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Hazardous Materials Power Point

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HAZARDOUS
MATERIALS
SELF-TEST
• 1. What are the two major groups of Hazardous Materials?
• 2. What are the steps that comprise the process of Hazardous Materials
handling?
• 3. What is a MSDS sheet?
• 4. How should Hazardous Chemicals be stored?
• 5. What is PPE?
GOAL
• Minimize/prevent claims of personal
injury, liability, and property damage
associated with the improper
handling, storage, and/or disposal of
hazardous materials
OBJECTIVES
• Understand how to recognize hazardous materials
in the workplace
• Understand the processes of how to develop and
manage the safe and proper handling, storage,
and disposal of hazardous materials
• Understand how to minimize the risk of handling,
storing, and disposing of hazardous materials
• Understand the components necessary to comply
with the Loss Prevention audit questions
Regulations
&
Requirements
Federal
Regulations
• 29 CFR 1910 – Workplace Safety (OSHA)
• 40 CFR – Environment (EPA)
• 49 CFR – Transportation (DOT)
Generator
Transporter
Disposer
Secondary Transporter
Secondary
Consumer
General Safety Audit
Question #10
• A. “Is there a written hazardous materials
program including policies and procedures
for handling, storing and using hazardous
materials from receipt through final
disposal?
• B. “Are there any hazardous materials present?
If so:
General Safety Audit
Question #10 cont’d
• “Is there training and appropriate monitoring
of personnel who manage or regularly come
into contact with hazardous materials?
• “Are there procedures to follow in the use of
Personal Protective Equipment and
directions to get assistance?
General Safety Audit
Question #10 cont’d
• “Are Material Safety Data Sheets reviewed
with the employee, maintained in the work
area and made available to the employee?”
HAZ-MAT
HANDLING
General Process
• 1. Recognize hazardous materials
• 2. Research and develop policies and
procedures
• 3. Evaluate for effectiveness
• 4. Revise & re-implement, when needed
DEFINITIONS
Hazardous material
– Physical
– Health
Examples
• Corrosives
• Explosives
• Flammables
• Oxidizers
• Combustibles
• Peroxides
Examples
cont’d
• Bio-hazardous materials
• Carcinogens
• Ionizing radiation
• Poisons &
etiological
agents
• Compressed gases
DEFINITIONS
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)—
– Devices and equipment that provides a barrier between
an employee and a hazardous environment
• Routes of exposure
–
–
–
–
Ingestion
Inhalation
Perenteral
Cutaneous
1. Recognize
• Identify ALL processes that utilize
hazardous chemicals in the workplace
– ALL locations
– ALL buildings
Examples
• Maintenance operations
– Chiller systems, boiler systems, paints,
adhesives, lubricants, solvents, poisons,
fuels
• Manufacturing/Production operations
– Dyes, inks, paints, compressed gases,
fuels, etc…
Examples
• Scientific/Research operations
– Laboratory chemicals, bio-hazardous
materials, ionizing radiation sources
• Custodial operations
– Cleansers, bleach, waxes & polishes,
disinfectants
2. Research/&
Develop
• Use MSDS’s to research:
– PPE requirements
• Requires Haz-Com knowledge and
implementation!!
– Spill/release procedures
2. Research
& Develop
• Emergency procedures
– Ex. Fire fighting
• Control measures
– Emergency equipment
– PPE
PPE
• Usage
• Availability
• Selection
– Adequate type and class
Only use
ANSI approved
protection!!!
PPE
• Fit
– Individual basis
• Inspection
– Prior to use
• Maintenance & decontamination
– Consult manufacturer for approved
methods
PPE
types
PPE types
• Head protection
– 2 types
– 4 classes
• Eye and face protection
– Must meet ANSI 287.1-1968
PPE types
cont’d
• Ear protection
• Respiratory protection
PPE types
cont’d
• Torso protection
Foot and leg protection
PPE types
cont’d
• Arm and hand protection
PPE
Classes
Class A
• Highest level of respiratory, eye, and skin
protection
Class B
• Highest level of respiratory and eye
protection
• Cutaneous and percutaneous exposure to
small unprotected areas is not probable
Class C
• Same as level B, but a lesser level of
respiratory protection
Class D
• Basic work uniform
2. Policies &
Procedures
• Develop and implement work procedures
• MSDS should be readily available
• Develop & implement PPE Policy
– Should apply to ALL affected employees,
vendors, and visitors!!
