Seam Finishes Finishing seams on your own clothing. Today Objectives вЂў What is a seam? вЂў What is a seam allowance? вЂў What is a seam finish? вЂў How do we decide which seam finish we should use? вЂў What kinds of seams do our clothes have? вЂў Learn about nine different seam finishes What is a seam? пЃ¬Line of stitching. пЃ¬Hold two pieces of fabric together. пЃ¬Basic part of garment construction. пЃ¬Secured by backstitching. What is a Seam Allowance? пЃ¬Flap of fabric allowed to sew a seam. пЃ¬5/8вЂќ is most common for clothing patterns. What is a Seam Finish? пЃ¬Finish applied to raw edge of seam allowance. пЃ¬Prevents fraying, curling and strengthens fabric. The type of finish you choose for your seams depends on: пЃ¬Type of fabric пЃ¬How neat you want your seams to look пЃ¬Durability пЃ¬Time пЃ¬Type of sewing machine Plain Seam п‚ЎDescription One line of sewing at 5/8вЂќ seam allowance п‚ЎSuitable for Delicate items п‚ЎAdvantages Very easy to make п‚ЎDisadvantages Not as strong as other stitches Straight Stitch Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description This is a plain seam with an extra line of stitching пЃ¬ Suitable for The straight stitch can be used as a seam finish on firmly woven fabrics which ravel slightly. пЃ¬ Advantages It is effective in preventing the seam allowances in knits from curling. пЃ¬ Disadvantages Does not look as neat as other methods. Pinked Edge Seam Finish вЂўDescription The raw edges of the seam allowance are trimmed with pinking shears. вЂўSuitable For Most fabrics except those very prone to raveling. вЂўAdvantages Fast and easy. DoesnвЂ™t add bulk to the seam allowance. вЂўDisadvantages DoesnвЂ™t look as neat and clean as other methods. May not keep fabrics from fraying, especially if the finished item will be laundered. Requires special scissors to make. Zig Zag Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description A zigzag stitch is sewn close to or over the raw edge of the seam allowance. пЃ¬ Suitable For Most fabrics пЃ¬ Advantages Effective at keeping the raw edges of the seam allowance from fraying. Adds little bulk to the seam allowance. пЃ¬ Disadvantages DoesnвЂ™t look as neat and clean as some other methods. Clean-Finish Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description The edges of the seam allowance are turned under and stitched. пЃ¬ Suitable For Light to medium weight fabrics. пЃ¬ Advantages Makes a neat, clean finish that wonвЂ™t ravel. пЃ¬ Disadvantages Adds bulk to the seam allowance, making it unsuitable for heavier fabrics. Narrow Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description The narrow seam finish is often used to control the curling seam allowances of knit fabrics. It also reduces the size of the seam allowance, making it more comfortable to wear. пЃ¬ Suitable for Children clothing, or any fabric that needs extra strength. пЃ¬ Advantages The narrow seam can be used anywhere on a garment, but it is especially useful where extra strength is needed. пЃ¬ Disadvantages May add bulk to the fabric. Flat Felled Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description The raw edge of the seam allowance is encased, then topstitched on the outside. пЃ¬ Suitable for: Most fabrics. Items that need durable seams. пЃ¬ Advantages Makes a neat, clean finish. Raw edges will not ravel because they are completely encased. Makes a very sturdy seam. пЃ¬ Disadvantages Requires precise pressing and sewing. Somewhat time consuming. Makes a topstitched seam on the outside you may not want. French Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description The raw edge of the seam allowance is enclosed in a secondary seam. пЃ¬ Suitable For Light weight fabrics and fabrics that are prone to raveling. Ideal for items that will have visible seams. пЃ¬ Advantages -very neat, clean finish. -Raw edges will not ravel because completely encased. пЃ¬ Disadvantages - Adds bulk ,making it unsuitable for medium to heavy weight fabrics. -A little complicated to make. -Somewhat time consuming. - Requires precise sewing. Serged Seam Finish пЃ¬ Description A line of overcast stitches is sewn over the raw edge of the seam allowance. пЃ¬ Suitable For Most fabrics пЃ¬ Advantages Produces a neat, clean finish thatвЂ™s fray resistant. Adds little bulk to the seam allowance. Quick and easy to make because the stitching and trimming can be done in one step. пЃ¬ Disadvantages You need a serger machine to make the stitch. Take another look at your clothing. Which Seam Finishes do you have? Summary What is a seam, seam allowance, seam finish? Deciding on Seam finish Type of fabric How neat you want your seams to look Durability Time Type of sewing machine Can we name the nine seam finishes? Nine Types of Seam Finishes 1.Plain Seam 2.Straight Stitch Seam Finish 3.Pinked Edge Seam Finish 4.Zig Zag Seam Finish 5.Clean-Finish Seam Finish 6.Narrow Seam Finish 7.Flat Felled Seam Finish 8.French Seam Finish 9.Serged Seam Finish http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5zrL68Nq 1z4 Any Questions?