Joy Jordan, Extension 4-H Youth Department Specialist and Tiffany Browning, 4-H Project Coordinator, Department of Family Youth & Community Sciences Picking the Perfect Fabric вЂў Fabric should be suitable to your skill level. вЂў Beginning sewers should use a small print fabric because there is no matching required. вЂў Pay attention to the to what type of fabric the pattern requires. You donвЂ™t want to make a sundress out of velvet. Fabric Preparation вЂў Pre-wash the fabric!! This prevents the garment from shrinking and not fitting after you have constructed it. вЂў Iron the wrinkles out of the fabric to make it easier to sew. Choosing Seams & Finishes вЂў Choosing the right seam and finish for the garment is important. вЂў Different seams are created for different types of fabrics and garments. вЂў Which seam should you use? Look at the next few slides and see! Choosing Seams & Finishes This seam is used to add durability in stress areas. To stitch this seam, you first make a plain stitch and then add a second row of stitching. Double-Stitched Seam Choosing Seams & Finishes French Seams This stitch is used on sheer fabrics. It is a seam within a seam. First stitch the wrong sides together and turn and press. Then place the right sides together and stitch again. Choosing Seams & Finishes This seam is used on light to medium weight fabrics (especially good for jackets). Turn 1/8 inch machine stitch close to the edge. Work from the top side of the seam. Turned Under and Stitched Seam Choosing Seams & Finishes Hong Kong Seam This seam is used to enclose seams, but is less bulky than bias tape. Place right side of binding on right side of seam. Stitch at 1/8 inch from the edge. Turn binding over edge to inside. Stitch-in-theditch on the top side. Mix N Match вЂў On the next slide, you will see the four types of seams we discussed today. вЂў Write on your scorecard the name of each of the seams. вЂў Then you will see four definitions. For each of the scenarios tell which definition is correct. What Type of Seam is It? 1. 2. 3. 4. Definition #1 This seam is used for added durability in stress areas. It consists of a normal seam then another seam 1/8 inch from the first stitching. Definition #2 This seam is used on see through fabrics. It is a seam within a seam. It has a seam sewn together with the wrong sides together and then after it is pressed, another seam is sewn with the right sides together. Definition #3 This seam is used to enclose other seams without the bulk of double fold bias tape. A very light weight fabric is placed on the right side of the binding to right side of the seam. The stitch is 1/8 inch from the edge, then turned over and stitched again in the ditch. Definition #4 This seam is used on light to medium weight fabrics. However, this can not be used if there are extremely curved seams. The edges of a Вѕ stitch are turned 1/8 inch, then stitched close to the edge. This is a great finish for unlined jackets. ANSWERS Matching the Picture 1. 2. 3. 4. French Seam Hong Kong Seam Turned Under and Stitched Seam Double Stitch Seam Definitions 1. 2. 3. 4. Double Stitch Seam French Seam Hong Kong Seam Turned Under and Stitched Seam Score Card Matching the Definition Matching the Picture 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 3. 4. 4.