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Sewing Basics

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Sewing Basics
Earning your Sewing License
Why Learn How to Sew?
• Why should we learn how to hand sew?
• What are some useful applications from hand
How to Measure your Thread
• Hold the end of the thread between your
thumb and forefinger
• Unroll the thread from the spool up your arm
to the shoulder bone
• Cut end off using scissors (Don’t break with
hands, leaves jagged edges that are tough to
How to Thread a Needle
• Cut off thread at a 45° angle
• Moisten the end of the thread
• Hold the needle between the thumb and
forefinger of one hand, and the edge of the
thread on the other hand
• Push through the eye of the needle, once
enough has come through, pull to make two
even ends
How to Knot Your Needle
• Moisten your finger, wrap the ends around
your finger
• Pinch and roll the thread off of your finger to
make a loose loop
• Pinch and slide the loop tight to make a knot
Practice Threading a Needle
Sewing Terminology
Right Side
Wrong Side
Pile Fabric
Basting stitch
Buttonhole Stitch (Blanket Stitch)
Closing Stitch
Sides of Fabric
• Right Side: The side of fabric
that is finished (Fur Side)
• Wrong Side: The back side
of fabric (backing side)
• Pile Fabric: Fabric with extra
thread that gives
appearance of fur
• When you cut and pin your
project, you always pin with
the right sides in (wrong
sides facing out)
Pattern: Cutting and Pinning
• Sewing Pattern: The
template placed on fabric
that, when cut out gives
pieces to be assembled
• Your kits will have the
pattern printed onto the
back of the fabric
Solid Line: Follow
along solid line
when cutting
Dashed Line: line
where you will
Notches: indicate
where two different
pieces of pattern
match up (indicated
by #’s and ’s on
Cutting Patterns
• Lay fabric flat on table
• Using sharp cutting shears,
cut along the cutting line
with long even strokes
• With your free hand, hold
the fabric flat on the table
• Use the point of your shears
to cut corners, curves and
notches (gives more control)
• Always cut notches
Pattern Markings Worksheet
• Use your books or netbooks to find out what
each of those symbols mean and match the
picture to the names
Pins are used to hold two pieces of fabric together while sewing
Always put right sides in
Put pins in perpendicular to the direction you will be sewing
Have pins pointing inwards
Put pins every 3-4 inches along the pieces
Starting to Stitch
• Always start by placing your knot from your
thread on the wrong side of the fabric
• We will be making simple square pin cushions
to practice the different types of stitches
• Each will get two pieces of square fabric 2”x2”
• One side will have running stitch, one will
have backstitching, one will have blanket
stitch and one will be the closing stitch
Basic Running (Basting) Stitch
• Weave in and out of fabric
• Used to hold two pieces of fabric together
• Strong and durable hand sewn stitch
• Used to repair torn seams or join two pieces
together tightly
• Start same as running stitch, but double back
half way before next stitch
• This stitch will be used for Sewing kits to
prevent stitches from being seen
Buttonhole Stitch or Blanket Stitch
• Used to sew thick fabric together (like quilts)
• Strong stitch that prevents holes in seams
• Start with knot on wrong side of fabric, weave in
through both sides, leave loose loop, put needle
through loop, then weave again
• You want this stitch to be close to the edge of the
Ladder Stitch (Closing Stitch)
• Used to close a hole after your toy has been
• Done on the right side of the fabric that has been
raw edges folded in
• Make stitches as small and as close together as
possible and pull tight
• Should be invisible once finished
Pin Cushion
• This fabric allows for you to draw on it using
• Feel free to add designs to your pin cushion
before handing it in
• Make sure to include your name
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