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Youth Guarantee

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Riga, 13 January 2013
Conference
Youth Guarantee – measures and partnerships
How to support a young person –
Education and training offers in
Finland
Ahti Avikainen,
Senior Adviser
Ministry of Employment and the Economy,
Finland
Why does Finland need the Youth
Guarantee?
• Each year about 3–5 % of age group do not continue
directly to the secondary degree or to preparatory class.
• About 120 000 young aged between 20-29 have only
basic education.
• There are about 40 000 NEETs under the age of 30 who
have only basic degree.
• About 1000 young aged under 30 retire due to mental
health problems each year.
The estimated expenses raising from NEETs
is estimated to be around 300 M€ each year
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
2
Youth guarantee 2013 – definition
Every young person under 25 and
recent graduates under 30 will be
offered a job, a work trial, a study
place, a workshop place or
rehabilitation, within three months after
registering as unemployed.
Every person completing basic
education will be guaranteed a place
in upper secondary school, vocational
education, apprenticeship training, a
workshop, rehabilitation or a place in
some other form of study.
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
3
Youth Guarantee - ”The Finnish model”
PPPP: PUBLIC-PRIVATE-PEOPLE-PARTNERSHIP
• Youth Guarantee will be based on partnership
between
- Officials
- Business
- Associations,
Youth themselves are actively participating and
creating their own future
Open-minded changes to
working methods are needed.
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
4
Youth Guarantee
as from 1st of January 2013
Goal
• to help young people gain
access to education and
employment.
Pillars of the Youth Guarantee:
Education guarantee
Implemented
across
administrative
borders –
collaboration
is vital!
Skills programme for young adults
Employment and Economic Development services
for youth (PES services)
Rehabilitative services including
municipal social and health services
Other individual services for young people, such as
• youth outreach work and
• youth workshop activities
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
5
The youth unemployment
Unemployment
rate %
Men
(Statistics Finland)
Women
October 2013
16,6
17,8
15,4
October 2012
16,2
17,7
14,9
Note! The figures of Statistics
Finland include full-time students!
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
6
Promoting youth employment
Work tryout has to • Work tryouts are offered mainly
support
for those who lack professional
employment plans degrees
and carreer
choices
• Sanssi-card, employers
are eligible for pay
subsidies
The risk of employing
those under 30 is
reduced
Placement of young to
labour market is
promoted with work
coaching that will
support the young and
the employer.
Strengthened career guidance
Promoting youth entrepreneurship as a
choice for paid work
• Supporting and developing new forms of
entrepreneurship by training, guidance and
startup grants.
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
• Increased 60 personyears to career guidance
• Career guidance
telephone service
• Career coaching as a
new service
7
Education guarantee: background
Age group completing basic
education per year
60 000
Continues directly to the
secondary degree
about 55 000
• New study places for those young who do
not have secondary degree certificate,
new criteria for student selection and
regional distribution of study places under
scrutiny
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
Do not continue directly to the
secondary degree about 5000
Goal:
Each basic schoold graduate
are guarantee a place in
secondary level or in
preparatory class
8
The implementation of the
education guarantee
Renewed criteria for
student selection to
vocational education
Renewed preparatory
training for vocational
education
Renewed e-application
services for the joint
application process of
autumn 2013
Sufficient offering of initial
vocational education for
young people who have
completed basic education
but have no post-basic
qualification or a place in
upper secondary education
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
9
The implementation of the
education guarantee
Strengthening
apprenticeship training for
young people
Developing on-the-job
learning and educational
models which combine
education in educational
institutions and
apprenticeship training
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
A fixed-term skills
programme for young
adults in 2013–2016
10
2012 2013
2012 2013
at the end of
October
at the end of
October
at the end of
October
• 2 347
• 3 071
at the end of
October
•30 634 • 36 405
Recent graduates are those who have
graduated within 12 months.
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
11
Average duration of unemployment
in weeks (sliding average)
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
12
Employment plans prepared for unemployed youth
before unemployment exeeds three months,
January–August 2013
Total
93.5%
Men
93.4%
Women
93.6%
Most of those young people for whom a job-seeking plan has not been drawn up are entering
military service, taking maternity leave or have another valid reason for not having an
employment plan.
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
13
How many have found work, education or
entered in PE – service within three months?
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
72.9%
Young people
under the age of 25
65.2%
Recent graduates
aged between 25–29
14
Unemployed youth under 25, whose unemployment
has lasted longer than three months
Total, %
October 2012
Finland as a whole
Total, %
October 2013
Men , %
Women, %
15,7 %
19,3 %
21,6 %
16,3 %
Uusimaa
11,4 %
18,8 %
20,2 %
16,8 %
Southwest Finland
16,6 %
18,7 %
21,0 %
15,3 %
Satakunta
16,4 %
16,5 %
17,8 %
14,7 %
Häme
15,8 %
20,9 %
23,5 %
17,5 %
Pirkanmaa
21,9 %
29,2 %
31,2 %
26,7 %
Southeastern Finland
19,2 %
22,3 %
26,0 %
17,1 %
Southern Savonia
14,5 %
14,2 %
17,5 %
9,6 %
Northern Savonia
12,5 %
9,8 %
11,6 %
7,3 %
North Karelia
15,6 %
14,2 %
16,6 %
10,8 %
Central Finland
18,0 %
21,3 %
23,9 %
18,4 %
South Ostrobothnia
16,1 %
17,3 %
21,3 %
12,1 %
Ostrobothnia
12,3 %
18,1 %
21,4 %
14,4 %
Northern Ostrobothnia
18,5 %
19,4 %
21,7 %
16,7 %
Kainuu
13,7 %
18,9 %
25,2 %
9,3 %
Lapland
14,5 %
21,9 %
24,1 %
19,1 %
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
15
Challenges and successes
Success factors
• Wide political support
• Inclusive and open implementation process
• Cross-sectoral cooperation
• Efficient and informative communication
• Broad based participation
Challenges
• Economic downturn
• Resources (services & human resources)
• Is YG seen mainly as a political program?
• Is YG passivating?
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
16
Lessons learned
Need for one stop shop
solutions,
Youth needs to be heard,
Cross-sectoral cooperation,
Clear roles and
responsibilities,
Informative communication,
Clear indicators,
Creativity!
www.nuorisotakuu.fi
17
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