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Sewing Class Stitch techniqes - KCMGT-Sewettes

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Sewing Class Part 2
Basic Hand Stitches
Today’s Objectives
пЃ® We
will review basic hand
stitches and practice a 2-3
inch sample on fabric
swatches
пЃ® We
will review types of
buttons and practice the
proper technique for sewing
to fabric
Today’s Sewing Tool’s
Backstitch
пЃ®
пЃ®
Backstitch is the strongest hand stitch and is used
to imitate machine stitches.
Work backstitch from right to left.
пЃ®
Begin with a couple of stitches worked on the spot,
then take a stitch and a space.
пЃ®
Take the needle back over the space and bring it
out the same distance in front of the thread.
пЃ®
Continue to the end of the seam.
пЃ®
Fasten off with a couple of stitches on the spot
Catchstitch
A hemming stitch used for bulky fabrics or curved areas.
Work from right to left.
Fasten the thread to the edge of the folded fabric with a few
backstitches.
Make a diagonal stitch from right to left, then, with the
needle pointing to the left, make a small stitch in the fabric
from right to left.
Bring the needle out and make a diagonal stitch from right
to left. Do not pull the thread too tight.
The Catch Stitch up Close
Hemming Stitch
пЃ®
Work from right to left with a single thread.
пЃ®
Fasten the thread with a knot inside the hem.
пЃ®
Bring the needle out of the hem and pick up a few threads of flat
fabric just above the folded edge.
пЃ®
Make the same stitch through the folded fabric.
пЃ®
Work your way along the hem making the stitches as invisible as
possible on the right side.
The Hem Stitch Up Close
Herringbone Stitch
пЃ®
This stitch neatens a single hem and catches it to the fabric at
the same time. Work from left to right. Secure the thread with a
few backstitches.
пЃ®
Make a long diagonal stitch from left to right across the raw edge
and back through the flat fabric, about 0.25" (6mm) from the hem
edge.
пЃ®
With the needle pointing to the left, make a small stitch in the
fabric from right to left.
пЃ®
Bring the needle out and make another long diagonal stitch from
left to right so that the threads cross.
The stitches should be evenly spaced and the same size.
The Herringbone Stitch
Up Close
Overcast Stitch
пЃ®
Overcasting (a/k/a oversewing) is the best way to
neaten a raw edge by hand to prevent the fabric from
fraying.
пЃ®
Relate the length of the stitch to the fabric and how
badly it will fray.
пЃ®
Begin with a few backstitches.
пЃ®
Make diagonal stitches over the raw edge, spacing them
equally and the same length. Be careful not to pull the
stitches too tight
The Overcast Stitch Up Close
Running Stitch
пЃ®
This stitch is used for seams and for gathering.
пЃ®
Fasten the thread with a few backstitches and
work small stitches by passing the needle over and
under a few fabric threads and pulling through the
fabric.
пЃ®
Keep the stitches and spaces as even as possible.
Slipstitch
пЃ®
This stitch is used for holding a folded edge to a flat
piece of fabric.
пЃ®
Work from right to left with a single thread fastened
with a knot hidden inside the hem.
пЃ®
Bring the needle out through the folded edge, pick up a
few threads of fabric and then work through the fold
again.
пЃ®
Slide the needle along, come out of the fold to make the
next stitch.
The Slip Stitch Up Close
Tacking Stitch:
(Basting)
пЃ®
пЃ®
This is used to hold fabric in position while it is being
permanently stitched.
Work with single or double thread, knotted at the end,
and make evenly spaced stitches in and out of the
fabric.
пЃ®
End a line of tacking with 1 backstitch.
пЃ®
To release tacking stitches, cut off the knot and pull out
the thread.
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