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Finland´s experience in implementing and applying the Espoo

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Finland’s experience in
implementing and applying
the Espoo Convention
Seija Rantakallio
Councellor
Moscow, 21 September
Espoon Convention
п‚џ Finland ratified 1995
п‚џ Agreement has entered into force 1997
– Party to the Convention can participate into other Party’s
environmental impact assessment procedure (EIA)
п‚џ Finland-Estonia bilateral EIA-agreement 2002
– Application of Convention between Finland and Estonia
п‚џ Negotiations on bilateral EIA agreement with Russian
Federation in 1990s
2
Party in two different roles
Ministry of the Environment is the competent authority of Espoo Convention
п‚џ Party of Origin
п‚џ Affected Party
Finland
Finland
Likely significant adverse
transboundary
environmental impact
Party
3
Party
Finland as a Party of Origin
п‚џ Finland
– Sends a notification to potentially affected party about the project and
its environmental impact
– Sends EIA documentation on transboundary impact to affected party
and gives a possibility for consultations
– Gives a possibility to affected party’s public and authorities to
participate in the Finnish EIA –similar opportunities as nationally
– Takes the comments from affected party into account in the national
EIA
– Sends final decision
4
Espoo procedure when Party of Origin
Finland
Point of
Contact for
notification
Ministry of
the
Environment
5
EIA
programme
EIA
documentation
Final
decision
Notification
Comments
For comments
Comments
Affected
Party
Point of
Contact for
notification
PoO -notification phase
Includes e.g.
EIA
programme
=Scoping
document
-what impacts are
expected in the affected
party
-planned studies to
assess likely
transboundary
environmental impact in
the affected party
-relevant parts of
programme in affected
party’s language
6
EIA notification phase and Espoo Convention
Developer
EIA competent authority
Point of Contact for Espoo
Ministry of the
Environment
Submits info to MoE
EIA programme
Takes into
consideration when
drafting the EIA
report
(documentation)
7
Affected
Parties
Notification
Announcement
Public hearing
Gives statement on
adequacy of
programme
Submits
answers
to EIA
competent
authority
Answer on
participation
and
comments
on
programme
PoO –EIA documentation phase
Includes e.g.
EIA
documentation
-likely transboundary
environmental impact in
affected party
-given comments on the
programme taken into
account
-translation of relevat parts in
the affected party’s language
8
Finland as Affected Party
Notification
Ministry of the Environment
-announcement in newspaper
-press release
-documents for public display and
for comments…in Finnish and in
Swedish
EIA
documentation
-request for statements and
opinions from authorities and NGOs
-answer to PoO (willingness to
participate on EIA, comments on the
adequacy of EIA)
9
Agreement on practical arrangements for Espoo
procedure between points of contact
Finland
Point of
Contact for
notification
Ministry
of the
Environment
-inform about
timing of
notification and
documentation
and dead line
for answer
-agree on timing
and ways of
public
participation
-translation of
documents
Early contacts
10
Affected
Party
Point of
Contact for
notification
Application of Espoo in Finland
п‚џ Party of Origin and Affected Party several times
– Ongoing processes and more expected
п‚џ PoO: -two new nuclear power plant units
-> neighbours + Baltic Sea subregion
п‚џ AP:
-Ignalina nuclear power plant, Lithuania
-Narva power plant, Estonia
-Offshore wind farm, Estonia
-Offshore wind farm, Sweden
п‚џ PoO+AP -Nord Stream gas pipeline
11
Cooperation between Finland and Russian
Federation under Espoo Convention
п‚џ Finland has notified Russia
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Imatra power plant 1996
Final disposal of used nuclear fuel 1998
New nuclear power plant unit to Loviisa 1998
Waste water treatment plant in Lappeenranta 2006
Nord Stream gas pipeline 2006
New nuclear power plant unit to Olkiluoto 2007
New nuclear power plant unit to Loviisa 2007
п‚џ Russia has notified Finland
– Ust-Luga multipurpose harbour terminal 2003
– Nord Stream gas pipeline 2006
п‚џ How to treat projects with likely significant transboundary impact in
the future?
12
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