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Animal Rights/Protection in Germany

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Animal Rights/Protection
in Germany
By: Hanna
(Gina Halliwell)
“Und die Tiere” (and the animals)
Und die
Tiere…
• Beginning back in 1871, the 1st
national law was passed, which
punished someone if they were
guilty of animal cruelty.
• Throughout the years there were
several attempts to put together a
law within the German constitution
regarding animals.
Hitler’s influence on animal protection
• When the Nazi party began, the Nazi Animal Protection
Movement started almost immediately with it in 1933.
• Some say Hitler was a vegetarian and that his love for
animals and his vegetarianism was part of the reason for
this movement.
• Hitler loved animals. He played a
big part in laws that are
still in effect today.
• Under the Nazi Animal Protection
Movement, animal research was
strictly limited.
Nazi Animal Protection Movement laws:
• One of 1st laws which began under the Nazi Party prohibited
the mistreatment of animals during filmmaking.
• Humane slaughter regulations were also enforced just as
they are today under the newly enforced regulations in the
constitution.
• They held conferences on animal
protection internationally.
• Under Hitler’s request, they also
mandated a subject in schools that
was devoted to the humane
treatment of animals.
• Terminally ill pets were also granted
euthanasia under the Nazi Party
laws.
Nazi Animal Protection Movement
• A man by the name of Hermann Göring stated in 1933 that he
would “commit to concentration camps those who still think
they can treat animals as property.”
• At the same time the Nazi Party was killing people in
concentration camps, they were obsessing about stopping
the suffering of lobsters inside Berlin Restaurants.
“Und die Tiere” (and the animals) cont…
Und die
Tiere…
•
Finally, on August 1st 2002
Germany became the 1st
country in the European Union
to guarantee the highest level
of protection to its animals.
•
The law is called
Tierschutzgesetz.
•
Since then, animals were/are
considered part of the
constitution and also have
rights.
Wildlife protection in Germany
• Wildlife remain under their own laws, completely pertaining to
them as a whole.
• Germany has very strict guidelines and regulations when it
comes to hunting and/or the disturbance of wildlife habitats in
the process.
• They don’t have as much wildlife as we do here in North
America, but because of their
forests covering about 30%
of the country many species
have survived closer to the
citied and because of the
rivers running through a lot of
areas, they have many
waterfowls, amphibians and
reptiles.
“Und die Tiere” (and the animals) cont…
• This law also has regulations for the
slaughter of animals for human food.
• Slaughter is only allowed to be
carried out by a professional.
• Slaughter is only to be done after
the animal has been rendered
unconscious to keep the
slaughter as humane as possible.
“Und die Tiere” (and the animals) cont…
• Specifics regarding animal testing:
• The law says that testing on
animals can only be done when
there is an ethically acceptable
amount of suffering expected, if
any at all.
• Animal protection advocates are
not completely satisfied with this
because there always seems to
be a way to work around the law.
What are the consequences for not
abiding by the law?
• Although not always carried out to its
fullest potential, there are prison
sentences and fines for not abiding by the
laws.
• There is a possible 2 year prison
sentence for being charged guilty of
causing animal suffering or killing an
animal.
• There is a possible fine of up to 25,000
Euro, but some fines have been as little
as 7,50 Euro in past convictions.
Where does the law fall short?
• There are three specific areas where the
law doesn’t protect animals as it should
пЃ¶Art:
o Because of the Freedom to practice
art, animals could possibly suffer.
пЃ¶Research:
o In the constitution is states that
experiments are left up to the ethical
discretion of the researcher.
пЃ¶Agriculture:
o Slaughter allowed for human
consumption, even if not by a
professional.
Tierschutzgesetz differences with U.S.
laws for animals
• In Germany the animal protection is
throughout the entire country as a
whole vs. the United States and
Canada’s laws which vary from state
to state and are different for certain
types of animals.
