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Matti Tuusa (Finland)

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New Structures and Practices of
Activation and Support of
Employment in Finland
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Challenges of Employment in the 2000`s
in Finland
•
Ageing of the population – increase of the
amount of the elderly, increase of the amount
of ageing workers in the working life
• Changes and demands of working life:
пѓјIncrease in instability and pressures in the
working life, increase of short term jobs
пѓјStress, work exhaustion,depression
пѓјAims to extend work careers and decrease
costs of early pensions
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Challenges of Employment in the 2000`s
in Finland
•
Long term unemployment and social exclusion is still
existing, even though improvement in employment has
been generally favourable during last 10 years,
unemployment rate 17% -> 7%
• Structural and regional polarization of labour market
• Skills gap between labour force demand and supply
• Mainstream services do not lead to employment in many
cases
пѓј Need of flexible combinations of benefits and earnings
пѓј Need of new methods: individual case management, job
coaching, new employment opportunities
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Development of new employment practices
•
•
•
Development in Finland is following the active labour
market and social policy doctrine
In the 2000Вґs there has been both legislative,
institutional and service practice develpoment for long
term unemployed, disabled another disadvataged job
seekers in Finland
New activation legislation in 2002 started team work of
employment offices, municipal social welfare and heath
care authorities and local Social Insurance Institution
representatives
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Development of new employment practices
•
•
•
•
Employment Service Centres have been established all
over the country, most of them organized on regional
level, presently 40 centres are serving more than 20 000
customers
Multiprofessional and multisectoral employment
practices have been established in the municipalities
and on regional level
Introduction of new flexible wage subsidy system to
improve the employment of persons with disabilites
Introduction of legislation facilitating social enterprises
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Municipalities and Employment Issues
•
•
•
The role of municpalities in employment issues has
strenghtened in many ways
Municipalities have more responsibilities of activating
long term unempoyed persons due to recent changes in
legislation
Both municipalities and government empoyment
authorities cover the costs of the employment benefits
of long term unemployed persons
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Municipalities and Employment Issues
•
Municipalities, coalitions of municipalities and third
sector organizations provide a large range of services
• Active dissemination of development projects
пѓј Individual pathways to employment for persons with
low employability, e. g. case management, activation,
work activity and other employment support services
пѓј New systems of social employment /transitional labour
market services have been introduced to provide with
pathways of employment
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Empowering Social Work
•
•
•
•
In the 1990Вґs employment issues were only occasionally
the concern of municipal social work and empowering
social work practices were previously coincidental
Social work practices were closely linked with the
bureaucracy of social welfare benefits, and this gave
very little space for the development of new practices
Mass unemployment of the 1990Вґs and heavy case load
brought these practices into crisis - on the other hand in
the 1990Вґs numerous employment projects were
introduced and new methods and models were
developed
In the 2000Вґs the change has been rapid and
comprehensive
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Empowering Social Work
•
•
•
•
As a member of a multidisciplinary team the social
worker brings comprehensiveness and larger societal
views to the problems of employment and disability.
The social workerВґs views and practices concentrate on
the barriers to employment and aim at overcoming
them.
Assessment of the life situations of the clients,
counselling, case management and advocacy are the
core content of empowering social work practices.
The approach of empowering social work is practical,
action oriented, adding motivation and life coping skills
for the customers and providing experiences of success
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Empowering Social Work
•
•
•
Presently there is a continuous re-organizing process of
municipality structures, work organizations, service
production and client work in the municipalities.
Combining different service cultures and orientations in
these new work settings is a challenging task and
requires good shared leadership, commitment and
transparency on all levels of the organizations
The concept of empowering social work relies on client
orientation and respect of self determination
– Ideology of activation and workfare? Saction
oriented, concern of work morale collapse?
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Empowering Social Work
•
•
•
Various stipulations and mechanisms are endangering
the establishment of empowering social work practices.
Working conditions of social work are unstable in many
ways in the municipal social welfare services.
The high turnover of workers, recruitment problems,
case load and introduction of numerous other new tasks
and responsibilities hamper the establishment of the
new employment oriented practices.
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
Contact Information
•
Matti Tuusa
Training and Information Manager
Rehabilitation Foundation, Pakarituvantie 4-5
Po Box 39, 00411 Helsinki, Finland
tel: 358 9 53041, gsm 358 40 8332632
e-mail: matti.tuusa@kuntoutussaatio.fi
www.kuntoutussaatio.fi
Rehabilitation Foundation
Helsinki, Finland
Matti Tuusa
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