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Maine Video Display Terminal Law

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Maine
Video Display Terminal Law
Training Program
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By the end of this presentation you
will be able to:
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Identify the elements of the law
Identify the training requirements
Define ergonomics and its benefits
Recognize signs and symptoms of early injury
Identify work activities that can lead to injury
List examples of ergonomic principles that
reduce risk of injury
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Maine VDT Law
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MRSA Title 26 – Labor and Industry
Chapter 5 – Health and Safety Regulations
Sections: 251 and 252 – Video Display
Operator
Effective date: January 1, 1992
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Section: 251 Definitions
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Bureau – Bureau of Labor Standards
Employer – Uses 2 or more terminals
Operator – Four consecutive hours daily
Terminal – Video display terminal
(Does not apply to television, oscilloscopes, cash
registers, or money typewriters)
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Section: 252 Education
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Training requirements
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Under 5 employees MAY be only written
6 employees or more MUST be oral and written
Training schedule
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Within the first month of hire
Annually thereafter
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Training Program Requirements
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Notification of rights by posting the law and
poster that explains these rights and duties in
plain language. (available from Bureau of
Labor standards – 623-7900)
Explanation of the proper use of the terminals
Protective measures to avoid symptoms
How to achieve and maintain proper posture
How to adjust your workstation equipment
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Definition of Ergonomics
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Ergonomics: It is the science and practice of
designing jobs and workplaces to match the
capabilities and limitations of the human body.
Ergonomics means: fitting the job to the
worker.
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Benefits of Ergonomics
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Ergonomics helps to prevent injuries
Ergonomics has other benefits:
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Improved quality of work
Improved quality of life
Reduced fatigue and discomfort
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Safety, Health and the VDT Law
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Education on injury prevention is an important
part of safety and health
There are thousands of injuries, known as
WMSD’s, in Maine each year
(WMSD: Work-related Musculo-Skeletal
Disorders)
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What are Work-related MusculoSkeletal Disorders (WMSD’s)
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Also known as:
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Cumulative Trauma Disorders
Repetitive Strain Injuries
Overuse Injuries
Usually develop gradually, but sometimes can
appear suddenly
Can be serious, if not taken care of early
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What are Symptoms of WMSD’s?
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Discomfort, pain, dull ache
Decreased range of motion, tightness
Numbness, tingling
Change of color
Swelling of joint or limb
Decreased grip strength
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What Causes WMSD’s?
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Repetitive motion
Forceful exertion
Awkward posture
Mechanical pressure
Cold temperatures
Stress
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Nutritional deficiencies
Poor lighting
Prolonged standing in
one place
Sitting (poor posture)
Working with neck flexed
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Will it happen to me?
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Age
General health
Heredity
Posture
Diet
Activities
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WMSD Injury Depends On!
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Duration of exposure (how long) – usually need
hours of exposure before risk factors become a
concern.
Frequency of exposure (how often)
Intensity of exposure (how much)
Combinations of factors
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Awkward Postures
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Awkward Postures
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Awkward Postures
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Solutions: Static Postures
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Foot rests, shifting weight
Well designed, adjustable, supportive seating
Work surfaces at appropriate height
Change positions frequently
Routine stretch breaks
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Neutral Posture
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Head centered over
shoulders
90В° angle for arms
90В° angle for legs
90В° angle for torso
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Solutions: The Chair
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The right size
Lumbar support
Proper height
Armrests (removable)
Pan
Good foundation
Adjustable while sitting
or seated
Seated neutral posture
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Adjustments
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Backrest
Lumbar support
Seat
Height
Foundation
Armrest
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Armrests
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Base of Chair
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5 point suspension
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Correct casters
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Shoulders
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Solution: The Monitor
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The monitor should be directly
in front of you
Top of screen should be eye
level
A copy stand should be
adjacent to or in front of the
monitor
Adjust brightness and contrast
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Monitors
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Options
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External keyboard
External mouse
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Space saver
Low glare
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Monitor Riser
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Up and back
Down and forward
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Up in place
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Glare
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Placement
Not good
Not good
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OSHA
Solution: The Keyboard
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Spread keyboard work
throughout the day
Use macros for common
functions
Take stretch pauses
Improve your posture and
move around as much as
possible
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Keyboard Trays
No
lever
Difficult
places
Keyboard
swivels
For curves
Knee
clearance
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Keyboards
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Wrist bent upward
Wrist bent to side
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Alternatives
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Wrists
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Not good
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Not good
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Wrists
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Good
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Compromise
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Chair height
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Chose right height for
the keyboard
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Mouse / Pointer
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Alternatives
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Support
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Mouse Placement
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Mouse Placement
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You, Keyboard, Monitor
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Solution: Lighting
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Bright lighting may “wash out” the
image making it hard to see which will
cause eye fatigue.
Lighting should be indirect or “task
lighting” should be used to reduce
wash out or glare.
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Solution: Glare
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Screen 90o angle to window
Drapes or blinds
Avoid bright lights
Screen hood
Walls, work surfaces non-reflective
Keep screen clean
Adjust color, contrast, and brightness
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Solutions: Workspace and Other
Devices
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Workspace
Document holders
Telephones
Stretching
Office Environment
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Where Should it Be?
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Document Holders
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Choices
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Okay
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Best
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Telephones
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Talking
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Not good
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Very good
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Work Area
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Organizers
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Organizers
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Stretches
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Relieves static posture
Keeps fluids circulating
Prevents toxins from
building up in tissues
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Change Positions
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Stand-up Workstations
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Sharing Workstations
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Office Environment
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Lighting
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Stress
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Environment
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Air conditioning
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Air circulation
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What Can You Do?
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Recognize and report symptoms
Get involved in ergonomics
Perform an Ergonomic Risk Assessment
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Ergonomic Risk Assessment
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Identify the Hazards – use the attached
checklist.
Assess the Risk – how often do you do your
job, your health, posture, workstation
evaluation (attached).
Control the risks – Adjust your workstation to fit
your ergonomic needs.
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Symptom Recognition and
Reporting
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Report symptoms if:
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Pain is persistent, severe or worsening
Pain radiates
Symptoms include numbness or tingling
Symptoms keep you from sleeping at night
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Why is it Important to Report
Symptoms?
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Chronic symptoms can lead to disabling
injuries, even surgery
Early treatment is more successful
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Work Process
Even when the workstation
design and environmental
factors are at their best, a
worker can suffer discomfort
and injuries from factors
related to the work process.
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Five Key Points to Remember
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Ergonomics can help you on your job and at
home
WMSD’s can happen in jobs with risk factors
Risk factors can be reduced and WMSD’s
prevented
Reporting symptoms early is important
You can help by following good ergonomic
practices
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Getting Assistance
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Your supervisor
MDOL/Bureau of Labor Standards
Telephone No. 623-7900
www.safetyworksmaine.org
Keys to Your Good Work -Publication
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OSHA –
www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/computerworkstations
OSHA – www.OSHA.gov
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Opinion
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Opinion
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Opinion
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Opinion
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