close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Landscape Design - Wayne County Public Schools

код для вставкиСкачать
Landscape Design
Competencies 17.00-21.00
Landscaping Careers
What is Landscaping?
Landscaping is a profession that includes
designing, installing, and maintaining the
outdoor human environment.
пЃ¬ There are 3 branches of the landscaping
industry
пЃ¬
Landscape Architecture
пЃ¬ Landscape Contractors
пЃ¬ Landscape Maintenance
пЃ¬
Landscape Architects
Licensed professions
пЃ¬ Conceptualize and plan the outdoor
environment or landscape for residential
and commercial clients.
пЃ¬ Landscape designers usually do actual
drawings for residential landscapes.
пЃ¬
Landscape Contractors
Carry out the installation or actual
construction of the landscape plan
пЃ¬ Often use subcontractors to do special
work such as pools, electrical work,
stonework, etc.
пЃ¬
Landscape Maintenance
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Extended care of
existing landscapes
The care and upkeep
of the landscape after
installation
Design-build Firms
пЃ¬
Landscape businesses that handle
everything from the initial contact with the
client through design and construction as
well as long-term care and maintenance.
Landscape Nursery Worker
пЃ¬
Professional who sells and installs landscape
plants and related materials.
Types of Landscape Plans
Types of Landscape Plans
пЃ¬
There are three types of plans used in
landscaping
Sequential
пЃ¬ Computer Assisted
пЃ¬ Graphics
пЃ¬
Landscape Plans
Sequential Plans
Each part of the plan is increasingly more
specific and detailed.
пЃ¬ Includes
пЃ¬
Functional diagrams
пЃ¬ Preliminary designs
пЃ¬ Final Plans
пЃ¬
Sequential Plans-Functional
Diagrams
Begin the arrangement of the client’s
program on the site.
 Called “bubble diagrams” because they
use loosely drawn freeform shapes to
represent areas or spaces
пЃ¬ Help the designer make decisions
concerning layout and sizes and the use of
each area.
пЃ¬
Sequential Plans-Preliminary
Designs
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Break the “bubbles” to show first draft vision of
how each landscape area will be shaped.
Landscape is given its form, type of materials to
be used, and application of landscape design
principles.
Simple without real details, but the horizontal
and vertical relationships between objects and
areas are now included.
A number of these may be shown before final
plans are made.
Sequential Plans-Final Plans
Use suggestions and reactions of the
client to make a master drawing that is
graphically detailed and specific in its
intent for the landscape.
пЃ¬ Include identified plants, paving patterns,
and other specific information.
пЃ¬ Can also include construction drawings for
the landscape contractor or subcontractor
пЃ¬ Graphics are designed to impress
пЃ¬
Computer Assisted
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Also called drawing
board
CAD (Computer
Aided Design)
systems are
accelerated drafting
systems, designed to
draw landscape plans
using a personal
computer.
Graphics
пЃ¬
Consists of letters and numbers
Free-hand lettering
пЃ¬ Mechanical lettering
пЃ¬ Computer lettering
пЃ¬
Landscape Principles and
Procedures
Principles of Design
Balance
пЃ¬ Focalization of Interest
пЃ¬ Simplicity
пЃ¬ Rhythm and Line
пЃ¬ Proportion
пЃ¬ Unity
пЃ¬
Balance
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Materials are distributed evenly on opposite
sides of a central axis
Three types of balance:
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Symmetric
Asymmetric
Proximal/distal
Macro-range-the viewer sees the landscape
from the most distant vantage point
Closer range-the views from other locations not
as distant
Symmetric Balance
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
One side is a
reflective mirror
image of the opposite
side
Most formal type of
balance
Asymmetric Balance
Each side has as much interest as the
other
пЃ¬ Not a duplicate of the other side
пЃ¬
Proximal/Distal Balance
пЃ¬
Balances right and left as well as near and
far
Focalization of Interest
Selects and positions visually strong items
in the landscape composition to create
focal points
пЃ¬ Draws the eye of the viewer to one major
feature in each use area
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Example: corner planting
Simplicity
Seeks to make viewers comfortable within
the landscape
пЃ¬ Excludes any unnecessary changes in
shape, color, direction, etc.
пЃ¬
Rhythm and Line
Repeating something at a standard
interval or pattern creates rhythm
пЃ¬ Lines establish the shape and form of the
landscape
пЃ¬ Replicating strong existing lines such as
the lines of a house or a pool
пЃ¬ Functions of line plantings include
foundation plantings, block a view, frame a
view, and provide privacy.
