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Autumn 1st Half term Test

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Autumn
st
1
Half term Test
Questions and Answers
Typical question
Morgan’s profile of mood state (POMS) is a
questionnaire given to performers to
establish their relative measures on the
six mental health states of fatigue, vigour,
tension, depression, anger and confusion.
(a) Research has shown that the profile for
POMS differs between elite and non-elite
performers. Describe these differences.
(3
marks)
(b) What are the advantages and
disadvantages of using questionnaires to
provide psychological information?
2
9/24/2014
Akeley(4
Woodmarks)
PE Dept
Answer
(a) elite score higher on vigour;
no difference/below on other scores;
iceberg profile;
presence of profile no guarantee of elite ability;
of 3 marks
(b) advantages max of 3 marks
high researcher:respondent ratio/lots at a time/quick;
cheap/cost effective;
numerical/objective measures achieved;
reliable;
disadvantages max of 3 marks
weak validity;
tendency to give expected answer/lie;
difficult to self-assess;
ambiguity/ misinterpretation of question;
marks
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
max
max 4
3
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
4
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Akeley Wood PE Dept
5
Typical question
The cognitive and somatic state anxiety of the
competitors may vary as the start of the race
approaches.
(i) What do you understand by the terms cognitive
state anxiety and somatic state anxiety?
(2
marks)
(ii) Describe how cognitive state anxiety and
somatic state anxiety may vary prior to and during
the race.
(3 marks)
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
6
Answer
(b)
(i) A. Cognitive state anxiety – psychological/feelings
of nervousness/ apprehension/ and worry (not mental/mind
thoughts);
B. Somatic state anxiety – physiological/awareness of arousal
– sweaty palms/ high heart rate/butterflies/nausea/muscle
tension etc
(Do not credit not physical)
2
marks
(ii)
A. Cognitive state anxiety increases slowly/gradually in
the days prior to competition;
B. Changes during competition/fluctuates, as the likelihood of
success or failure changes;
C. Somatic style anxiety tends to be low well before
competition, but increases rapidly as event approaches;
D. Generally decreases during competition.
Accept annotated diagrams
3
marks
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
7
Exam Question
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
8
Answer
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
9
Typical question
Competitors at the 2004 Athens Olympics
who did not get beyond the heats may
eventually suffer from learned helplessness.
(a) What do you understand by the term
learned helplessness and suggest the likely
cause of
it?
(3
marks)
(b) Sufferers of learned helplessness may
require attribution retraining. Explain what
attribution retraining is and suggest why it
is
effective.
(3 10
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
marks)
Answers
(a) 1. Inevitable/expectation of failure;
2. Loss of motivation/leading to giving up;
3. Global/specific;
sub max 2
4. Attribute failure to stable/internal factors/ability;
5. Suitable e.g./keeps losing to same competitor 3 marks
(b) 1. Idea of realising that failure is not inevitable/teaching
appropriate attributions;
Sub
max 1 mark
2. Allow performer to achieve success;
3. Attribute success to stable/ internal/ability/controllable
factors;
4. Attribute failure to unstable/external factors/luck/task
difficulty/effort/
5. Improve self-esteem/confidence/feel/good/motivation; 3
9/24/2014
Akeley Wood PE Dept
marks
11
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