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BIOMETRICS IN FINLAND

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PPOOLLIICCEE DDEEPPAARRTTMMEENNTT
BIOMETRIC PASSPORT
 Biometric passport
– Passport Act
– Issuing a biometric passport
– Development project
 Biometric Passport To Biometric Identity Card
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
BIOMETRICS PROJECT
 Ministry of the Interior is in charge of the Biometrics
project, which coordinates the authorities planning in
terms of biometrics.
• Active participation in handling the Council Regulation on a
biometric passport in the EU Visa Working Party and in the
standardization work of ICAO.
 The Biometrics project equals:
• A steering group and several working groups
• Representatives from different ministries and Government
agencies
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT FOR A
BIOMETRIC PASSPORT
 Finland starts the call for tenders for the biometric
passport in the beginning of June
 The decision for biometric passport producer will be
made in autumn 2005.
– Issuance will start in 4-5/2006 at the earliest
 A scanning software has been purchased.
 Population Register Centre provides the Certification

Authority Services (CSCA)
Plans to implement and maintain the certificate for
electronic data in the passport chip are made.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
BIOMETRIC PASSPORT
 Finland will comply with the EU regulation and ICAO
standard of biometric passport.
 In addition, the following optional features are planned:
• The personal identity code will be recorded on the
chip (it is also in the MRZ).
• Chip copying and substitution will be prevented.
• Unauthorized reading of the chip will be prevented.
• Data communication between a chip and a chip
reader will be encrypted.
 The chip will be embedded in the data page.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
PASSPORT ACT RENEWAL
 The Finnish Passport Act is in the Parliament
at the moment
– 1st phase biometric data: Facial Image
– Passport will be valid for 5 years.
– Also a regulation for passport photo will be
decreed and guidelines will be published in the
spring.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
DATAPROTECTION
 Special attention to privacy issues and data



protection
Personal Data Act and Personal Data Act in Police
work
Legislation is technology-independent
Purpose of collection
- exeptions are in the law
 2nd phase: Fingerprints
– A new working group is appointed to prepare the law for
using and storing fingerprint biometrics.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ISSUEING A BIOMETRIC PASSPORT
 The citizen must bring an identification

document and one photo with him/her.
The personal information is retrieved from the
National Register and confirmed by the citizen
with signature.
– Citizen or the Official cannot change the name or address
information at the police station.
– Also other e-databases are checked to ensure that there is no
lawful excuse to refuse the passport.
 The photo and signature will be scanned.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
PASSPORT INFORMATION SYSTEM
 The new passport information system will enable an
image database and serve the needs of biometric
passports in many respects.
• Centralized database as well as image database
• Support for future ID card issuance
 The Directorate of Immigration and the Ministry for

Foreign Affairs will also use the same system for the
passports and travel documents they issue.
Passport applications are filled and sent to the
manufacturer electronically.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
PURCHASE OF THE EQUIPMENT
 The police service points that issue passports

(~150) and embassies (~100) will be supplied
with scanners, temporary passport printers
and laminators.
In addition service points are planned to offer
citizens the possibility to check the content of
the chip in their biometric passport.
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
SERVICE POINT TODAY
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ADD PRINTER
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
Add printer for temporary passports
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ADD LAMINATOR
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ADD SCANNER
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ADD PASSPORT READER
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ADD CHIP READER
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ADD FINGERPRINT READER
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
MOVABLE OFFICE
 To sustain availability, Finland will
appoint few cars to the movable offices
 In the car is all the equipments to issue
licences
 The concept will contain electronic
appointment system and electronic
payment
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
BIOMETRICS IN ID-CARD
 Experiences from biometric passport will form


the basis for introducing biometric information
on national ID cards
Legislation changes needed (Identity Card
Act)
Estimated timeframe 2007-2008
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
BIOMETRIC PASSPORT VS. IDENTITY
CARD
 Same issuing authority
• Police
 Similar procedures:
• reliable identification
• electronic application
• same demands of photographs
• almost identical procedures of issuing
and cancelling
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
ID/PASSPORT
 Same scanners
 Same Passport/ID-Card information

system
Similar education/training of personnel
POLICE
DEPARTMENT
Thank You!
Further information:
Tiina.ferm@poliisi.fi
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