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Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS) Program: A

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United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
A National Approach to Surveying for Exotic Species
John Bowers, Ph.D.
National Survey Coordinator
Emergency & Domestic Programs
USDA APHIS PPQ
Riverdale, MD
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• Conducts science-based national and state
surveys
• Targeted at specific exotic plant pests
п‚Є
insects, pathogens, and weeds
• Identified as threats to U.S. agriculture and/or
the environment
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• Domestic survey program
• Line of defense behind port inspections
• Focus on exotic pests
п‚Є
Not native, widely distributed or
established pests
п‚Є
Not PPQ Program pests
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• A program focused on the early detection of
exotic plant pests
• Pests and pathogens not yet present in the
U.S., or a very limited distribution
• Potential to have a high impact if established
п‚Є environmental or economic consequences
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• Conduct surveys for pests and pathogens we
hope we do not find, and should not be here
• Negative data is very important
• Potential to facilitate trade (ISPM Standards)
п‚Є
pest-free areas
п‚Є
pest-free areas of productions
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• CAPS has come to mean many things for
many people
• It is an acronym that rolls off the tongue very
easily
• Has taken on a wide, umbrella-like meaning
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• CAPS is not a cooperative agreement
program
п‚Є Uses cooperative agreements to distribute
funds to state cooperators
• CAPS is not an umbrella program
п‚Є Not all cooperative agreements are CAPS
agreements
• Depends on funding source
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• USDA
п‚Є
APHIS
• Plant Protection & Quarantine (PPQ)
– Emergency & Domestic Programs
В» Pest Detection
в—‹
CAPS
Funded through the Pest Detection line
item
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• Specific program that uses the cooperative
agreement vehicle to distribute funds
• Other domestic programs also use cooperative
agreements to fund surveys
п‚Є
These are not CAPS program surveys
п‚Є
Funded through other means or other line
items
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• It will be increasingly important to distinguish
and track surveys and work completed with
Pest Detection funds separate from surveys
and work completed with other funds!
п‚Є Performance measures
п‚Є Congressional inquiries
п‚Є Accountability
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• Need to track funding source to work
accomplished, reports, and data entry
п‚Є
Identify the funding source of the data record
in NAPIS or PHIS/ISIS
• CAPS transitioning from NAPIS to PHIS/ISIS as
the database for survey records
п‚Є
Need to change the cooperative agreement
for 2011/2012
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Cooperative Agriculture Pest Survey (CAPS)
• Work plan development & submission
• Module in PHIS to facilitate drafting and
submitting work plans to the Regions
• Submit to the Agreements Staff as a final
draft agreed upon by PPQ and the State
• States interested in electronic agreements
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
From CAPS
To Farm Bill
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
2008 Farm Bill
• Food Conservation and Energy Act of 2008
• Section 10201: Plant Pest and Disease
Management and Disaster Prevention
• Directs the Secretary of Agriculture to make
available Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC)
funds for:
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201
• Early pest detection and surveillance
• Threat identification and mitigation of plant pests
and diseases
• Technical assistance in the development and
implementation of audit-based certification and
nursery plant pest risk management systems
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201
• APHIS Administrator directed PPQ to develop a
business and implementation plan to spend these
funds
• Congress inserted language into the Stimulus Bill
that authorized APHIS to use CCC funds for
Administrative purposes
• Plan was sent to OMB on 3/23/09
• Legal authority to spend the money
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201
• $12 million in FY09
• $45 Million in FY10
• $50 million in FY11 – FY13
• Annual money
• Funds must be obligated by September 30
• States have one year to spend the funds
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201
• Working with the Agreements staff to streamline the
process for 2009
• Farm Bill was not meant to enhance CAPS surveys, and
there are requirements for reports to Congress
• Farm Bill activities need to be tracked separately from
CAPS activities
• May involve separate work plans and/or agreements
United States Department of Agriculture
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Plant Protection and Quarantine
2008 Farm Bill – Section 10201
• Implementation Plan is posted on APHIS website
п‚Є Link on the Pest Detection page
• Email address provided for comments
• Stakeholder Registry to receive notices
• APHIS will convene discussions with
stakeholders in the next several weeks to ask for
input
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