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Structural Funds 2007-13 - European Commission

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Introduction to the
Structural Funds 2007-13
DG REGIO – Unit B.1 - Coordination
1
Part 1:The context
• Regional disparities
in development
in EU27
GDP per head in % and
in purchasing power parities
EU27 average in 2003
<50
50 - 75
75 - 90
90 - 100
100 - 125
п‚і 125
2
Part 1: The context
• Regional disparities
– 10% of EU27 population living in the most
prosperous regions (19% of total EU-27 GDP)
– 1.5% of GDP for the 10% of population living in the
least wealthy regions
– Convergence regions: 12.5% total share in EU27
GDP with 35% population share
– several regions in Romania and Bulgaria with GDP
per head below 25% of the EU average GDP
3
Part 2: The legal basis
• The Treaty
– Article 2 EC TREATY "promote economic and
social progress as well as a high level of
employment, and to achieve balanced and
sustainable development"
– (Art. 158 of the Treaty ): "in particular, the Community
aims to reduce the disparities between the levels of
development of the different regions and the
backwardness of the least favoured regions or
islands, including rural areas"
4
Part 2: The legal basis
• Structural Funds legislation
– “General Regulation n°1083/2006
–
Regulations for each Fund :
• “ERDF Regulation” n°1080/2006
• “ESF Regulation” n° 1081/2006
• “Cohesion Fund Regulation” n° 1084/2006
– Commission Implementing regulation n° 1828/2006
– (IPA Regulation n° 1085/2006, EGTC Regulation n° 1082/2006)
5
Part 3: The method
• Objectives, Structural Funds and instruments
2007-2013
Objectives
Structural Funds and instruments
Convergence
ERDF
ESF
Regional Competitiveness
and Employment
ERDF
ESF
European territorial
Cooperation
ERDF
infrastructure,
innovation,
investments
etc.
vocational
training,
employment
aids etc.
all Member States and regions
Cohesion
Fund
environmental and
transport infrastructure,
renewable energy
MemberStates with a
GNI/head below 90%
6
Part 3: The method
2000-06
2007-2013
• Financial instruments:
– the 4 Structural Funds
(ERDF, ESF, EAGGF,
FIFG)
– Cohesion Fund, ISPA
– the EIB
• Financial instruments:
– the 2 Structural Funds
(ERDF, ESF)
– Cohesion Fund, IPA
– the EIB
• The priorities :
– Objectives 1, 2 et 3
– Community initiatives
– Innovative Actions
• The priorities :
– 3 Objectives:
1) Convergence,
2) Regional
Competitiveness and
Employment (RCE),
3) Territorial Co-operation
7
Structural funds allocation
by type of region 2007-13
Total: €347.4 billion
Convergence: €199.3 bn.
Cohesion Fund: €69.6 bn.
Phasing out: €13.9 bn.
Phasing in: €11.4 bn.
Competitiveness: €4.5 bn.
Cooperation: €7.8 bn.
in current prices
8
European Territorial Cooperation
2007-2013
Allocation: €7.75 bn. for cross-border,
transnational and interregional cooperation
Cross-border areas
9
Part 3: The method
• The principles
– Multi-annual programming
– Concentration of financial resources
– Partnership - shared responsabilities: Commission
- Member State – regions – other partners
– Additionnality – EU resources are additional to the
national effort – no replacement
10
Part 3: The method
The main tools and principles
Programme cycle
[6. Evaluation]
5. Monitoring/
Reporting
4. Project
execution
1. National /
Regional Plan
2. Specific EU
Programme
3. Day-to-day
management
National Role
Mixed Roles
11
Part 4: The results
• Results of EU cohesion policy
– Strengthening of economic integration
– Process effects – governance
– EU's link with the citizen - publicity
12
Part 4: The results
Strengthening of economic integration
(1) (results from the 2000-06 period)
• Spending in transport infrastructure - 47% of SF and CF
resources)
Example: ES and PT: road density higher than EU average
• Increased focus on sustainability (fast speed trains, tramway
systems, metro in Athens)
• Spending on environment - 63% of SF and CF resources,
mainly cohesion MS and Objective 1 regions to help comply with
EU legislation
• Growing focus on renewable energy (PT specific programme)
13
Part 4: The results
Strengthening of economic integration
(2) (results from the 2000-06 period)
• SF investment in R&D - from 5% in ES to 18% in LT
Example: in Catalonia 21% of region’s researches and
37% of private sector investment involved in the OP
• Public-private partnerships in R&D strong in 7 MS
(AT, DK, FI, DE, NL, SE, UK)
14
Part 4: The results governance
Contribution to Better Governance
• Multi-annual programming – strategic approach,
stability and sharing of risk, Improves capacity for
expenditure in general
• Additionality and leverage effects
• Partnership – better targeting of interventions and
stimulation of development projects -institutions
matter in development
• Exchange of experience and good practice
• Management, monitoring and evaluation
15
Part 4: The results - visibility
Visibility of Community action
• EU more visible to citizens
• Catalyst for new initiatives
• "PEACE" – an important contribution from the EU to
peace and stability in Northern Ireland, UK
• Solidarity Fund – solidarity with regions affected by
natural catastrophes (e.g., floods in Eastern Germany
and Czech Republic, fires in Portugal).
16
Part 5: Expected impact
Expected impact of cohesion policy*
• 5-15% higher GDP in 2020 than without cohesion
policy in most new MS
• 2 million new jobs by 2015 in convergence regions
• Decrease of unemployment by 20-30%
• Positive effects multiplied by sound national policies
(Ireland, Baltic states)
• Overall positive effects on the whole EU-27 in a long
term
* source: the fourth cohesion report (May 2007)
17
Further information
http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/index_en.ht
m
18
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