 30 thunderstorms per
year.
There are approximately 5
tornados during the year;
however they tend to be weak.
New Jersey also has coastal
storms also known as
“Nor’easters” These storms
can be very dangerous and
cause severe damage.
Temperatures
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
-20
-40
The highest temperature
recorded was on July 10,
1936.
110
85.6
24.2
-34
Temperatures
Degrees
Fahrenheit
Highest
Temp
Lowest
Temp
Average
Temps
Average
Temps
The lowest recorded
temperature was on
January 5, 1904.
What are some
resources of
NJ?
Farm products: Tomatoes,
peaches, blueberries,
cranberries, cabbage,
lettuce, and beef cattle.
Mining products: crushed
stone, sand and gravel,
clay, and peat.
Fishing: clams, oysters,
scallops, and flounder.
Manufacturing is the number
one industry in the state.
Tourism is the second largest
industry in the state.
Newark, Elizabeth and Camden
are ports for commerce and the
import and export of products.
New Jersey People and Heritage
• The first people to live in New Jersey
were the Lenni Lenape Indians. They
were peaceful and helpful people.
• New Jersey has residents from many
different races and countries. Some of
these are African Americans, Hispanic,
Asian, Dutch, Swedish, English, Irish,
German, and Italy.
Early Explorers
• First known explorer of
New Jersey was Giovanni
da Verrazano. He
explored the Northern
Shore in 1594.
• Henry Hudson arrived in
1609 and sailed the tip of
the river that was
eventually named for him.
• The Dutch and Swedish
also settled here.
Cities
Camden
Trenton
Hamilton
Dover
Woodbridge
Edison
Elizabeth
Paterson
Jersey City
Newark
258,000
228,000
198,000
Population 168,000
138,000
108,000
78,000
The helmet and the horse's head crest
represent New Jersey's independence as
a state.
The woman holding a staff with a liberty cap
on top is Liberty, who represents freedom.
The woman on the right is the Roman goddess of grain,
Ceres. She holds an ice-cream-cone-shaped basket, called
a cornucopia, filled with the many fruits and vegetables
produced in New Jersey.
The three plows on the shield symbolize the agricultural
tradition of New Jersey.
The state's motto "Liberty and Prosperity" is written on
the scroll. 1776 is the year New Jersey became a state
Did You Know?
New Jersey was the
first state to allow
women to vote.
In 1933, the
world’s first drivein movie theater
opened near
Camden
Astronaut,
Edwin “Buzz”
Aldrin was born
in Montclair.
Credits
http://www.state.nj.us/transportation/gis/index.htm
http://www.state.nj.us/hangout_nj/assignment_symbols.html
http://www.netstate.com/states/geography/nj_geography.htm
http://www.netstate.com/states/quiz/nj_quiz.htm
http://climate.rutgers.edu/stateclim/njclimoverview.html
http://www.americasroof.com/nj.shtml
http://govinfo.kerr.orst.edu/gif/states/nj.gif
http://www.state.nj.us/travel/regions.htm
http://www.state.nj.us/njfacts/bug.htm
From Sea to Shining Sea- New Jersey
By: Dennis Brindell Fradin, Children’s Press, Chicago, 1993.
New Jersey Yesterday and Today
By Elaine Fay, Silver, Burdett and Ginn Inc. 1987.
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