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Napoleonic Era

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Key Terms – Napoleonic Era
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Napoleon
Napoleonic Code of
Laws
Concordat of 1801
The Continental
System
Trade Embargo
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Guerilla Warfare
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Alexander I
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Moscow
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Battle of Nations
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Elba
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Louis XVII
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Battle of Waterloo
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Grand Alliance
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St. Helena
Napoleon, Emperor of France
(1769-1821)
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Napoleon в†’ first emperor of
modern France, removed the
Directory, attempted to establish
a French empire.
Napoleon began as a decorated
general in the army, was tasked
with breaking up rioters at the
palace in Paris
Would fire cannons to scare off
the French and would be
commended and given power
for it.
Would endow himself with titles
until he named himself
Emperor.
Napoleonic Reforms
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Napoleonic Code of Laws в†’ establishes the
paternal household, a new set of business laws,
and provided religious freedom
Concordat of 1801 в†’ established Catholicism
as the national religion of France but
maintained its diminutized power
Ended the Reign of Terror and removed the
remainder of Directory officials
The Continental System
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Napoleon would begin to
slowly move into
neighboring countries
and subduing them with
his French army.
Any countries he
controlled he would force
to enter the Continental
System.
Continental System в†’
massive trade block or
embargo that prevented
countries from trading
with France.
Effects of the Continental System
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The Continental System would generate ire in
countries that were subjected to it.
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Weakened those economies
Forced them to find other avenues to acquire the
goods the British provided
Sowed the seeds of rebellion among the countries
under its control
Served as a trade embargo в†’ block of trade
The British would prevent the French from establishing
an Atlantic Blockade by winning the Battle of Trafalgar
в†’ naval battle that prevented the French from
establishing complete control of European trade.
Issues with Spain
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Napoleon would attempt to
install his brother Joseph
as king of Spain.
The Spanish would refuse
and engage in a small war
with France.
The French would be
overmatched, even with
their large numbers by
guerilla warfare.
Guerilla Warfare в†’ hit and
run tactics making effective
use of the environment
Alexander I
- Alexander I в†’ czar of
Russia during the
Napoleonic Era
- Alexander would begin to
instruct his merchants
and officials to smuggle
goods from Britain.
- This act was in clear
violation of the
Continental System and
led Napoleon to make the
decision to invade
Russia.
Invasion of Russia
- Napoleon would lead
400,000 troops into Russia
with plans to occupy and
control Moscow.
- Alexander I would follow a
scorched earth policy and
burn his own crops along
the way to Moscow.
- Napoleon would arrive to an
empty and evacuated
Moscow.
- With no supplies, Napoleon
was forced to retreat.
Battle of Nations
- During Napoleon's retreat,
he was attacked by the
Russian troops who were
following him and was
forced into Leipzig,
Germany.
- A coalition of armies
awaited him in the town
square and after much
fighting, he would
surrender and be forced
into exile to the island of
Elba.
Battle of Waterloo
- Napoleon would be freed by the French from the
island of Elba.
- In the meantime, Louis XVII was placed in power
during his absence.
- Napoleon would depose Louis XVII and ready
his troops for another war with his rival nations.
Battle of Waterloo
- Napoleon would engage the
Grand Alliance in the Battle
of Waterloo.
- Napoleon would earn early
victories but would halt his
advance due to rain.
- His halt allowed the other
nations to recover and
defeat him.
- He would be exiled again to
the island of St. Helena.
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