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FACTS ABOUT FINLAND

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пЃ® FACTS ABOUT FINLAND
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Total area: 338,000 sq km
Population: 5.2 million
Capital: Helsinki
Languages: Finnish and Swedish
Member of the European Union since 1995
3,800 primary schools,
480 upper secondary schools
887 public libraries
20 universities, 31 polytechnics
R&D funding 3.6 % of GDP
Exports: 23 % high technology
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
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пЃ® NATIONAL STRATEGY
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Knowledge-based-society
Consistent, long-term policy
Broad commitment to common policy
Devolution of decision power
and responsibilities
Change - Stability:
Balance between reforms and continuity
Knowing strengths - Anticipating threats
Collaboration between education policy and other
policies
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
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MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
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The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Problems
The changes in educational culture take
place quite slowly
Lack of funding
Aging technology
Implementation of ICT in the national
curriculum
The findings of the research are spreading
to schools quite slowly
Factors preventing the use of ICT
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unequality of financial resources in municipalities
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unequality in teachers’ knowledge and skills
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lack of pedagogical support
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lack of equipment and slow connection
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teachers’ attitudes
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For learning and competence
Information Society Programmes
for Education, Training and Research
1. 1995 - 1999 ; equipment and connectivity, also
teacher training started
2. 2000 - 2004: National Virtual School –project
started
3. 2004 - 2006: aim; use of ICT in learning and in
teaching is part of everyday school life
http://www.minedu.fi/julkaisut/koulutus/2004/opm14/opm14.pdf
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For learning and competence
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
ICT in education
National strategy 2004 - 2006
Four segments: computers for schools, school network
development, teacher in-service training, teaching methods
development
The schools are assumed to write their own ICT strategy to
be a part of their local curriculum
Finland has an advanced infrastructure in
telecommunication
Students/computer ratio approximately 9
All schools have access to the Internet
Most of the schools have a high speed network connection
National Virtual School
Efficient tool for creating equality
Implementation of the strategy
Ministry of Education: National ICT Strategy for Education
National Board of Education
Implementation of the ICT Strategy
Infrastructure
In-service Teacher
Training
Educational Portal
www.edu.fi
Content
production
National Virtual
School –pilot project
Municipal / School level
ICT Strategy Plan
Infrastructure+
In-service Teacher
Technical Support
Training
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Pedagogical
Support
Virtual school –
project
For learning and competence
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
ICT as a tool
Internet is available in all schools
Contents in Finnish language are available
in the Internet
Almost all the students have a personal
email account
Videoconferencing is becoming popular
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Cross-curricular themes in
basic education
Growth as a Person
Cultural Identity and Internationalism
Media Skills and Communication
Active Citizenship and Entrepreneurship
Responsibility for the Environment, WellBeing, and a Sustainable Future
Safety and Traffic
Technology and the Individual
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Quotations from the framework curriculum
“learning to hold a pen or pencil properly, use
appropriate writing posture, coordinate hand and
eye, and write on a computer ”
“are able to connect letters when writing by hand,
and to produce original text on a computer”
“be able to produce their texts both by hand and
with a computer program, and to take advantage
of information technology and different media
otherwise in their work, too”
” critical study and investigation of visual
communication in television, computer games,
films, comic strips, and advertising ”
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Positive
Highly educated and committed teachers
Good infrastructure in telecommunication
Social problems are not insurmountable
Drop out rate is low
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Reasons for ICT in Education
Eqality
regional
boys and girls
life-long learning
different language groups
handicapped learners
skills development
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Features of the Virtual
School
Means of creating equality
Full virtual learning is not the purpose
Requires skills and responsibility
Teacher has a role as a resource
Means of diversified and genuine interaction
Internet is an enormous resource
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Networks
Aimed to create an open and flexible learning
environment
Permanent or ADSL connections
100 % of all 6000 schools are connected to the
Internet
School networks are being renewed regularly
Wireless connections are becoming popular
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Methods development
projects
Aimed to develop and test own models of
implementing ICT as an essential element
of learning environment
About 100 pilot projects in various parts of
the country
Selected on the basis of innovation and
pedagogical value
Infrastructure in basic education
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one PC per 8 students, aim 4-5 students by 2007
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all schools connected to Internet; broadband 81%,
ISDN 17% and modem 3 %
aim -> 10 Mbps
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co-funding; state 50-70%, the rest by the
municipality
For learning and competence
In-service training for teachers
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target group in basic
education: about 60 000
teachers
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basic skills in using ICT by
municipalities (OPE.FI I)
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pedagogic skills in using ICT
by in-service training
institutions (OPE.FI II)
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special ICT skills - by inservice training institutions
(OPE.FI III)
For learning and competence
Further information
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Ministry of Education
www.minedu.fi
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Information Society Programme
http://www.tietoyhteiskuntaohjelma.fi/en_GB/
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All about Finland’s information society
http://e.Finland.fi
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Statistics Finland
www.stat.fi
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For learning and competence
Results of the Virtual School Project in
2000-2004
2/2
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teaching and working methods in schools have changed:
– in schools using ICT teaching and learning culture is more
open and collaborative, professional networks of educational
staff have started to work and student centered learning is
used
– support of the principal is essential
– local curriculum has been planned in collaboration using ICT
– individual teaching, tailoring of instruction, combined
grades
– web-based learning material and Internet have been used to
support face-to-face teaching and distance education
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ICT strategy of a school and a municipality is an importand tool to implement
ICT; vision of the use, equipment, in service training, ICT team and its
responsibilities, evaluation etc.
collaboration with school and home, also with outside experts
ability to assess if the use of ICT is necessary, not always
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For learning and competence
Aims of the Virtual School –pilot
project in basic education
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to guarantee high quality and diverse basic education in all
parts of the country – regional equality and networks
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to improve teaching and learning (pedagogical) methods and
teachers’ and students’ ICT skills
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to develop the teaching and learning culture in schools
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to develop innovations to organize education services;
minority languages, special needs education
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ICT integreted to the implementation of the curriculum
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For learning and competence
The National Board of
Education
FINLAND
Moore’s chasm
34%
34%
13.5%
2.5%
16%
Percentages suggested by Everett M. Rogers (1995), Diffusion of Innovations. The Free Press: New York
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