2. Policies &
Procedures
• Establish a procurement procedure
• Establish safe work practices
Procurement
Policy & Procedure
• Indicate responsibilities and
procedures for:
– Ordering
– Receiving
– Inventories
Ordering
• Identify procedure for requesting an order
– Who’s responsibility?
• Name
• Phone Number
• Email address
– Form??
• Do NOT order if:
– PPE is not available
– Adequate storage facility not available
– Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life
Do NOT order if:
1. PPE is not available
2. Adequate storage facility not
available
3. Cannot use all prior to the
shelf-life
Receiving
• Who’s responsibility?
• Do NOT accept if:
– Not properly labeled
– Package is not intact
– No MSDS
Inventory
• Each location
• Indicate frequency
• Record-keeping requirements
Safe Work Practices
•
•
•
•
•
No smoking while handling
Always wear proper PPE
Always handle with care
Avoid skin contact
Wash hands prior to leaving work area
Safe Work Practices
• Treat all unknown chemicals as hazardous
materials
• Containers are NOT to be used for food
preparation or consumption
• Use proper containment when transporting
through work area
3. Evaluate
• Routine inspections
– Identify concerns
• Examples
– Quarterly or Monthly safety inspections
– State Fire Marshal inspections
– ORM audit inspection
4. Revise
• Implement corrective action to correct
identified concerns
• Examples
–
–
–
–
Revising policies/procedures
Retraining employees
Re-organizing the workplace
Procuring supplies
HAZ-MAT
STORAGE
DEFINITIONS
• Flashpoint
• Flammable
• Combustible
• Oxidizer
• Incompatability
General Process
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Identify hazardous materials to be stored
Communicate reportable quantities
Research and plan
Layout the storage area
Establish procedures
Implement necessary controls
Evaluate (and revise as necessary)
1. Identify
• All haz-mat to be stored
– Include ALL locations
2. Communicate
• Reportable quantities
– Louisiana State Police
• Tier II form
• Local fire departments
• LEPC
– Local Emergency Planning Committee
– One in each parish
3. Research
• Review:
–
–
–
–
MSDS,
Safety codes,
Laws/standards, and/or
Regulations
• Specifications on storage units:
–
–
–
–
Fire rating
Proper signage
Ventilation requirements
Proximity/location
4. Layout
• Assign storage spaces in accordance with
compatibility requirements
5. Establish
Procedures
• Safety work practices
– Upon receipt, move immediately to storage area
– Keep in original container
– Do NOT store near stairwell, elevator, or
hallways
– Do NOT store near combustibles
(ie. Paper/cardboard)
– Inspect routinely
• During your monthly/quarterly inspection
(be sure it is documented)
6. Implement
• Follow your written procedures
7. Evaluate
• Inspections (from the result of an
inspection, you may need to revise a
procedure, as necessary)
HAZ-MAT
DISPOSAL
DEFINITIONS
• Hazardous waste
– Definition
• Different states:
–
–
–
–
Solid
Semi-solid
Liquid
Contained gas
• Different characteristics:
- Ignitability
- Corrosivity
- Reactivity
- Toxicity
Not all hazardous materials
yield hazardous waste!!
Not all waste products are
hazardous!!
Example
1 HCl
Hydorchloric
Acid
+
1 NaOH
1 NaCL
Sodium
Hydroxide
Sodium
Chloride
(Table Salt)
Reactants
+
Products
1 H2 O
Water
DEFINITIONS
• Generator
– Definition
• 3 Categories
• Conditionally exempt generators
– No more than 100 Kg. per month
• Small quantity generators
– 100 to 1000 Kg. per month
• Large quantity generators
– 1000 Kg. or more per month
The Line Of Custody
• Cradle-to-grave
– Responsibility and liability for each party
Generator
(Cradle)
Transporter
Disposer
(Grave)
Secondary Transporter
Secondary
Consumer
General Process
• 1. Identify hazardous waste(s) and
sources
• 2. Analyze & modify the work process
• 3. Research and plan
• 4. Establish procedures
• 5. Implement (and revise as needed)
1. Identify
• Waste hazard codes
–
–
–
–
–
–
Ignitable waste
Corrosive waste
Reactive waste
Toxicity Characteristic Waste
Acute Hazardous Waste
Toxic Waste
Type I
Type C
Type R
Type E
Type H
Type T
Identify
• Hazardous waste numbers
– Non-specific sources
• F-Waste Table
– Specific sources
• K-Waste Table
Important for record-keeping, notification, and reporting!!!
