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Integrating Interactivity into Online Courses

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Integrating Interactivity into
Online Courses
by
Diana Zilberman
August 21
FOTTC
Integrating Interactivity into
Online Courses
I Rationale - why we should do it
II Strategies - how to do it
III Faculty Training - how to
encourage implementation
Integrating Interactivity into
Online Courses:
Part I: Rationale
What is the pedagogical value of
interactivity?
пЃ® Interactivity in conventional classrooms
versus interactivity online
пЃ®
Part I: Rationale
Why Interactivity?
пЃ®
interactivity in the learning
process adheres to the
constructivist cognitive theory by
which learners create their own
knowledge
Part I: Rationale
Interactivity appeals to all learning
styles because of its emphasis on
learning by doing.
visual, aural, or kinesthetic
пЃ® sequential or simultaneous (multitask)
пЃ® concrete or abstract preferential
пЃ®
Part I: Rationale
Strengths of the conventional classroom
(although it’s teacher-centered)
high level of teacher-student interaction
пЃ® high level of student-student interaction
пЃ® ideal at demonstrating and teaching
concepts and application
пЃ®
пЃ®
real time feedback
(Niedrauer, 1998)
Part I: Rationale
Possible drawback of the online course
(although it’s student-centered):
minimal student-student interaction
пЃ® timeliness of feedback
пЃ® difficulty in teaching concepts and
application
пЃ®
(Niedrauer, 1998)
Challenges for online courses:
introducing more interaction
student to student
пЃ® student to instructor
пЃ® student to content
пЃ®
More challenges:
bringing the benefits of the conventional
classroom into the distance education
setting
пЃ® drawing on technology to bring
innovative ways to promote interaction
пЃ® encouraging the traditional instructor to
make the transition from an instructorcentered to a student-centered setting
пЃ®
II Strategies
How to include student to student interaction
пЃ®
post student pictures, short biographies,
and favorite web sites
пЃ®
make first assignment “meet your fellow
students”
пЃ®
for example, each student to e-mail to two
others in the class and a cc to instructor
(no instructor reply necessary; just inventory)
II Strategies
How to include student to student interaction
пЃ®
threaded discussion
ask provocative, open-ended questions
пЃ® encourage/make mandatory student to
student responses
пЃ® respond fast and enthusiastically to first
postings
пЃ® invite your school administrators to
participate in discussions
пЃ®
II Strategies
How to include student to student interaction
пЃ®
chats
work great for brain storming sessions
пЃ® good to initiate group projects
пЃ® exciting
пЃ® informal
пЃ®
II Strategies
How to include student to student interaction
пЃ®
peer review
require two or more student feedback on
assignments/projects
пЃ® encourage/require subsequent revisions
пЃ®
пЃ®
group projects
II Strategies
How to include student to content
interaction
пЃ®
encourage web-based research
пЃ®require
students to check websites’
reliability
пЃ®encourage students to share website
discoveries
II Strategies
How to include student to content
interaction …continued
“What’s in it for me?”
пЃ®
encourage student input regarding
content of assignments and projects
пЃ®
benefits:
пЃ®makes
course more relevant
пЃ®allows students to integrate life experiences into
the course
пЃ®motivates students to be more invested
II Strategies
How to include student to content
interaction
пЃ®
encourage student input regarding
format of assignments and projects
пЃ®allows
students to showcase special talents
пЃ®encourages creativity
II Strategies
How to include student to content
interaction
allow/encourage students to selfassess their learning and/or work
пЃ®
II Strategies
How to include student to instructor
interaction
include instructor picture and “about
me” information; keep it updated
пЃ® make first assignment easy
пЃ® respond to technical questions
пЃ® include controversial statements to
trigger students’ reaction
пЃ®
III Faculty Training - how to
encourage implementation of
interactivity in online courses
пЃ®
ask faculty these questions:
пЃ®can
the interactivity of my conventional class
be applied to the online course?
пЃ®what kind of interactive exercise is possible
only on the online course?
Conclusion
пЃ® interactivity is a sine qua non condition of the
online course
пЃ® it is central to online courses
пЃ®the
online course should not be a mere information
delivery tool
пЃ®interactivity mut be built in the course design
Web-based distance learning is
evolving its own pedagogy.
pedagogy is unique to the
technology
пЃ® faculty are still learning about and
experimenting with ways to facilitate
interactivity in online courses
пЃ®
The End...
And remember, a student-centered
course means that the instructor is not
пЃ®Cognitus Magnificus,
but
пЃ®Ducere Mentorus Maximus
пЃ®
(adapted from www.learnscope)
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