• In Germany there are no exceptions:
the law applies to ALL animals the
same, from the fish of the sea to all
the 4 legged animals, they are all
protected.
Tierschutzgesetz commonalities with
U.S. laws for animals
• One commonality is both Germany
and the U.S. have animal rights
activists and protection organizations
throughout the countries.
• Another common area is the banning
of certain breeds such as pit bulls in
certain areas.
• Also not all apartment buildings and
rental units allow pets, just like in the
U.S.
Are there “No Kill” shelters in Germany?
• All the shelters in Germany are prohibited from
euthanizing any animal for lack of space or because
they can’t find the animal a good home.
• This is based on part of
the law that bans all killing or
causing suffering to any
animal without
“sound reason”.
Is the German Shepherd really
from Germany???
• They originated in Germany in 1882.
• German shepherd dog = Deutsche
Schäferhunde
• The German Shepherd was brought to
America by its breeder in 1907.
• The original breed was a mix of
long-haired, short-haired and
wire-haired local herding and
farming dogs.
• They are from Karlsruhe,
Germany.
Should you take your pets with you while
traveling?
• Traveling to Germany with pets is something that
you must be prepared for well in advance.
• You have to carry your vaccination records with you
and when you arrive at the border you will be asked
for proof.
- Rabies must be
administered within
the last 12 months,
but no sooner than
30 days ago.
Pets are very popular in Germany!
• Pets are so popular in Germany, that you will find them on
trains, in bookstores and even possibly in some restaurants.
• They are allowed on all public trains, subways and buses.
• They are usually very calm during their travel, because they are
quite used to it and accepted by others without pets as just
another “person” on the go.
• There are certain places that they
are not allowed:
- They are not allowed in
butcher shops and most
grocery stores because of the
ease of access to the
irresistible foods at their level.
Germany has been referred to as a
“Heaven for Pets”
• There are also parts of Germany where dogs are so popular,
that they actually have their own swimming pools designated
just for dogs. (Dogs are the most popular pets in Germany.)
Other popular dog breeds that originated from
Germany….
• Great Danes are from
Germany, they were
bred in the 1600’s and
known as chamber dogs (Kammerhunde)
• One of the most popular dogs in the world
today are from Germany. We know them
as the Rottweiler. Sometimes called the
Rottweiler Metzgerhund in Germany.
• They originated from the breeding of
Roman war dogs, local sheep dogs
and molloser dogs from the small
German market town of Rottweil.
Final Conclusion
• There are many similarities and differences between Germany
and the U.S. protection of animals.
• Pets are widely accepted in Germany as part of society.
• Germany doesn’t seem to be a bad place to be if you are a pet
from the U.S. and your parents are looking to move or if you
are from Germany
and just looking
for a good home!
пЃЉ
Works Cited
Article:
• …Und die Tiere” Constitutional Protection For Germany’s Animals by
Kate M. Natrass
Internet Sites:
• http://m.psychologytoday.com/blog.animals-andus/201111/was-hitler-vegetarian-the-paradox-thenazi-animal-protection-movement
• http://www.journey-to-germany.com/pets-ingermany.html
• http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/germanshepherd.htm
• http://www.greatdanerescue.org/index.php?option=c
om_content&view=article&id=4&Itemid=3
• http://www.worldlydogs.com/rottweiler.php
Photos:
•
•
•
•
•
http://m.psychologytoday.com/blog.animals-and-us/201111/was-hitler-vegetarianthe-paradox-the-nazi-animal-protection-movement
http://www.pettravel.com/immigration/Germany.cfm
http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/germanshepherd.htm
http://www.journey-to-germany.com/pets-in-germany.html
http://www.clker.com
• http://www.greatdanerescue.org/index.php?option=com_cont
ent&view=article&id=4&Itemid=3
• http://www.worldlydogs.com/rottweiler.php
• http://www.tomatobubble.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpi
ctures/2009Berghof.jpg
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