The Effectiveness of Online Learning: A Very Quick Review of the Literature Colleen J. Burnham Thomas College February 2008 What is Online Learning? Any learning experience or environment that relies upon the Internet as the primary delivery mode of communication and presentation, and that frequently takes place away from the physical campus. Measuring Effectiveness Matrix of factors used in the Eom, Wen, & Ashill study (2006). The Determinants of StudentsвЂ™ Perceived Learning Outcomes and Satisfaction in University Online Education: An Empirical Investigation Student Traits that Predict Learning Outcomes вЂў Self-Motivation вЂ“ Self-efficacy (confidence) вЂ“ Ability to reward intrinsically (vested interest) вЂў Learning Style вЂ“ Visual Learner вЂў Ability to learn from descriptions вЂў Works well with вЂњto-doвЂќ lists toward pace-setting and organization вЂ“ Read/Write learners (note takers) Instructor Traits that Predict Online Course Effectiveness вЂў The ability to incorporate several teaching models simultaneously into the course design. вЂ“ Constuctivism: learner controls the pace of learning вЂ“ Collaboration: student involvement with the learning process вЂ“ Socioculturalism: student freedom to assume responsibility for learning вЂў Feedback: cognitive, diagnostic, & prescriptive General Traits that Predict Effectiveness Williams (2006) вЂў Working professional students significantly outperform traditional full-time graduate and undergraduate students вЂ“ Work experience contextualizes the online learning requirements вЂ“ Vested or intrinsic interest in learning new material вЂў Open learning and synchronous communication вЂў Interaction and feedback with and from the instructor. Very Interesting Findings Very Interesting Findings Wrap-UpвЂ¦ вЂў Learning Styles вЂў Student personalities вЂў Student experience вЂў Instructor experience вЂў Instructor versatility вЂў Communication skills, in general All are qualities that we intuitively suspect contribute positively to the effectiveness of online learning вЂ“ the data is now offering formal evidence that they are in fact actual predictors or determinants of a solid, effective, positive online вЂњclassroom experienceвЂќ. Bibliography Eom, S., Wen, H., & Ashill, N. (2006, July). The Determinants of Students' Perceived Learning Outcomes and Satisfaction in University Online Education: An Empirical Investigation. Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, 4(2), 215-235. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from Business Source Premier database. O'Dwyer, L., Carey, R., & Kleiman, G. (2007, Spring). A Study of the Effectiveness of the Louisiana Algebra I Online Course. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 39(3), 289-306. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from Academic Search Premier database. Salimi, A. (2007, January). The Promise and Challenges for Distance Education in Accounting. Strategic Finance, 88(7), 19-53. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from Business Source Premier database. Williams, S. (2006, September). The Effectiveness of Distance Education in Allied Health Science Programs: A Meta-Analysis of Outcomes. American Journal of Distance Education, 20(3), 127-141. Retrieved February 14, 2008, from Academic Search Premier database.