Identify
• Discarded commercial chemical products
– Type H
• P-Waste table
– Type T, R, I, and C
• U-Waste table
Important for record-keeping, notification, and reporting!!!
2. Analyze &
Modify
• Is there anyway to reduce the risk??
– Replace with non-hazardous chemicals
– Minimize the amount of waste
• Usable quantities
• System efficiency
3. Research & Plan
• Who…will handle the waste?
– Employees
– Contracted service
• What…is the risk comparison?
Employees
Contracted Service
В·Training
В·Liability
В·Equipment
В·Man hours
В·Partial liability
Research & Plan
• Where…can I research the contract
vendors?
– Office of Contractual Review website
– http://www.state.la.us/ocr/pql2.htm
• When…should the waste be picked up?
– Frequency
• How…can I track the effluent waste?
4. Establish
Procedures
• Written in a clear & concise manner, and
made available to all those who need it
4. Establish
procedures
• Policies & Procedures that employees are
mandated to follow
• This should be stated in the overall HZ.
Mat. Program
• Observations
5. Implement
• Train employees on the procedure/s
(and be sure to Document!)
Employee
Safety
Identify Exposure
• Employees are responsible for handling
hazardous materials/waste
–
–
–
–
1.
2.
3.
4.
Lab Technicians
Printing Technicians
Haz. Mat./Loss Prevention Officer
Hospital Cleaning Crew
Medical
Surveillance System
•
•
•
•
•
Pre-employment physical examinations
Employee medical records
Employee exposure records
Periodic health examinations
First aid systems
Pre-employment
Exams
• Determine the general health status
• Determine ability/disability to perform work
– If the prospective employee cannot meet the
job requirements, his/her services is not
needed!!!
• Should assess relevant areas of the body
– Ex: Ears, for exposure to noise levels above
OSHA requirements
Employee Medical
Records
• Documentation of the health status of “at
risk” employees
– Made or maintained by physician, nurse, or
other health care personnel
• Confidentiality
– Separate
– Secure
Employee Medical
Records
• Should include:
– Medical and employment questionnaires
– Results of medical exams
– Medical diagnoses, opinions, and physician’s
notes and recommendations
– Descriptions of treatments
– Prescriptions
– Employee medical complaints
Employee Medical
Records
• Should NOT include:
– Blood and urine samples not needed for
medical or legal requirements
– Records concerning health insurance and
workers’ compensation claims (if maintained
separately)
– Employee assistance program records (if
maintained separately)
– Drug testing program records (if maintained
separately)
Employee Exposure
Records
• Documentation of exposure to a toxic
substance or a harmful physical agent via
any route
• Harmful physical agents
• Hazardous chemicals or biological agents
– Physical stresses
• Noise, heat, cold, vibration, repetitive motion,
ionizing radiation, and non-ionizing radiation
Exposure & Medical
Records
• Retention time
– Medical records: employment + 30 years
– Exposure records: at least 30 years
• Access
– Open for employees, their designees, and
OSHA
Periodic Health
Exams
• May be on a voluntary or required basis
• Required
– For employees with exposure
• Frequency depends on:
– Quality of engineering controls
– Nature of the exposure
– Findings on each examination
Periodic Health
Exams
• Special examinations
– Return-to-work
• Purpose
– Control communicable diseases
– Determine ability to return after NONoccupational illness or injury
First Aid Systems
• Employer provisions
– At least one person trained in First Aid if:
• No medical personnel onsite
• Medical facility not within close proximity
– Written plan for medical emergencies
• Records retention
– Employment + 30 years
POST-TEST
• See Handout
REFERENCES
REFERENCES
• Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
www.epa.gov
REFERENCES
• Occupational Safety & Health Administration
(OSHA)
• (202) 693-1888
www.osha.gov
REFERENCES
• Louisiana State Police in Baton Rouge
– Right-to-Know Unit
• Phone: (225) 925-6113
www.lsp.org/rtk.html
REFERENCES
• LA. Office of the State Fire Marshal
• Phone: 1-800-256-5452
www.dps.state.la.us/sfm/index.htm
REFERENCES
• LA. Department of
Environmental Quality
(DEQ)
• Phone:
(225) 765-0219
www.deq.state.la.us
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