пЃ¬
Proportion
пЃ¬
The size relationships
between all the
features of the
landscape including
vertical, horizontal,
and spatial
relationships
Proportion
пЃ¬
Will maintain proper
proportional
relationships in a
landscape between
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Buildings and people
Buildings and plants
Plants and people
Plants and plants
Masses and soils
Unity
All the separate parts contribute to the
creation of the total design
пЃ¬ Ties together individual parts of each area
by:
пЃ¬
Repeating prominent colors
пЃ¬ Repeating construction materials
пЃ¬ Continuing interior design themes to outdoor
rooms
пЃ¬ Repeat plant species
пЃ¬ Raise patios, decks, and porches to door level
пЃ¬
Landscape Processes
Process is a sequence of steps to reach a
goal
пЃ¬ There are three parts to the landscape
process
пЃ¬
Project development
пЃ¬ Project maintenance
пЃ¬ Design
пЃ¬
Project Development Process
Includes determining need or objective
пЃ¬ Design process
пЃ¬ Accepting the design
пЃ¬ Contracting and subcontracting
пЃ¬ Landscaping
пЃ¬ Acceptance
пЃ¬ Billing and payment
пЃ¬
Project Maintenance Process
Determining need or desire
пЃ¬ Selecting landscape maintenance
company which assesses the needs and
presents a proposal
пЃ¬ If the proposal is accepted, the company
schedules and does the work
пЃ¬ Customer is billed
пЃ¬
Design Process
пЃ¬
Site analysis and program analysis
Interior Landscaping
Interior Landscaping
пЃ¬
Called interior plantscaping or interiorscaping
Purposes of Interior Landscaping
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Add color
Add textures
Add softness
Add life
Increase employee
productivity
Decrease employee
absenteeism
Add oxygen
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Provide herbs for
cooking, medicine, or
fragrance
Add beauty and
comfort by combining
all of the previously
mentioned purposes
Benefits of Interior Landscaping
Adds color, texture, softness, life and
oxygen to interior plantscape
пЃ¬ Increases employee productivity
пЃ¬ Decreases employee absences from work
пЃ¬ Provides herbs for cooking, fragrance, or
medicine
пЃ¬
Disadvantages of Interior
Landscaping
Reduced light
пЃ¬ Reduced root system
пЃ¬ Dependant upon people for watering
пЃ¬ Build-up of soluble salts from fertilizer
пЃ¬ Plugging stomata from dust on leaves
пЃ¬ Damage from heating, air conditioning,
and cleaning chemicals
пЃ¬
Disadvantages of Interior
Landscaping
Growing medium
пЃ¬ Only plants that will grow inside can be
used
пЃ¬ Picking or breaking leaves by people using
the interior building area
пЃ¬
Benefits of Exterior Landscaping
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
пЃ¬
Adds color, texture, and life
Adds aesthetic value (beauty)
Adds economic value to property
Adds comfort (shade)
Adds privacy—borders, fences, etc.
Helps prevent erosion
Can use larger exterior plants
Rain natural soil provide most of required water
Gets natural light
Disadvantages of Exterior
Landscaping
May get too much rain and drown
пЃ¬ Natural soils may have diseases, insects,
improper pH, etc.
пЃ¬ Natural soils may be shallow or rocky
пЃ¬ Natural outdoor soils may be subject to
erosion
пЃ¬ Weed and insect control is more difficult
пЃ¬ Large areas of landscaping costs more
пЃ¬ More labor is required to establish outdoor
landscape
пЃ¬
Methods of Planting Ornamental
Plants
Planting Ornamental Plants
пЃ¬
Tools vary depending
upon type and size of
plants from bulb
planter, trowel, spade,
shovel to power
augers and front end
loaders.
Planting Ornamental Plants
Hole should be larger than plant roots and
soil prepared so that new roots will grow in
it.
пЃ¬ Methods of installation are determined by
root form whether bare-rooted, balled-andburlapped or containerized
пЃ¬
Balled and Burlapped Plants
Balled and burlapped plants have a round
soil ball of roots wrapped in burlap fabric.
пЃ¬ Planted in flat-bottomed, straight-sided
hole that is deeper and wider than the ball.
пЃ¬ Backfill soil should fill the hole enough to
raise the plant to the level at which it grew
in the nursery.
пЃ¬ Loose burlap around top of plant.
пЃ¬ Mounded ring of soil around plant to catch
water.
пЃ¬
Balled and Burlapped Plants
Containerized Plants
Use the same type hold, mounded ring,
etc. as balled and burlapped.
пЃ¬ In addition, the plant must be removed
from the container
пЃ¬ Roots should be unwound or cut at two
inch intervals if pot-bound
пЃ¬
Bare-rooted Plants
пЃ¬
Have to have a
mound or dome in the
bottom of the hole to
spread roots and
direct roots to grow
downward.
Planting Ornamental Plants
Tall plants, even small trees, need to be
staked to prevent blowing over.
пЃ¬ Mulching should be done to help retain
water, prevent weeds, improve
appearance, and minimize temperature
fluctuations.
пЃ¬ Water adequately and frequently enough
for healthy plants.
пЃ¬
Handling Ornamental Plants
Balled and burlapped plants should be
handled by the root ball
пЃ¬ Container grown plants should be handled
by the container until removed and then by
the root mass
пЃ¬
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
9
Размер файла
1 506 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа