TEACHING HISTORY AND SOCIAL STUDIES IN FINLAND Maarit Mattila Taina SipilГ¤inen-Veikkanen Aims in History - To create an individual, national and European identity - To appreciate human rights and democracy - The key concepts of history include time, change, continuity and causality Aims in Social studies - To give skills to evaluate critically documents, statistics and pictures - Training will provide students with capabilities for active and critical examination of current phenomena - To teach how to be an active citizen Primary School (age 7 вЂ“ 12) - History begins in 5th class; pupils are 11-12 years old - From the prehistory to the French Revolution - All subjects are tought by class teacher - Once or twice a week; lesson lasts 45 min - Studying is free of charge; pencils, rubbers,notebooks are given to students, textbooks are reused - Methods: activities,drawings,films,storiesвЂ¦ History in Secondary School (age 13-16) - From the French Revolution to modern times - Specialized history teachers - 2 courses a year (1 course = 30 hours / lessons 75 min) - argumentation and discussions are common teaching methods - Copies from maps, internet, - learning how to write essays - To understand which is reason, which is result Social studies in Secondary School - Last year (= 9th class) in compalsory school - 3 courses a year - вЂќHow the modern Finnish society works?вЂќ - The responsibilities & rights of citizens; taxation, student allowanceвЂ¦ - Finances and economics; expensies of family, how to found the company? - Law and order; a visit to district courtвЂ¦ - Social security; child benefitвЂ¦ - Media; familiarize to local printing office, influence of advertisingвЂ¦ History courses in Upper Secondary School (age 16 -19) вЂў Thematic courses; 1 course = 30 hours (the total number is 75 courses) вЂў 4 compulsary courses вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ вЂ“ Man, the environment and culture (=economical history) European man (=cultural history) International relations (=political history 1815 вЂ“ 2011) Turning-points in Finnish history (= 1809 вЂ“ 2011) вЂў 2 вЂ“ x voluntary specialisation courses вЂ“ Finnish history before 1809 вЂ“ Meeting of cultures: Non-European Cultures вЂ“ Extras e.g. ancient history, world politics, training for the finals etc. Social studies courses in Upper Secondary School (age 16 вЂ“ 19) вЂў 2 compulsary courses вЂ“ Political science вЂ“ Economics вЂў 2 вЂ“ x voluntary specialisation courses вЂ“ Law вЂ“ European Union вЂ“ Extras e.g. entrepreneurship, training for the finals, etc. The Final Exams вЂў Final exams in history and social studies are voluntary but popular вЂў The popularity of social studies is rising in the final exams вЂў In each subjectвЂ™s exam 10 questions to choose from: write 6 essays, 6 hours time TeacherвЂ™s perspective вЂў You have to advertise your courses and вЂў Motivate the students вЂў About 30 % of my courses are voluntary for the students: if you teach more courses, youвЂ™ll get higher pay вЂў You have lots of freedom to choose your methods: films, debates, cartoons, news portfolios etc. вЂў If you are active you can make projects and organize visits outside school вЂў Sometimes competition between the subjects and between the teachers StudentsвЂ™ opinions (18 year olds) вЂў вЂќHistory and social studies give you general knowledgeвЂќ вЂў вЂќYou need to know some basic things from the past to understand the presentвЂќ вЂў вЂќFinnish and international history are equally importantвЂќ вЂў вЂќThere should be more compulsary courses in social studies because they are so usefulвЂќ вЂў вЂќThe most interesting subjects at school!вЂќ Thank you for your attention!